Found 2 items, similar to White lead.
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Definition: white lead
n : a poisonous lead-containing white pigment [syn: lead carbonate
English → English
Definition: White lead
(l[e^]d), n. [OE. led, leed, lead, AS. le['a]d; akin
to D. lood, MHG. l[=o]t, G. loth plummet, sounding lead,
small weight, Sw. & Dan. lod. [root]123.]
1. (Chem.) One of the elements, a heavy, pliable, inelastic
metal, having a bright, bluish color, but easily
tarnished. It is both malleable and ductile, though with
little tenacity, and is used for tubes, sheets, bullets,
etc. Its specific gravity is 11.37. It is easily fusible
(melting point 327.5[deg] C), forms alloys with other
metals, and is an ingredient of solder and type metal.
Atomic number 82. Atomic weight, 207.2. Symbol Pb (L.
Plumbum). It is chiefly obtained from the mineral galena,
2. An article made of lead or an alloy of lead; as:
(a) A plummet or mass of lead, used in sounding at sea.
(b) (Print.) A thin strip of type metal, used to separate
lines of type in printing.
(c) Sheets or plates of lead used as a covering for roofs;
hence, pl., a roof covered with lead sheets or terne
I would have the tower two stories, and goodly
leads upon the top. --Bacon
3. A small cylinder of black lead or graphite, used in
, graphite or plumbago; -- so called from its
leadlike appearance and streak. [Colloq.]
, a sounding lead intermediate in weight
between a hand lead and deep-sea lead.
, the heaviest of sounding leads, used in
water exceeding a hundred fathoms in depth. --Ham. Nav.
, a small lead use for sounding in shallow water.
, Kremnitz lead
[so called from Krems or
Kremnitz, in Austria], a pure variety of white lead,
formed into tablets, and called also Krems white
, and Vienna white
, tallow put in the hollow of a sounding lead.
See To arm the lead
. See under Colic
, a deep bluish gray color, like tarnished lead.
. (Min.) Same as Galena
(a) (Med.) A dark line along the gums produced by a
deposit of metallic lead, due to lead poisoning.
(b) (Naut.) A sounding line.
, a leaden polishing wheel, used by lapidaries.
(Min.), a massive sulphur-yellow oxide of lead.
Same as Massicot
, a pencil of which the marking material is
graphite (black lead).
(Bot.), a low leguminous plant, genus Amorpha
), found in the Northwestern United
States, where its presence is supposed to indicate lead
(a) (Bot.) A West Indian name for the tropical, leguminous
tree, Leuc[ae]na glauca
; -- probably so called from
the glaucous color of the foliage.
(b) (Chem.) Lead crystallized in arborescent forms from a
solution of some lead salt, as by suspending a strip
of zinc in lead acetate.
, a miner's term for blende.
, a scarlet, crystalline, granular powder,
consisting of minium when pure, but commonly containing
several of the oxides of lead. It is used as a paint or
cement and also as an ingredient of flint glass.
Red lead ore
Sugar of lead
, acetate of lead.
To arm the lead
, to fill the hollow in the bottom of a
sounding lead with tallow in order to discover the nature
of the bottom by the substances adhering. --Ham. Nav.
To cast the lead
, or To heave the lead
, to cast the
sounding lead for ascertaining the depth of water.
, hydrated carbonate of lead, obtained as a
white, amorphous powder, and much used as an ingredient of
(hw[imac]t), a. [Compar. Whiter
(hw[imac]t"[~e]r); superl. Whitest
.] [OE. whit, AS.
hw[imac]t; akin to OFries. and OS. hw[=i]t, D. wit, G. weiss,
OHG. w[=i]z, hw[=i]z, Icel. hv[=i]tr, Sw. hvit, Dan. hvid,
Goth. hweits, Lith. szveisti, to make bright, Russ. sviet'
light, Skr. [,c]v[=e]ta white, [,c]vit to be bright.
[root]42. Cf. Wheat
1. Reflecting to the eye all the rays of the spectrum
combined; not tinted with any of the proper colors or
their mixtures; having the color of pure snow; snowy; --
the opposite of black
; as, white paper; a
white skin. “Pearls white.”
White as the whitest lily on a stream. --Longfellow.
2. Destitute of color, as in the cheeks, or of the tinge of
blood color; pale; pallid; as, white with fear.
Or whispering with white lips, “The foe!
They come! they come!”
3. Having the color of purity; free from spot or blemish, or
from guilt or pollution; innocent; pure.
White as thy fame, and as thy honor clear. --Dryden.
No whiter page than Addison's remains. --Pope.
4. Gray, as from age; having silvery hair; hoary.
Your high engendered battles 'gainst a head
So old and white as this. --Shak.
5. Characterized by freedom from that which disturbs, and the
like; fortunate; happy; favorable.
On the whole, however, the dominie reckoned this as
one of the white days of his life. --Sir W.
6. Regarded with especial favor; favorite; darling.
Come forth, my white spouse. --Chaucer.
I am his white boy, and will not be gullet. --Ford.
