Found 2 items, similar to ground substance.
English → English
Definition: ground substance
n 1: the body substance in which tissue cells are embedded [syn:
, intercellular substance
2: the clear nongranular portion of the cytoplasm of a cell
English → English
Definition: Ground substance
(ground), n. [OE. ground, grund, AS. grund; akin
to D. grond, OS., G., Sw., & Dan. grund, Icel. grunnr bottom,
Goth. grundus (in composition); perh. orig. meaning, dust,
gravel, and if so perh. akin to E. grind.]
1. The surface of the earth; the outer crust of the globe, or
some indefinite portion of it.
There was not a man to till the ground. --Gen. ii.
The fire ran along upon the ground. --Ex. ix. 23.
Hence: A floor or pavement supposed to rest upon the
2. Any definite portion of the earth's surface; region;
territory; country. Hence: A territory appropriated to, or
resorted to, for a particular purpose; the field or place
of action; as, a hunting or fishing ground; a play ground.
From . . . old Euphrates, to the brook that parts
Egypt from Syrian ground. --Milton.
3. Land; estate; possession; field; esp. (pl.), the gardens,
lawns, fields, etc., belonging to a homestead; as, the
grounds of the estate are well kept.
Thy next design is on thy neighbor's grounds.
4. The basis on which anything rests; foundation. Hence: The
foundation of knowledge, belief, or conviction; a premise,
reason, or datum; ultimate or first principle; cause of
existence or occurrence; originating force or agency; as,
the ground of my hope.
5. (Paint. & Decorative Art)
(a) That surface upon which the figures of a composition
are set, and which relieves them by its plainness,
being either of one tint or of tints but slightly
contrasted with one another; as, crimson Bowers on a
white ground. See Background
(b) In sculpture, a flat surface upon which figures are
raised in relief.
(c) In point lace, the net of small meshes upon which the
embroidered pattern is applied; as, Brussels ground.
See Brussels lace
, under Brussels
6. (Etching) A gummy composition spread over the surface of a
metal to be etched, to prevent the acid from eating except
where an opening is made by the needle.
7. (Arch.) One of the pieces of wood, flush with the
plastering, to which moldings, etc., are attached; --
usually in the plural.
Note: Grounds are usually put up first and the plastering
floated flush with them.
(a) A composition in which the bass, consisting of a few
bars of independent notes, is continually repeated to
a varying melody.
(b) The tune on which descants are raised; the plain song.
On that ground I'll build a holy descant.
9. (Elec.) A conducting connection with the earth, whereby
the earth is made part of an electrical circuit.
10. pl. Sediment at the bottom of liquors or liquids; dregs;
lees; feces; as, coffee grounds.
11. The pit of a theater. [Obs.] --B. Jonson.
, angling with a weighted line without a
(Scots Law), an estate created in land by a
vassal who instead of selling his land outright reserves
an annual ground rent, which becomes a perpetual charge
upon the land.
. (Bot.) See Groutweed
(Mining), a superintendent of mines.
, bits of bread, boiled barley or worms, etc.,
thrown into the water to collect the fish, --Wallon.
or Ground base
(Mus.), fundamental base; a
fundamental base continually repeated to a varied melody.
(Zo["o]l.), one of numerous species of
carnivorous beetles of the family Carabid[ae]
mostly in burrows or under stones, etc.
, a room on the ground floor.
(a) A genus (Physalis
) of herbaceous plants having an
inflated calyx for a seed pod: esp., the strawberry
tomato (Physalis Alkekengi
). See Alkekengl
(b) A European shrub (Prunus Cham[ae]cerasus
small, very acid fruit.
. (Zo["o]l.) See Chaparral cock
. (Bot.) See Lavender cotton
(Zo["o]l.), one of several small American
pigeons of the genus Columbigallina
, esp. C. passerina
of the Southern United States, Mexico, etc. They live
chiefly on the ground.
(Zo["o]l.), any fish which constantly lives on
the botton of the sea, as the sole, turbot, halibut.
, the floor of a house most nearly on a level
with the ground; -- called also in America, but not in
England, the first floor
(Gram.), the stem or basis of a word, to which
the other parts are added in declension or conjugation. It
is sometimes, but not always, the same as the root.
(Bot.), a low slightly thorny, leguminous
shrub (Ononis arvensis
) of Europe and Central Asia,; --
called also rest-harrow
, hares, rabbits, etc., as distinguished from
(Bot.), a perennial herb (Veronica officinalis
) with small blue flowers, common in Europe
and America, formerly thought to have curative properties.
Ground of the heavens
(Astron.), the surface of any part of
the celestial sphere upon which the stars may be regarded
(Bot.), the yew (Taxus baccata
Canadensisi) of eastern North America, distinguished from
that of Europe by its low, straggling stems.
(a) The woodchuck or American marmot (Arctomys monax
(b) The aardvark.
(Naut.), ground tackle. [Obs.] --Spenser.
, ice formed at the bottom of a body of water
before it forms on the surface.
. (Bot.) A trailing plant; alehoof. See Gill
, a joist for a basement or ground floor; a.
