Found 1 items, similar to Hard and fast.
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Definition: Hard and fast
(h[aum]rd), a. [Compar. Harder
.] [OE. hard, heard, AS. heard; akin to OS. & D.
hard, G. hart, OHG. herti, harti, Icel. har[eth]r, Dan.
haard, Sw. h[*a]rd, Goth. hardus, Gr. kraty`s strong,
ka`rtos, kra`tos, strength, and also to E. -ard, as in
coward, drunkard, -crat, -cracy in autocrat, democracy; cf.
Skr. kratu strength, k[.r] to do, make. Cf. Hardy
1. Not easily penetrated, cut, or separated into parts; not
yielding to pressure; firm; solid; compact; -- applied to
material bodies, and opposed to soft
; as, hard wood;
hard flesh; a hard apple.
2. Difficult, mentally or judicially; not easily apprehended,
decided, or resolved; as a hard problem.
The hard causes they brought unto Moses. --Ex.
In which are some things hard to be understood. --2
Peter iii. 16.
3. Difficult to accomplish; full of obstacles; laborious;
fatiguing; arduous; as, a hard task; a disease hard to
4. Difficult to resist or control; powerful.
The stag was too hard for the horse. --L'Estrange.
A power which will be always too hard for them.
5. Difficult to bear or endure; not easy to put up with or
consent to; hence, severe; rigorous; oppressive;
distressing; unjust; grasping; as, a hard lot; hard times;
hard fare; a hard winter; hard conditions or terms.
I never could drive a hard bargain. --Burke.
6. Difficult to please or influence; stern; unyielding;
obdurate; unsympathetic; unfeeling; cruel; as, a hard
master; a hard heart; hard words; a hard character.
7. Not easy or agreeable to the taste; harsh; stiff; rigid;
ungraceful; repelling; as, a hard style.
Figures harder than even the marble itself.
8. Rough; acid; sour, as liquors; as, hard cider.
9. (Pron.) Abrupt or explosive in utterance; not aspirated,
sibilated, or pronounced with a gradual change of the
organs from one position to another; -- said of certain
consonants, as c in came, and g in go, as distinguished
from the same letters in center, general, etc.
10. Wanting softness or smoothness of utterance; harsh; as, a
(a) Rigid in the drawing or distribution of the figures;
formal; lacking grace of composition.
(b) Having disagreeable and abrupt contrasts in the
coloring or light and shade.
, Hard case
, etc. See under Cancer
, or Hard-shelled clam
(Zo["o]l.), the quahog.
, anthracite, as distinguished from bituminous coal
Hard and fast
. (Naut.) See under Fast
(Arch.), a smooth finishing coat of hard fine
plaster applied to the surface of rough plastering.
, hardship; difficult conditions.
, coin or specie, as distinguished from paper
(Zo["o]l.), the northern native oyster. [Local,
, the hard stratum of earth lying beneath the soil;
hence, figuratively, the firm, substantial, fundamental
part or quality of anything; as, the hard pan of
character, of a matter in dispute, etc. See Pan
. See under Rubber
. See under Solder
, water, which contains lime or some mineral
substance rendering it unfit for washing. See Hardness
, wood of a solid or hard texture; as walnut, oak,
ash, box, and the like, in distinction from pine, poplar,
In hard condition
, in excellent condition for racing;
having firm muscles; -- said of race horses.
Syn: Solid; arduous; powerful; trying; unyielding; stubborn;
stern; flinty; unfeeling; harsh; difficult; severe;
obdurate; rigid. See Solid
, and Arduous
, a. [Compar. Faster
; superl. Fastest
firm, strong, not loose, AS. f[ae]st; akin to OS. fast, D.
vast, OHG. fasti, festi, G. fest, Icel. fastr, Sw. & Dan.
fast, and perh. to E. fetter. The sense swift comes from the
idea of keeping close to what is pursued; a Scandinavian use.
, adv., Fast
, v., Avast
1. Firmly fixed; closely adhering; made firm; not loose,
unstable, or easily moved; immovable; as, to make fast the
There is an order that keeps things fast. --Burke.
2. Firm against attack; fortified by nature or art;
Outlaws . . . lurking in woods and fast places.
3. Firm in adherence; steadfast; not easily separated or
alienated; faithful; as, a fast friend.
4. Permanent; not liable to fade by exposure to air or by
washing; durable; lasting; as, fast colors.
5. Tenacious; retentive. [Obs.]
Roses, damask and red, are fast flowers of their
6. Not easily disturbed or broken; deep; sound.
All this while in a most fast sleep. --Shak.
7. Moving rapidly; quick in mition; rapid; swift; as, a fast
8. Given to pleasure seeking; disregardful of restraint;
reckless; wild; dissipated; dissolute; as, a fast man; a
fast liver. --Thackeray.
9. In such a condition, as to resilience, etc., as to make
possible unusual rapidity of play or action; as, a fast
racket, or tennis court; a fast track; a fast billiard
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
Fast and loose
, now cohering, now disjoined; inconstant,
esp. in the phrases to play at fast and loose, to play
fast and loose, to act with giddy or reckless inconstancy
or in a tricky manner; to say one thing and do another.
“Play fast and loose with faith.”
Fast and loose pulleys
(Mach.), two pulleys placed side by
side on a revolving shaft, which is driven from another
shaft by a band, and arranged to disengage and re["e]ngage
the machinery driven thereby. When the machinery is to be
stopped, the band is transferred from the pulley fixed to
the shaft to the pulley which revolves freely upon it, and
Hard and fast
(Naut.), so completely aground as to be
To make fast
(Naut.), to make secure; to fasten firmly, as
a vessel, a rope, or a door.