Note: White is used in many self-explaining compounds, as
white-backed, white-bearded, white-footed.
. (Bot.) See Sweet pepper bush
(Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of social
pseudoneuropterous insects of the genus Termes
insects are very abundant in tropical countries, and form
large and complex communities consisting of numerous
asexual workers of one or more kinds, of large-headed
asexual individuals called soldiers, of one or more queens
(or fertile females) often having the body enormously
distended by the eggs, and, at certain seasons of numerous
winged males, together with the larv[ae] and pup[ae] of
each kind in various stages of development. Many of the
species construct large and complicated nests, sometimes
in the form of domelike structures rising several feet
above the ground and connected with extensive subterranean
galleries and chambers. In their social habits they
closely resemble the true ants. They feed upon animal and
vegetable substances of various kinds, including timber,
and are often very destructive to buildings and furniture.
(Chem.), arsenious oxide, As2O3
substance of a white color, and vitreous adamantine
luster, having an astringent, sweetish taste. It is a
(Zo["o]l.), a fresh-water North American bass
) found in the Great Likes.
(Zo["o]l.), the polar bear. See under Polar
White blood cell
. (Physiol.) See Leucocyte
(Zo["o]l.), the snow goose.
, a white alloy of copper; white copper.
(a) A kind of catchfly (Silene stellata
) with white
(b) A white-flowered Lychnis (Lychnis vespertina
(R. C. Ch.), a Premonstratensian.
, the members of a secret organization in various
of the United States, who attempt to drive away or reform
obnoxious persons by lynch-law methods. They appear masked
in white. Their actions resembled those of the Ku Klux
Klan in some ways but they were not formally affiliated
with the Klan, and their victims were often not black.
(Bot.), an evergreen tree of North America
), also the related Cupressus thyoides
, or Cham[ae]cyparis sph[ae]roidea
, a slender
evergreen conifer which grows in the so-called cedar
swamps of the Northern and Atlantic States. Both are much
valued for their durable timber. In California the name is
given to the Libocedrus decurrens
, the timber of which
is also useful, though often subject to dry rot.
--Goodale. The white cedar of Demerara, Guiana, etc., is a
lofty tree (Icica altissima
syn. Bursera altissima
whose fragrant wood is used for canoes and cabinetwork, as
it is not attacked by insect.
. (Physiol.) See Leucocyte
(Bot.), a species of small perennial clover
bearing white flowers. It furnishes excellent food for
cattle and horses, as well as for the honeybee. See also
, a whitish alloy of copper. See German silver
, under German
(Min.), a native hydrous sulphate of iron;
(Zo["o]l.), an ornamental branched coral
) native of the Mediterranean.
. (Physiol.) See Leucocyte
(Zo["o]l.), the tree cricket.
, a crop of grain which loses its green color, or
becomes white, in ripening, as wheat, rye, barley, and
oats, as distinguished from a green crop, or a root crop.
(Bot.), a variety of the common red currant,
having white berries.
(Bot.), the oxeye daisy. See under Daisy
, a kind of poisonous gas encountered in coal
(a) a whitish, or albino, variety of the Asiatic elephant.
(b) see white elephant
in the vocabulary.
(Bot.), a majestic tree of North America (Ulmus Americana
), the timber of which is much used for hubs of
wheels, and for other purposes.
. See Saint George's ensign
, under Saint
, a mark or symbol of cowardice. See To show the white feather
, under Feather
(Bot.), a name given to several coniferous trees
of the Pacific States, as Abies grandis
, and Abies concolor
(Zo["o]l.), the ruffed grouse. See under
. See Hoarfrost
(Zo["o]l.), the white ptarmigan.
(Bot.), an American grass (Leersia Virginica
with greenish-white pale[ae].
(a) The white ptarmigan.
(b) The prairie chicken. [Local, U. S.]
(Zo["o]l.), the larva of the June bug and other
allied species. These grubs eat the roots of grasses and
other plants, and often do much damage.
(Zo["o]l.), the squirrel hake. See under
, or White kite
(Zo["o]l.), the hen harrier.
, the temperature at which bodies become
incandescent, and appear white from the bright light which
(Bot.), a plant of the genus Veratrum
) See Hellebore
, a fresh, or unsmoked, herring, as
distinguished from a red, or cured, herring. [R.] --Shak.
(Zo["o]l.), the barn owl. [Prov. Eng.]
(Naut.), white-topped waves; whitecaps.
The White House
. See under House
(Zo["o]l.), an American ibis (Guara alba
having the plumage pure white, except the tips of the
wings, which are black. It inhabits tropical America and
the Southern United States. Called also Spanish curlew
(a) Thin sheets of iron coated with tin; tinned iron.
(b) A hard, silvery-white cast iron containing a large
proportion of combined carbon.
White iron pyrites
, a tough clayey soil, of a whitish hue when dry,
but blackish after rain. [Eng.]
(Zo["o]l.), the snow bunting.
(a) A carbonate of lead much used in painting, and for
other purposes; ceruse.
