Found 2 items, similar to H2O.
English → English
n : binary compound that occurs at room temperature as a clear
colorless odorless tasteless liquid; freezes into ice
below 0 degrees centigrade and boils above 100 degrees
centigrade; widely used as a solvent [syn: water
English → English
The chemical formula for water
Syn: water, hydrogen oxide.
, a. [Cf. F. mol['e]culare. See
.] (Phys. & Chem.)
Pertaining to, connected with, produced by, or consisting of,
molecules; as, molecular forces; molecular groups of atoms,
(Phys.), attraction acting between the
molecules of bodies, and at insensible distances.
(Chem.), the weight of a molecule of any
gas or vapor as compared with the hydrogen atom having
weight of 1 as a standard; the sum of the atomic weights
of the constituents of a molecule; thus, the molecular
weight of water (H2O
) is 18. For more precise
measurements, the weight of the carbon isotope carbon-12
is used as the standard, that isotope having the value of
12.000. In this systen, now used almost universally, the
hydrogen atom has a weight of 1.0079.
[1913 Webster +PJC]
, n. [F. type; cf. It. tipo, from L. typus a figure,
image, a form, type, character, Gr. ? the mark of a blow,
impression, form of character, model, from the root of ? to
beat, strike; cf. Skr. tup to hurt.]
1. The mark or impression of something; stamp; impressed
The faith they have in tennis, and tall stockings,
Short blistered breeches, and those types of travel.
2. Form or character impressed; style; semblance.
Thy father bears the type of king of Naples. --Shak.
3. A figure or representation of something to come; a token;
a sign; a symbol; -- correlative to antitype.
A type is no longer a type when the thing typified
comes to be actually exhibited. --South.
4. That which possesses or exemplifies characteristic
qualities; the representative. Specifically:
(a) (Biol.) A general form or structure common to a number
of individuals; hence, the ideal representation of a
species, genus, or other group, combining the
essential characteristics; an animal or plant
possessing or exemplifying the essential
characteristics of a species, genus, or other group.
Also, a group or division of animals having a certain
typical or characteristic structure of body maintained
within the group.
Since the time of Cuvier and Baer . . . the
whole animal kingdom has been universally held
to be divisible into a small number of main
divisions or types. --Haeckel.
(b) (Fine Arts) The original object, or class of objects,
scene, face, or conception, which becomes the subject
of a copy; esp., the design on the face of a medal or
(c) (Chem.) A simple compound, used as a mode or pattern
to which other compounds are conveniently regarded as
being related, and from which they may be actually or
Note: The fundamental types used to express the simplest and
most essential chemical relations are hydrochloric
; water, H2O
; ammonia, NH3
; and methane,
(a) A raised letter, figure, accent, or other character,
cast in metal or cut in wood, used in printing.
(b) Such letters or characters, in general, or the whole
quantity of them used in printing, spoken of
collectively; any number or mass of such letters or
characters, however disposed.
Note: Type are mostly made by casting type metal in a mold,
though some of the larger sizes are made from maple,
mahogany, or boxwood. In the cut, a is the body; b, the
face, or part from which the impression is taken; c,
the shoulder, or top of the body; d, the nick
(sometimes two or more are made), designed to assist
the compositor in distinguishing the bottom of the face
from t`e top; e, the groove made in the process of
finishing, -- each type as cast having attached to the
bottom of the body a jet, or small piece of metal
(formed by the surplus metal poured into the mold),
which, when broken off, leaves a roughness that
requires to be removed. The fine lines at the top and
bottom of a letter are technically called ceriphs, and
when part of the face projects over the body, as in the
letter f, the projection is called a kern.
[1913 Webster] The type which compose an ordinary book
font consist of Roman CAPITALS, small capitals, and
lower-case letters, and Italic CAPITALS and lower-case
letters, with accompanying figures, points, and
reference marks, -- in all about two hundred
characters. Including the various modern styles of
fancy type, some three or four hundred varieties of
face are made. Besides the ordinary Roman and Italic,
some of the most important of the varieties are
[1913 Webster] Old English. Black Letter. Old Style.
French Elzevir. Boldface. Antique. Clarendon. Gothic.
[1913 Webster] The smallest body in common use is
diamond; then follow in order of size, pearl, agate,
nonpareil, minion, brevier, bourgeois (or two-line
diamond), long primer (or two-line pearl), small pica
(or two-line agate), pica (or two-line nonpareil),
English (or two-line minion), Columbian (or two-line
brevier), great primer (two-line bourgeois), paragon
(or two-line long primer), double small pica (or
two-line small pica), double pica (or two-line pica),
double English (or two-line English), double great
primer (or two-line great primer), double paragon (or
two-line paragon), canon (or two-line double pica).
Above this, the sizes are called five-line pica,
six-line pica, seven-line pica, and so on, being made
mostly of wood. The following alphabets show the
different sizes up to great primer.
[1913 Webster] Brilliant . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz
Diamond . . abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Pearl . . .
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Agate . . .
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Nonpareil . . .
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Minion . . .
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Brevier . . .
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Bourgeois . .
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Long primer . . .
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Small pica . .
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Pica . . . . .
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz English . . .
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Columbian . . .
abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz Great primer . . .
[1913 Webster] The foregoing account is conformed to
the designations made use of by American type founders,
but is substantially correct for England. Agate,
however, is called ruby, in England, where, also, a
size intermediate between nonpareil and minion is
employed, called emerald.
