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Definition: Tripsacum dactyloides
Gama grass \Ga"ma grass`\
[From Gama, a cluster of the Maldive
A species of grass (Tripsacum dactyloides
) tall, stout, and
exceedingly productive; cultivated in the West Indies,
Mexico, and the Southern States of North America as a forage
grass; -- called also sesame grass
, n. [OE. gras, gres, gers, AS, gr[ae]s, g[ae]rs;
akin to OFries. gres, gers, OS., D., G., Icel., & Goth. gras,
Dan. gr[ae]s, Sw. gr[aum]s, and prob. to E. green, grow. Cf.
1. Popularly: Herbage; the plants which constitute the food
of cattle and other beasts; pasture.
2. (Bot.) An endogenous plant having simple leaves, a stem
generally jointed and tubular, the husks or glumes in
pairs, and the seed single.
Note: This definition includes wheat, rye, oats, barley,
etc., and excludes clover and some other plants which
are commonly called by the name of grass. The grasses
form a numerous family of plants.
3. The season of fresh grass; spring. [Colloq.]
Two years old next grass. --Latham.
4. Metaphorically used for what is transitory.
Surely the people is grass. --Is. xl. 7.
Note: The following list includes most of the grasses of the
United States of special interest, except cereals. Many
of these terms will be found with definitions in the
Vocabulary. See Illustrations in Appendix. Barnyard
grass, for hay. South. Panicum Grus-galli
pasture and hay. Agrostis
, several species. Bermuda
grass, pasture. South. Cynodon Dactylon
. Black bent.
Same as Switch grass
(below). Blue bent, hay. North
and West. Andropogon provincialis
. Blue grass,
pasture. Poa compressa
. Blue joint, hay. Northwest.
. Buffalo grass, grazing. Rocky
(a) Buchlo["e] dectyloides
(b) Same as Grama grass
(below). Bunch grass, grazing.
Far West. Eriocoma
, etc. Chess,
or Cheat, a weed. Bromus secalinus
, etc. Couch
grass. Same as Quick grass
(below). Crab grass,
(a) Hay, in South. A weed, in North. Panicum sanguinale
(b) Pasture and hay. South. Eleusine Indica
(a) Bearded, a noxious weed. Lolium temulentum
(b) Common. Same as Rye grass
(below). Drop seed, fair
for forage and hay. Muhlenbergia
, several species.
English grass. Same as Redtop (below). Fowl meadow
(a) Pasture and hay. Poa serotina
(b) Hay, on moist land. Gryceria nervata
. Gama grass,
cut fodder. South. Tripsacum dactyloides
grass, grazing. West and Pacific slope. Bouteloua oligostachya
, etc. Great bunch grass, pasture and
hay. Far West. Festuca scabrella
. Guinea grass, hay.
South. Panicum jumentorum
. Herd's grass, in New
England Timothy, in Pennsylvania and South Redtop.
Indian grass. Same as Wood grass
rye grass, forage and hay. Lolium Italicum
grass, grazing and hay. South and Southwest. Sorghum Halepense
. Kentucky blue grass, pasture. Poa pratensis
. Lyme grass, coarse hay. South. Elymus
several species. Manna grass, pasture and hay.
, several species. Meadow fescue, pasture
and hay. Festuca elatior
. Meadow foxtail, pasture,
hay, lawn. North. Alopecurus pratensis
grass, pasture, hay, lawn. Poa
, several species.
Mesquite grass, or Muskit grass. Same as Grama grass
(above). Nimble Will, a kind of drop seed.
. Orchard grass, pasture and hay.
. Porcupine grass, troublesome to
sheep. Northwest. Stipa spartea
. Quaking grass,
ornamental. Briza media
. Quitch, or
Quick, grass, etc., a weed. Agropyrum repens
grass. Same as Rye grass
(below). Redtop, pasture
and hay. Agrostis vulgaris
. Red-topped buffalo
grass, forage. Northwest. Poa tenuifolia
canary grass, of slight value. Phalaris arundinacea
Reed meadow grass, hay. North. Glyceria aquatica
Ribbon grass, a striped leaved form of Reed canary grass
. Rye grass, pasture, hay. Lolium perenne
var. Seneca grass, fragrant basket work, etc. North.
. Sesame grass. Same as Gama grass
(above). Sheep's fescue, sheep pasture, native
in Northern Europe and Asia. Festuca ovina
reed grass, meadow pasture and hay. North. Deyeuxia Canadensis
. Spear grass, Same as Meadow grass
(above). Squirrel-tail grass, troublesome to animals.
Seacoast and Northwest. Hordeum jubatum
grass, hay, cut young. Panicum virgatum
cut young, the best of hay. North. Phleum pratense
Velvet grass, hay on poor soil. South. Holcus lanatus
. Vernal grass, pasture, hay, lawn.
. Wire grass, valuable in
pastures. Poa compressa
. Wood grass, Indian grass,
hay. Chrysopogon nutans
Note: Many plants are popularly called grasses which are not
true grasses botanically considered, such as black
grass, goose grass, star grass, etc.
, a kind of small rush (Juncus Gerardi
growing in salt marshes, used for making salt hay.
Grass of the Andes
, an oat grass, the Arrhenatherum avenaceum
Grass of Parnassus
, a plant of the genus Parnassia
growing in wet ground. The European species is Parnassia palustris
; in the United States there are several
(Zo["o]l.), the calico bass.
, the dunlin.
, a cloth woven from the tough fibers of the
, a perennial herb of the Nettle family
syn. Urtica nivea
), which grows in
Sumatra, China, and Assam, whose inner bark has fine and
strong fibers suited for textile purposes.
(a) A common American sparrow (Po["o]c[ae]tes gramineus
); -- called also vesper sparrow
(b) Any Australian finch, of the genus Po["e]phila
which several species are known.
, a lamb suckled by a dam running on pasture land
and giving rich milk.
, land kept in grass and not tilled.
(Zo["o]l.), one of many small moths of the genus
, found in grass.
, a fragrant essential volatile oil, obtained in
India from grasses of the genus Andropogon
, etc.; --
used in perfumery under the name of citronella
, ginger grass oil
, lemon grass oil
, essence of verbena
(Zo["o]l.), a South African owl (Strix Capensis
(Zo["o]l.), any of several species of
Australian parrots, of the genus Euphemia
; -- also
applied to the zebra parrakeet.
(Zo["o]l.), the upland or field plover.
(Bot.), a species of willowwort (Lythrum Hyssopifolia
(Zo["o]l.), one of several tropical American
finches of the genus Euetheia
. The males have most of
the head and chest black and often marked with yellow.
(a) The common English, or ringed, snake (Tropidonotus natrix
(b) The common green snake of the Northern United States.
See Green snake
, under Green
(Zo["o]l.), the pectoral sandpiper (Tringa maculata
); -- called also jacksnipe
(Zo["o]l.), a common spider (Agelena n[ae]via
), which spins flat webs on grass, conspicuous
when covered with dew.
(Zo["o]l.), an inferior kind of commercial
sponge from Florida and the Bahamas.
. (Arch.) See Earth table
, under Earth
(Bot.), a vetch (Lathyrus Nissolia
narrow grasslike leaves.
. [Cf. Prov. R. an unmarried mother, G.
strohwittwe a mock widow, Sw. gr["a]senka a grass widow.]
(a) An unmarried woman who is a mother. [Obs.]
(b) A woman separated from her husband by abandonment or
prolonged absence; a woman living apart from her
To bring to grass
(Mining.), to raise, as ore, to the
surface of the ground.
To put to grass
, To put out to grass
, to put out to graze
a season, as cattle.