(b) (Min.) Native lead carbonate; cerusite.
, buff leather; leather tanned with alum and
(Med.), milk leg. See under Milk
(Bot.), rattlesnake root. See under
. See under Lie
(a) (Physics) Light having the different colors in the
same proportion as in the light coming directly from
the sun, without having been decomposed, as by passing
through a prism. See the Note under Color
, n., 1.
(b) A kind of firework which gives a brilliant white
illumination for signals, etc.
, a solution or preparation of lime for
(Print.), a void space of the breadth of a line,
on a printed page; a blank line.
(a) Any light-colored flesh, especially of poultry.
(b) Food made from milk or eggs, as butter, cheese, etc.
Driving their cattle continually with them, and
feeding only upon their milk and white meats.
(Zo["o]l.), the smew.
(a) Any one of several white alloys, as pewter, britannia,
(b) (Metal.) A fine grade of copper sulphide obtained at a
certain stage in copper smelting.
(a) The common clothes moth.
(b) A common American bombycid moth (Spilosoma Virginica
) which is pure white with a few small black
spots; -- called also ermine moth
, and virgin moth
. See Woolly bear
, under Woolly
, silver money.
(Zo["o]l.), the albino variety of the common
(Zo["o]l.), a silvery mullet (Mugil curema
ranging from the coast of the United States to Brazil; --
called also blue-back mullet
, and liza
(Zo["o]l.), the smew; -- so called from the white
crest and the band of black feathers on the back of its
head, which give the appearance of a hood.
. (Bot.) See under Oak
(a) The snowy owl.
(b) The barn owl.
(Zo["o]l.), the white ptarmigan.
(a) A North American fresh-water bass (Morone Americana
valued as a food fish.
(b) The croaker, or fresh-water drum.
(c) Any California surf fish.
. (Bot.) See the Note under Pine
(Bot.), a European tree (Populus alba
cultivated as a shade tree in America; abele.
(Bot.), the opium-yielding poppy. See Poppy
, a kind of gunpowder formerly believed to
exist, and to have the power of exploding without noise.
A pistol charged with white powder. --Beau. & Fl.
. (Old Chem.) See under Precipitate
(a) The American northern hare in its winter pelage.
(b) An albino rabbit.
(a) (Eng. Law) Formerly, rent payable in silver; --
opposed to black rent. See Blackmail
, n., 3.
(b) A rent, or duty, of eight pence, payable yearly by
every tinner in Devon and Cornwall to the Duke of
Cornwall, as lord of the soil. [Prov. Eng.]
(a) The one-horned, or Indian, rhinoceros (Rhinoceros Indicus
). See Rhinoceros
(b) The umhofo.
, the distinctive badge of certain
organizations for the promotion of temperance or of moral
purity; as, the White-ribbon Army.
(Naut.), untarred hemp rope.
(a) Either of several plants, as marsh pennywort and
butterwort, which were thought to produce the disease
called rot in sheep.
(b) A disease of grapes. See White rot
, under Rot
(Bot.), a white, woolly undershrub (Eurotia lanata
) of Western North America; -- called also winter fat
(Zo["o]l.), the silver salmon.
, salt dried and calcined; decrepitated salt.
(Zo["o]l.), a scale insect (Aspidiotus Nerii
injurious to the orange tree. See Orange scale
(Zo["o]l.), a species of man-eating shark. See
. (Med.) See Softening of the brain
. (Bot.) See Spruce
, n., 1.
(Naut.), a sudden gust of wind, or furious
blow, which comes up without being marked in its approach
otherwise than by whitecaps, or white, broken water, on
the surface of the sea.
, the badge of the lord high treasurer of
(Zo["o]l.), the common European stork.
. (Zo["o]l.) See Shovelnose
(a) The common sucker.
(b) The common red horse (Moxostoma macrolepidotum
(Med.), a chronic swelling of the knee,
produced by a strumous inflammation of the synovial
membranes of the kneejoint and of the cancellar texture of
the end of the bone forming the kneejoint; -- applied also
to a lingering chronic swelling of almost any kind.
. See Tombac
(Zo["o]l.), the white weakfish, or silver
squeteague (Cynoscion nothus
), of the Southern United
(Chem.), hydrous sulphate of zinc. See White vitriol
, under Vitriol
(Zo["o]l.), the common, or pied, wagtail.
, beeswax rendered white by bleaching.
(Zo["o]l.), the beluga.
(Zo["o]l.), the smew.
. any wine of a clear, transparent color,
bordering on white, as Madeira, sherry, Lisbon, etc.; --
distinguished from wines of a deep red color, as port and
Burgundy. “White wine of Lepe.”
, a witch or wizard whose supernatural powers
are supposed to be exercised for good and beneficent
purposes. --Addison. --Cotton Mather.
(a) A light-colored wolf (Canis laniger
) native of
Thibet; -- called also chanco
, golden wolf
(b) The albino variety of the gray wolf.
(Zo["o]l.), the willow warbler; -- so called
from the color of the under parts.