Found 2 items, similar to extreme unction.
English → English
Definition: extreme unction
n : a Catholic sacrament; a priest anoints a dying person with
oil and prays for salvation [syn: anointing of the sick
English → English
Definition: Extreme unction
, n. [OE. unccioun, uncioun, OF. oncion,
onction, F. onction, fr. L. unctio, fr. ungere, unctum, to
anoint. See Unguent
1. The act of anointing, smearing, or rubbing with an
unguent, oil, or ointment, especially for medical
purposes, or as a symbol of consecration; as, mercurial
To be heir, and to be king
By sacred unction, thy deserved right. --Milton.
2. That which is used for anointing; an unguent; an ointment;
hence, anything soothing or lenitive.
The king himself the sacred unction made. --Dryden.
Lay not that flattering unction to your soul.
3. Divine or sanctifying grace. [R.]
4. That quality in language, address, or the like, which
excites emotion; especially, strong devotion; religious
fervor and tenderness; sometimes, a simulated, factitious,
or unnatural fervor.
The delightful equivoque and unction of the passage
in Farquhar. --Hazlitt.
The mention of thy glory
Is unction to the breast. --Neale
(Rhythm of St.
(R. C. Ch. & Gr. Ch.), the sacrament of
anointing in the last hours; the application of
consecrated oil by a priest to all the senses, that is, to
eyes, ears, nostrils, etc., of a person when in danger of
death from illness, -- done for remission of sins. [James
v. 14, 15.]
, a. [L. extremus, superl. of exter, extrus,
on the outside, outward: cf. F. extr[^e]me. See Exterior
1. At the utmost point, edge, or border; outermost; utmost;
farthest; most remote; at the widest limit.
2. Last; final; conclusive; -- said of time; as, the extreme
hour of life.
3. The best of worst; most urgent; greatest; highest;
immoderate; excessive; most violent; as, an extreme case;
extreme folly. “The extremest remedy.”
--Sir W. Scott.
Yet extreme gusts will blow out fire. --Shak.
4. Radical; ultra; as, extreme opinions.
The Puritans or extreme Protestants. --Gladstone.
5. (Mus.) Extended or contracted as much as possible; -- said
of intervals; as, an extreme sharp second; an extreme flat
Extreme and mean ratio
(Geom.), the relation of a line and
its segments when the line is so divided that the whole is
to the greater segment is to the less.
. (Paint.) See Distance
., n., 6.
. See under Unction
Note: Although this adjective, being superlative in
signification, is not properly subject to comparison,
the superlative form not unfrequently occurs,
especially in the older writers. “Tried in his
--Spenser. “Extremest hardships.”
--Sharp. “Extremest of evils.”
verge of the swift brook.”
--Shak. “The sea's