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Found 2 items, similar to Vertical circle.

**English → English** (WordNet)
Definition: vertical circle
vertical circle
n : a great circle on the celestial sphere passing through the
zenith and perpendicular to the horizon

**English → English** (gcide)
Definition: Vertical circle
Vertical *\Ver"ti*cal\*, a. [Cf. F. vertical. See Vertex.]
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1. Of or pertaining to the vertex; situated at the vertex, or
highest point; directly overhead, or in the zenith;
perpendicularly above one.
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Charity . . . is the vertical top of all religion.
--Jer. Taylor.
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2. Perpendicular to the plane of the horizon; upright; plumb;
as, a vertical line.
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Vertical angle (Astron. & Geod.), an angle measured on a
vertical circle, called an angle of elevation, or
altitude, when reckoned from the horizon upward, and of
depression when downward below the horizon.
Vertical anthers (Bot.), such anthers as stand erect at the
top of the filaments.
Vertical circle (Astron.), an azimuth circle. See under
Azimuth.
Vertical drill, an drill. See under Upright.
Vertical fire (Mil.), the fire, as of mortars, at high
angles of elevation.
Vertical leaves (Bot.), leaves which present their edges to
the earth and the sky, and their faces to the horizon, as
in the Australian species of Eucalyptus.
Vertical limb, a graduated arc attached to an instrument,
as a theodolite, for measuring vertical angles.
Vertical line.
(a) (Dialing) A line perpendicular to the horizon.
(b) (Conic Sections) A right line drawn on the vertical
plane, and passing through the vertex of the cone.
(c) (Surv.) The direction of a plumb line; a line normal
to the surface of still water.
(d) (Geom., Drawing, etc.) A line parallel to the sides of
a page or sheet, in distinction from a horizontal line
parallel to the top or bottom.
Vertical plane.
(a) (Conic Sections) A plane passing through the vertex of
a cone, and through its axis.
(b) (Projections) Any plane which passes through a
vertical line.
(c) (Persp.) The plane passing through the point of sight,
and perpendicular to the ground plane, and also to the
picture.
Vertical sash, a sash sliding up and down. Cf. French sash
, under 3d Sash.
Vertical steam engine, a steam engine having the crank
shaft vertically above or below a vertical cylinder.
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Azimuth *\Az"i*muth\*, n. [OE. azimut, F. azimut, fr. Ar.
as-sum?t, pl. of as-samt a way, or perh., a point of the
horizon and a circle extending to it from the zenith, as
being the Arabic article: cf. It. azzimutto, Pg. azimuth, and
Ar. samt-al-r[=a]'s the vertex of the heaven. Cf. Zenith.]
(Astron. & Geodesy)
(a) The quadrant of an azimuth circle.
(b) An arc of the horizon intercepted between the meridian
of the place and a vertical circle passing through the
center of any object; as, the azimuth of a star; the
azimuth or bearing of a line surveying.
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Note: In trigonometrical surveying, it is customary to reckon
the azimuth of a line from the south point of the
horizon around by the west from 0[deg] to 360[deg].
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Azimuth circle, or Vertical circle, one of the great
circles of the sphere intersecting each other in the
zenith and nadir, and cutting the horizon at right angles.
--Hutton.
Azimuth compass, a compass resembling the mariner's
compass, but having the card divided into degrees instead
of rhumbs, and having vertical sights; used for taking the
magnetic azimuth of a heavenly body, in order to find, by
comparison with the true azimuth, the variation of the
needle.
Azimuth dial, a dial whose stile or gnomon is at right
angles to the plane of the horizon. --Hutton.
Magnetic azimuth, an arc of the horizon, intercepted
between the vertical circle passing through any object and
the magnetic meridian. This is found by observing the
object with an azimuth compass.
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Circle *\Cir"cle\* (s[~e]r"k'l), n. [OE. cercle, F. cercle, fr. L.
circulus (Whence also AS. circul), dim. of circus circle,
akin to Gr. kri`kos, ki`rkos, circle, ring. Cf. Circus,
Circum-.]
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1. A plane figure, bounded by a single curve line called its
circumference, every part of which is equally distant from
a point within it, called the center.
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2. The line that bounds such a figure; a circumference; a
ring.
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3. (Astron.) An instrument of observation, the graduated limb
of which consists of an entire circle.
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Note: When it is fixed to a wall in an observatory, it is
called a mural circle; when mounted with a telescope
on an axis and in Y's, in the plane of the meridian, a
meridian circle or transit circle; when involving
the principle of reflection, like the sextant, a
reflecting circle; and when that of repeating an
angle several times continuously along the graduated
limb, a repeating circle.
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4. A round body; a sphere; an orb.
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It is he that sitteth upon the circle of the earth.
--Is. xi. 22.
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5. Compass; circuit; inclosure.
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In the circle of this forest. --Shak.
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6. A company assembled, or conceived to assemble, about a
central point of interest, or bound by a common tie; a
class or division of society; a coterie; a set.
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As his name gradually became known, the circle of
his acquaintance widened. --Macaulay.
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7. A circular group of persons; a ring.
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8. A series ending where it begins, and repeating itself.
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Thus in a circle runs the peasant's pain. --Dryden.
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9. (Logic) A form of argument in which two or more unproved
statements are used to prove each other; inconclusive
reasoning.
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That heavy bodies descend by gravity; and, again,
that gravity is a quality whereby a heavy body
descends, is an impertinent circle and teaches
nothing. --Glanvill.
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10. Indirect form of words; circumlocution. [R.]
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Has he given the lie,
In circle, or oblique, or semicircle. --J.
Fletcher.
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11. A territorial division or district.
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Note:
The Circles of the Holy Roman Empire, ten in number, were
those principalities or provinces which had seats in the
German Diet.
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Azimuth circle. See under Azimuth.
Circle of altitude (Astron.), a circle parallel to the
horizon, having its pole in the zenith; an almucantar.
Circle of curvature. See Osculating circle of a curve
(Below).
Circle of declination. See under Declination.
Circle of latitude.
(a) (Astron.) A great circle perpendicular to the plane
of the ecliptic, passing through its poles.
(b) (Spherical Projection) A small circle of the sphere
whose plane is perpendicular to the axis.
Circles of longitude, lesser circles parallel to the
ecliptic, diminishing as they recede from it.
Circle of perpetual apparition, at any given place, the
boundary of that space around the elevated pole, within
which the stars never set. Its distance from the pole is
equal to the latitude of the place.
Circle of perpetual occultation, at any given place, the
boundary of the space around the depressed pole, within
which the stars never rise.
Circle of the sphere, a circle upon the surface of the
sphere, called a great circle when its plane passes
through the center of the sphere; in all other cases, a
small circle.
Diurnal circle. See under Diurnal.
Dress circle, a gallery in a theater, generally the one
containing the prominent and more expensive seats.
Druidical circles (Eng. Antiq.), a popular name for certain
ancient inclosures formed by rude stones circularly
arranged, as at Stonehenge, near Salisbury.
Family circle, a gallery in a theater, usually one
containing inexpensive seats.
Horary circles (Dialing), the lines on dials which show the
hours.
Osculating circle of a curve (Geom.), the circle which
touches the curve at some point in the curve, and close to
the point more nearly coincides with the curve than any
other circle. This circle is used as a measure of the
curvature of the curve at the point, and hence is called
circle of curvature.
Pitch circle. See under Pitch.
Vertical circle, an azimuth circle.
Voltaic circuit or Voltaic circle. See under Circuit.
To square the circle. See under Square.
Syn: Ring; circlet; compass; circuit; inclosure.
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