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Definition: Archibuteo ferrugineus
(skw[~e]r"r[e^]l or skw[i^]r"-; 277), n.
[OE. squirel, OF. esquirel, escurel, F. ['e]cureuil, LL.
squirelus, squirolus, scuriolus, dim. of L. sciurus, Gr.
si`oyros; skia` shade + o'yra` tail. Cf. Shine
, v. i.]
1. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of numerous species of small rodents
belonging to the genus Sciurus
and several allied genera
of the family Sciurid[ae]
. Squirrels generally have a
bushy tail, large erect ears, and strong hind legs. They
are commonly arboreal in their habits, but many species
live in burrows.
Note: Among the common North American squirrels are the gray
squirrel (Sciurus Carolinensis
) and its black
variety; the fox, or cat, squirrel (Sciurus cinereus
or Sciurus niger
) which is a large species, and
variable in color, the southern variety being
frequently black, while the northern and western
varieties are usually gray or rusty brown; the red
squirrel (see Chickaree
); the striped, or chipping,
squirrel (see Chipmunk
); and the California gray
squirrel (Sciurus fossor
). Several other species
inhabit Mexico and Central America. The common European
species (Sciurus vulgaris
) has a long tuft of hair on
each ear. The so-called Australian squirrels are
marsupials. See Petaurist
, and Phalanger
2. One of the small rollers of a carding machine which work
with the large cylinder.
(Zo["o]l.), the prairie dog.
(Zo["o]l.), the striped gopher. See
(Zo["o]l.). See Flying squirrel
, in the
. (Zo["o]l.). See Jelerang
(Bot.), a North American herb (Dicentra Canadensis
) bearing little yellow tubers.
(Bot.), the blossom of the Hepatica triloba
a low perennial herb with cup-shaped flowers varying from
purplish blue to pink or even white. It is one of the
earliest flowers of spring.
(a) A sea bass (Serranus fascicularis
) of the Southern
(b) The sailor's choice (Diplodus rhomboides
(c) The redmouth, or grunt.
(d) A market fish of Bermuda (Holocentrum Ascensione
(Bot.), a pestiferous grass (Hordeum murinum
) related to barley. In California the stiffly
awned spikelets work into the wool of sheep, and into the
throat, flesh, and eyes of animals, sometimes even
(Zo["o]l.), a common American hake (Phycis tenuis
); -- called also white hake
(Zo["o]l.), any rough-legged hawk;
especially, the California species Archibuteo ferrugineus
(a) Any one of several species of small, soft-haired South
American monkeys of the genus Callithrix
. They are
noted for their graceful form and agility. See
(b) A marmoset.
(Zo["o]l.), a flying phalanger of
Australia. See Phalanger
, and Flying phalanger
(Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of
East Indian and Asiatic insectivores of the genus
. They are allied to the shrews, but have a bushy
tail, like that of a squirrel.
(Bot.), a grass (Hordeum jubatum
found in salt marshes and along the Great Lakes, having a
dense spike beset with long awns.
, n. (Zo["o]l.)
Any one of several species of large hawks of the genus
, having the legs feathered to the toes. Called
also rough-legged hawk
, and rough-legged buzzard
Note: The best known species is Archibuteo lagopus
Northern Europe, with its darker American variety
). The latter is often nearly or
quite black. The ferruginous roughleg (Archibuteo ferrugineus
) inhabits Western North America.