(Zo["o]l.), the European pipit. See Pipit
(Bot.). See Trailing arbutus
(Descriptive Geom.), the line of intersection
of the horizontal and vertical planes of projection.
(Bot.), a flowerless plant with a broad
flat forking thallus and the fruit raised on peduncled and
radiated receptacles (Marchantia polymorpha
, in Scotland, the fee paid for interment in a
(Geol.), the fine-grained or glassy base of a
rock, in which distinct crystals of its constituents are
(Zo["o]l.), one of several Australian
parrakeets, of the genera Callipsittacus
, which live mainly upon the ground.
(Zo["o]l.), an insect of the family
), found in ants'
nests in the Bahamas, and having a shelly covering. They
are strung like beads, and made into necklaces by the
(Zo["o]l.), a large, burrowing, African rodent
) about two feet long, allied to
the porcupines but with harsh, bristly hair, and no
spines; -- called also ground rat
(Zo["o]l.), one of numerous species of
pigeons which live largely upon the ground, as the
tooth-billed pigeon (Didunculus strigirostris
), of the
Samoan Islands, and the crowned pigeon, or goura. See
, and Ground dove
(a) A blue-flowered herb of the genus Ajuga
), formerly included in the genus
or germander, and named from its resinous
smell. --Sir J. Hill.
(b) A long, creeping, evergreen plant of the genus
); -- called also club moss
(c) A tree-shaped evergreen plant about eight inches in
height, of the same genus (L. dendroideum
) found in
moist, dark woods in the northern part of the United
(Arch.), a plan of the ground floor of any
building, or of any floor, as distinguished from an
elevation or perpendicular section.
, the horizontal plane of projection in
(a) (Arch.) One of the chief pieces of framing of a
building; a timber laid horizontally on or near the
ground to support the uprights; a ground sill or
(b) (Railroads) A bed plate for sleepers or ties; a
(c) (Teleg.) A metallic plate buried in the earth to
conduct the electric current thereto. Connection to
the pipes of a gas or water main is usual in cities.
, the ground upon which any structure is
erected; hence, any basis or foundation; also, a ground
(Bot.), a leguminous plant (Astragalus caryocarpus
) occurring from the Saskatchewan to Texas,
and having a succulent plum-shaped pod.
. (Zo["o]l.) See Ground pig
, rent paid for the privilege of building on
another man's land.
. (Zo["o]l.) See Chewink
, a room on the ground floor; a lower room.
, the West Indian name for a swell of the ocean,
which occurs in calm weather and without obvious cause,
breaking on the shore in heavy roaring billows; -- called
, and in Jamaica, the North sea
. See Ground plate
(Zo["o]l.), a small burrowing American snake
). It is salmon colored, and has a blunt
(a) One of numerous species of burrowing rodents of the
, having cheek
pouches. The former genus includes the Eastern
striped squirrel or chipmunk and some allied Western
species; the latter includes the prairie squirrel or
striped gopher, the gray gopher, and many allied
Western species. See Chipmunk
, and Gopher
(b) Any species of the African genus Xerus
, allied to
. Same as Ground floor
(Anat.), the intercellular substance, or
matrix, of tissues.
(a) (Bot.) The plant groundsel. [Obs.] --Holland.
(b) A broad, deep swell or undulation of the ocean,
caused by a long continued gale, and felt even at a
remote distance after the gale has ceased.
. (Arch.) See Earth table, under Earth.
(Naut.), the tackle necessary to secure a
vessel at anchor. --Totten.
(Zo["o]l.), one of numerous species of
bright-colored Oriental birds of the family Pittid[ae]
(a) The lowest tier of water casks in a vessel's hold.
(b) The lowest line of articles of any kind stowed in a
(c) The lowest range of boxes in a theater.
(Shipbuilding) the timbers which lie on the
keel and are bolted to the keelson; floor timbers.
. (Zo["o]l.) See Ground wren
, that wheel of a harvester, mowing machine,
etc., which, rolling on the ground, drives the mechanism.
(Zo["o]l.), a small California bird (Cham[ae]a fasciata
) allied to the wrens and titmice. It inhabits
the arid plains. Called also ground tit
, and wren tit
To bite the ground
, To break ground
. See under Bite
To come to the ground
, To fall to the ground
, to come to
nothing; to fail; to miscarry.
To gain ground
(a) To advance; to proceed forward in conflict; as, an
army in battle gains ground.
(b) To obtain an advantage; to have some success; as, the
army gains ground on the enemy.
(c) To gain credit; to become more prosperous or
To get ground
, or To gather ground
, to gain ground. [R.]
“Evening mist . . . gathers ground fast.”
There is no way for duty to prevail, and get ground
of them, but by bidding higher. --South.
To give ground
, to recede; to yield advantage.
These nine . . . began to give me ground. --Shak.
To lose ground
, to retire; to retreat; to withdraw from the
position taken; hence, to lose advantage; to lose credit
or reputation; to decline. -- To stand one's ground
stand firm; to resist attack or encroachment.
--Atterbury.To take the ground
to touch bottom or become
stranded; -- said of a ship.