Found 2 items, similar to Columba livia.
English → English
Definition: Columba livia
n : pale gray Eurasian pigeon having black-striped wings from
which most domestic species are descended [syn: rock dove
, rock pigeon
English → English
Definition: Columba livia
(h[=o]m"[i^]ng), p. a.
Home-returning; -- used specifically of carrier pigeons.
, any pigeon trained to return home from a
distance. Also called carrier pigeon
. Most are bred from
the domestic pigeon Columba livia
. Homing pigeons are
used for sending back messages or for flying races. By
carrying the birds away and releasing them at gradually
increasing distances from home, they may be trained to
return with more or less certainty and promptness from
distances up to four or five hundred miles. The birds
typically do not stop on their way home, and may average
as much as 60 miles per hour on their return trip. If the
distance is increased much beyond 400 miles, the birds are
unable to cover it without stopping for a prolonged rest,
and their return becomes doubtful. The record for returnig
from a distance is close to 1,200 miles. Homing pigeons
are not bred for fancy points or special colors, but for
strength, speed, endurance, and intelligence or homing
instinct. Although used since ancient times, homing
pigeons have been largely displaced for practical purposes
by radio and electronic communications, but they are still
used in some special situations at the end of the 20th
century. They were used in military operations as recently
as in World War II.
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]
, n. [F., fr. L. pipio a young pipping or
chirping bird, fr. pipire to peep, chirp. Cf. Peep
1. (Zo["o]l.) Any bird of the order Columb[ae], of which
numerous species occur in nearly all parts of the world.
Note: The common domestic pigeon, or dove, was derived from
the Old World rock pigeon or rock dove (Columba livia
), common in cities. It has given rise to
numerous very remarkable varieties, such as the
carrier, fantail, nun, pouter, tumbler, etc. The common
wild pigeon of the Eastern United States is the
, called also
). Before the 19th century, the most
common pigeon was the passenger pigeon, but that
species is now extinct. See Passenger pigeon
. See, also, Fruit pigeon
, Ground pigeon
, Queen pigeon
, Stock pigeon
, under Fruit
[1913 Webster +PJC]
2. An unsuspected victim of sharpers; a gull. [Slang]
(Zo["o]l.), an Australian passerine bird
); -- called also black-faced crow
(Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of Old
World pigeons belonging to the family Treronid[ae]
(Zo["o]l.), any one of the large Asiatic
fruit pigeons of the genus Carpophada
(Bot.), the purplish black fruit of the
pokeweed; also, the plant itself. See Pokeweed
[perhaps a corruption of business English],
an extraordinary and grotesque dialect, employed in the
commercial cities of China, as the medium of communication
between foreign merchants and the Chinese. Its base is
English, with a mixture of Portuguese and Hindustani.
(Bot.), a kind of foxtail grass (Setaria glauca
), of some value as fodder. The seeds are eagerly
eaten by pigeons and other birds.
(a) A small American falcon (Falco columbarius
adult male is dark slate-blue above, streaked with
black on the back; beneath, whitish or buff, streaked
with brown. The tail is banded.
(b) The American sharp-shinned hawk (Accipiter velox
(a) A hole for pigeons to enter a pigeon house.
(b) See Pigeonhole
(c) pl. An old English game, in which balls were rolled
through little arches. --Halliwell.
, a dovecote.
(Bot.), the seed of Cajanus Indicus
; a kind of
pulse used for food in the East and West Indies; also, the
(Bot.), the edible drupes of two West African
species of Chrysobalanus
. (Zo["o]l.) See under Tremex
(Bot.), a name in the West Indies for the wood
of several very different kinds of trees, species of
, and Coccoloba
(Zo["o]l.), the flicker.
(a) The upland plover.
(b) The golden plover. [Local, U.S.]
, n. [OF. roke, F. roche; cf. Armor. roc'h, and AS.
1. A large concreted mass of stony material; a large fixed
stone or crag. See Stone
Come one, come all! this rock shall fly
From its firm base as soon as I. --Sir W.
2. (Geol.) Any natural deposit forming a part of the earth's
crust, whether consolidated or not, including sand, earth,
clay, etc., when in natural beds.
3. That which resembles a rock in firmness; a defense; a
support; a refuge.
The Lord is my rock, and my fortress. --2 Sam. xxii.
4. Fig.: Anything which causes a disaster or wreck resembling
the wreck of a vessel upon a rock.
5. (Zo["o]l.) The striped bass. See under Bass
Note: This word is frequently used in the formation of
self-explaining compounds; as, rock-bound, rock-built,
rock-ribbed, rock-roofed, and the like.
. [Probably so called by confusion with F. roche a
rock.] Same as Roche alum
(Zo["o]l.), a barnacle (Balanus balanoides
very abundant on rocks washed by tides.
(a) The stripped bass. See under Bass
(b) The goggle-eye.
(c) The cabrilla. Other species are also locally called
(Zo["o]l.), any species of animal whose
remains contribute to the formation of rocks, especially
the corals and Foraminifera.
(Min.), native alum mixed with clay and oxide
of iron, usually in soft masses of a yellowish white
color, occuring in cavities and fissures in argillaceous
, a form of candy consisting of crystals of pure
sugar which are very hard, whence the name.
