Found 2 items, similar to brain coral.
English → English
Definition: brain coral
n : massive reef-building coral having a convoluted and furrowed
English → English
Definition: Brain coral
, n. [Of. coral, F, corail, L. corallum, coralium,
fr. Gr. kora`llion.]
1. (Zo["o]l.) The hard parts or skeleton of various Anthozoa,
and of a few Hydrozoa. Similar structures are also formed
by some Bryozoa.
Note: The large stony corals forming coral reefs belong to
various genera of Madreporaria
, and to the hydroid
. The red coral, used in jewelry, is
the stony axis of the stem of a gorgonian (Corallium rubrum
) found chiefly in the Mediterranean. The fan corals
, plume corals
, and sea feathers
, in which the axis is horny.
Organ-pipe coral is formed by the genus Tubipora
Alcyonarian, and black coral
is in part the axis of
species of the genus Antipathes
. See Anthozoa
2. The ovaries of a cooked lobster; -- so called from their
3. A piece of coral, usually fitted with small bells and
other appurtenances, used by children as a plaything.
, or Brain stone coral
. See under Brain
. See under Chain
(Zo["o]l.), one of the polyps by which corals
are formed. They are often very erroneously called coral insects
. See in the Vocabulary.
(Phys. Geog.), reefs, often of great extent,
made up chiefly of fragments of corals, coral sands, and
the solid limestone resulting from their consolidation.
They are classed as fringing reefs
, when they border the
land; barrier reefs
, when separated from the shore by a
broad belt of water; atolls
, when they constitute
separate islands, usually inclosing a lagoon. See Atoll
(Bot.), a genus (Corallorhiza
) of orchideous
plants, of a yellowish or brownish red color, parasitic on
roots of other plants, and having curious jointed or
knotted roots not unlike some kinds of coral. See Illust.
(a) A small, venomous, Brazilian snake (Elaps corallinus)
, coral-red, with black bands.
(b) A small, harmless, South American snake (Tortrix scytale
(Bot.), a tropical, leguminous plant, of several
species, with showy, scarlet blossoms and coral-red seeds.
The best known is Erythrina Corallodendron
, a hard, red cabinet wood. --McElrath.
(br[=a]n), n. [OE. brain, brein, AS. bragen,
br[ae]gen; akin to LG. br["a]gen, bregen, D. brein, and perh.
to Gr. bre`gma, brechmo`s, the upper part of head, if [beta]
= [phi]. [root]95.]
1. (Anat.) The whitish mass of soft matter (the center of the
nervous system, and the seat of consciousness and
volition) which is inclosed in the cartilaginous or bony
cranium of vertebrate animals. It is simply the anterior
termination of the spinal cord, and is developed from
three embryonic vesicles, whose cavities are connected
with the central canal of the cord; the cavities of the
vesicles become the central cavities, or ventricles, and
the walls thicken unequally and become the three segments,
the fore-, mid-, and hind-brain.
Note: In the brain of man the cerebral lobes, or largest part
of the forebrain, are enormously developed so as to
overhang the cerebellum, the great lobe of the
hindbrain, and completely cover the lobes of the
midbrain. The surface of the cerebrum is divided into
irregular ridges, or convolutions, separated by grooves
(the so-called fissures and sulci), and the two
hemispheres are connected at the bottom of the
longitudinal fissure by a great transverse band of
nervous matter, the corpus callosum, while the two
halves of the cerebellum are connected on the under
side of the brain by the bridge, or pons Varolii.
2. (Zo["o]l.) The anterior or cephalic ganglion in insects
and other invertebrates.
3. The organ or seat of intellect; hence, the understanding;
as, use your brains. “ My brain is too dull.”
Note: In this sense, often used in the plural.
4. The affections; fancy; imagination. [R.] --Shak.
5. a very intelligent person. [informal]
6. the controlling electronic mechanism for a robot, guided
missile, computer, or other device exhibiting some degree
of self-regulation. [informal]
To have on the brain
, to have constantly in one's thoughts,
as a sort of monomania. [Low]
a decision requiring little or no thought; an
obvious choice. [slang]
or Brain case
, the bony or cartilaginous case
inclosing the brain.
, Brain stone coral
(Zo["o]l), a massive
reef-building coral having the surface covered by ridges
separated by furrows so as to resemble somewhat the
surface of the brain, esp. such corals of the genera
(Med.), brain weariness. See Cerebropathy
(Med.), fever in which the brain is specially
affected; any acute cerebral affection attended by fever.
, calcareous matter found in the pineal gland.