Point system of type bodies
(Type Founding), a system
adopted by the type founders of the United States by which
the various sizes of type have been so modified and
changed that each size bears an exact proportional
relation to every other size. The system is a modification
of a French system, and is based on the pica body. This
pica body is divided into twelfths, which are termed
and every type body consist of a given number
of these points. Many of the type founders indicate the
new sizes of type by the number of points, and the old
names are gradually being done away with. By the point
system type founders cast type of a uniform size and
height, whereas formerly fonts of pica or other type made
by different founders would often vary slightly so that
they could not be used together. There are no type in
actual use corresponding to the smaller theoretical sizes
of the point system. In some cases, as in that of ruby,
the term used designates a different size from that
heretofore so called.
[1913 Webster] 1 American 9 Bourgeois [bar] [bar] 11/2
German [bar] 2 Saxon 10 Long Primer [bar] [bar] 21/2 Norse
[bar] 3 Brilliant 11 Small Pica [bar] [bar] 31/2 Ruby 12
Pica [bar] [bar] 4 Excelsior [bar] 41/2 Diamond 14 English
[bar] [bar] 5 Pearl 16 Columbian [bar] [bar] 51/2 Agate
[bar] 6 Nonpareil 18 Great Primer [bar] [bar] 7 Minion
[bar] 8 Brevier 20 Paragon [bar] [bar] Diagram of the
by which sizes of Type are graduated in the
, one who casts or manufacture type.
, Type foundery
, a place for the manufacture
, an alloy used in making type, stereotype
plates, etc., and in backing up electrotype plates. It
consists essentially of lead and antimony, often with a
little tin, nickel, or copper.
, a wheel having raised letters or characters on
its periphery, and used in typewriters, printing
Unity of type
(Biol.), that fundamental agreement in
structure which is seen in organic beings of the same
class, and is quite independent of their habits of life.
(w[add]"t[~e]r), n. [AS. w[ae]ter; akin to OS.
watar, OFries. wetir, weter, LG. & D. water, G. wasser, OHG.
wazzar, Icel. vatn, Sw. vatten, Dan. vand, Goth. wat[=o], O.
Slav. & Russ. voda, Gr. 'y`dwr, Skr. udan water, ud to wet,
and perhaps to L. unda wave. [root]137. Cf. Dropsy
1. The fluid which descends from the clouds in rain, and
which forms rivers, lakes, seas, etc. “We will drink
--Shak. “Powers of fire, air, water, and
Note: Pure water consists of hydrogen and oxygen, H2O
is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, transparent
liquid, which is very slightly compressible. At its
maximum density, 39[deg] Fahr. or 4[deg] C., it is the
standard for specific gravities, one cubic centimeter
weighing one gram. It freezes at 32[deg] Fahr. or
0[deg] C. and boils at 212[deg] Fahr. or 100[deg] C.
). It is the most important natural
solvent, and is frequently impregnated with foreign
matter which is mostly removed by distillation; hence,
rain water is nearly pure. It is an important
ingredient in the tissue of animals and plants, the
human body containing about two thirds its weight of
2. A body of water, standing or flowing; a lake, river, or
other collection of water.
Remembering he had passed over a small water a poor
scholar when first coming to the university, he
3. Any liquid secretion, humor, or the like, resembling
water; esp., the urine.
4. (Pharm.) A solution in water of a gaseous or readily
volatile substance; as, ammonia water. --U. S. Pharm.
5. The limpidity and luster of a precious stone, especially a
diamond; as, a diamond of the first water, that is,
perfectly pure and transparent. Hence, of the first water,
that is, of the first excellence.
6. A wavy, lustrous pattern or decoration such as is imparted
to linen, silk, metals, etc. See Water
, v. t., 3,
, v. t., and Damaskeen
7. An addition to the shares representing the capital of a
stock company so that the aggregate par value of the
shares is increased while their value for investment is
diminished, or “diluted.”
Note: Water is often used adjectively and in the formation of
many self-explaining compounds; as, water drainage;
water gauge, or water-gauge; waterfowl, water-fowl, or
water fowl; water-beaten; water-borne, water-circled,
water-girdled, water-rocked, etc.
. See under Hard
Inch of water
, a unit of measure of quantity of water,
being the quantity which will flow through an orifice one
inch square, or a circular orifice one inch in diameter,
in a vertical surface, under a stated constant head; also
called miner's inch
, and water inch
. The shape of the
orifice and the head vary in different localities. In the
Western United States, for hydraulic mining, the standard
aperture is square and the head from 4 to 9 inches above
its center. In Europe, for experimental hydraulics, the
orifice is usually round and the head from 1/2 of an inch
to 1 inch above its top.
, waters which are so impregnated with foreign
ingredients, such as gaseous, sulphureous, and saline
substances, as to give them medicinal properties, or a
particular flavor or temperature.
, water not impregnated with lime or mineral
To hold water
. See under Hold
, v. t.
To keep one's head above water
, to keep afloat; fig., to
avoid failure or sinking in the struggles of life.
To make water
(a) To pass urine. --Swift.
(b) (Naut.) To admit water; to leak.
Water of crystallization
(Chem.), the water combined with
many salts in their crystalline form. This water is
loosely, but, nevertheless, chemically, combined, for it
is held in fixed and definite amount for each substance
containing it. Thus, while pure copper sulphate, CuSO4
is a white amorphous substance, blue vitriol, the
crystallized form, CuSO4.5H2O
, contains five molecules
of water of crystallization.
Water on the brain
Water on the chest
Note: Other phrases, in which water occurs as the first
element, will be found in alphabetical order in the