. (Zo["o]l.) See Moco
(a) A small, often reddish or brown, variety of the cod
found about rocks andledges.
(b) A California rockfish.
(a) A European wrasse (Centrolabrus exoletus
(b) A rockling.
(Min.), a variety of asbestus the fibers of which
are loosely interlaced. It resembles cork in its texture.
(Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of large
crabs of the genus C
, as the two species of the New
England coast (Cancer irroratus
and Cancer borealis
See Illust. under Cancer
(Bot.), a name of several plants of the cress
kind found on rocks, as Arabis petr[ae]a
, Arabis lyrata
(Min.), limpid quartz. See Quartz
, and under
(Zo["o]l.), the rock pigeon; -- called also rock doo
, an implement for drilling holes in rock; esp.,
a machine impelled by steam or compressed air, for
drilling holes for blasting, etc.
(Zo["o]l.), the harlequin duck.
. (Zo["o]l.) See Gunnel
(Zo["o]l.), a wild goat, or ibex.
(Zo["o]l.), a penguin of the genus
. See under Penguin
. (Zo["o]l.) See Kangaroo
, and Petrogale
(Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of
large spinose lobsters of the genera Panulirus
. They have no large claws. Called also spiny lobster
, and sea crayfish
(Min.), a light powdery variety of calcite
occuring as an efflorescence.
. (Min.) See Agaric mineral
, under Agaric
, a kind of lichen; the cudbear. See Cudbear
. See Petroleum
(Zo["o]l.), a small Australian parrakeet
), which nests in holes among the
rocks of high cliffs. Its general color is yellowish olive
green; a frontal band and the outer edge of the wing
quills are deep blue, and the central tail feathers bluish
(Zo["o]l.), the wild pigeon (Columba livia
Of Europe and Asia, from which the domestic pigeon was
derived. See Illust. under Pigeon
. (Zo["o]l.) See the Note under Pipit
(a) The black-bellied, or whistling, plover.
(b) The rock snipe.
(Zo["o]l.), an arctic American ptarmigan
), which in winter is white, with the
tail and lores black. In summer the males are grayish
brown, coarsely vermiculated with black, and have black
patches on the back.
(Zo["o]l.), the hyrax. See Cony
, and Daman
(Min.), a fine reddish variety of garnet.
(Min.), cloride of sodium (common salt) occuring
in rocklike masses in mines; mineral salt; salt dug from
the earth. In the United States this name is sometimes
given to salt in large crystals, formed by evaporation
from sea water in large basins or cavities.
(Zo["o]l.), the harbor seal. See Seal
(Zo["o]l.), any species of Murex, Purpura, and
(Zo["o]l.), any one of several large pythons;
as, the royal rock snake
) of Africa, and
the rock snake
of India (Python molurus
Australian rock snakes mostly belong to the allied genus
(Zo["o]l.), the purple sandpiper (Tringa maritima
); -- called also rock bird
, rock plover
(Min.), a kind of clay having a smooth, greasy
feel, and adhering to the tongue.
(a) Any one of several species of Old World sparrows of
the genus Petronia
, as Petronia stulla
, of Europe.
(b) A North American sparrow (Puc[ae]a ruficeps
(Zo["o]l.), any Old World thrush of the genus
, or Petrocossyphus
; as, the European rock
thrush (Monticola saxatilis
), and the blue rock thrush
of India (Monticola cyaneus
), in which the male is blue
(Bot.), a kind of lichen (Umbilicaria Dillenii
) growing on rocks in the northen parts of
America, and forming broad, flat, coriaceous, dark fuscous
or blackish expansions. It has been used as food in cases
(Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of marine
food fishes of the genus Hexagrammus
, native of the North Pacific coasts; --
called also sea trout
(Zo["o]l.), a small Australian singing bird
) which frequents rocky ravines and
water courses; -- called also cataract bird
(Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of wrens
of the genus Salpinctes
, native of the arid plains of
Lower California and Mexico.
(d[u^]v), n. [OE. dove, duve, douve, AS. d[=u]fe;
akin to OS. d[=u]ba, D. duif, OHG. t[=u]ba, G. taube, Icel.
d[=u]fa, Sw. dufva, Dan. due, Goth. d[=u]b[=o]; perh. from
the root of E. dive.]
1. (Zo["o]l.) A pigeon of the genus Columba
related genera. The species are numerous.
Note: The domestic dove, including the varieties called
, carrier pigeons
, etc., was
derived from the rock pigeon
Europe and Asia; the turtledove
of Europe, celebrated
for its sweet, plaintive note, is Columba turtur
; the ringdove
, the largest of
European species, is Columba palumbus
; the Carolina dove
, or Mourning dove
, is Zenaidura macroura
is the little auk (Mergulus alle
or Alle alle
). See Turtledove
, Ground dove
, and Rock pigeon
. The dove is a symbol of peace, innocence,
gentleness, and affection; also, in art and in the
Scriptures, the typical symbol of the Holy Ghost.
2. A word of endearment for one regarded as pure and gentle.
O my dove, . . . let me hear thy voice. --Cant. ii.
3. a person advocating peace, compromise or conciliation
rather than war or conflict. Opposite of hawk
(Zo["o]l.), a mite (Argas reflexus
infests doves and other birds.
, a prostitute. [Slang]