Found 1 items, similar to Shoulder-of-mutton sail.
English → English
Definition: Shoulder-of-mutton sail
, n. [OE. shulder, shuldre, schutder, AS.
sculdor; akin to D. schoulder, G. schulter, OHG. scultarra,
Dan. skulder, Sw. skuldra.]
1. (Anat.) The joint, or the region of the joint, by which
the fore limb is connected with the body or with the
shoulder girdle; the projection formed by the bones and
muscles about that joint.
2. The flesh and muscles connected with the shoulder joint;
the upper part of the back; that part of the human frame
on which it is most easy to carry a heavy burden; -- often
used in the plural.
Then by main force pulled up, and on his shoulders
The gates of Azza. --Milton.
Adown her shoulders fell her length of hair.
3. Fig.: That which supports or sustains; support.
In thy shoulder do I build my seat. --Shak.
4. That which resembles a human shoulder, as any protuberance
or projection from the body of a thing.
The north western shoulder of the mountain. --Sir W.
5. The upper joint of the fore leg and adjacent parts of an
animal, dressed for market; as, a shoulder of mutton.
6. (Fort.) The angle of a bastion included between the face
and flank. See Illust. of Bastion
7. An abrupt projection which forms an abutment on an object,
or limits motion, etc., as the projection around a tenon
at the end of a piece of timber, the part of the top of a
type which projects beyond the base of the raised
, a belt that passes across the shoulder.
(Anat.), the flat bone of the shoulder, to
which the humerus is articulated; the scapula.
(Naut.), a block with a projection, or
shoulder, near the upper end, so that it can rest against
a spar without jamming the rope.
, one who claps another on the shoulder, or
who uses great familiarity. [Obs.] --Shak.
. (Anat.) See Pectoral girdle
, an ornamental knot of ribbon or lace worn on
the shoulder; a kind of epaulet or braided ornament worn
as part of a military uniform.
(Naut.), a triangular sail carried
on a boat's mast; -- so called from its shape.
, dislocation of the shoulder, or of the
, a strap worn on or over the shoulder.
Specifically (Mil. & Naval), a narrow strap worn on the
shoulder of a commissioned officer, indicating, by a
suitable device, the rank he holds in the service. See
Illust. in App.
, n. [OE. seil, AS. segel, segl; akin to D. zeil,
OHG. segal, G. & Sw. segel, Icel. segl, Dan. seil. [root]
1. An extent of canvas or other fabric by means of which the
wind is made serviceable as a power for propelling vessels
through the water.
Behoves him now both sail and oar. --Milton.
2. Anything resembling a sail, or regarded as a sail.
3. A wing; a van. [Poetic]
Like an eagle soaring
To weather his broad sails. --Spenser.
4. The extended surface of the arm of a windmill.
5. A sailing vessel; a vessel of any kind; a craft.
Note: In this sense, the plural has usually the same form as
the singular; as, twenty sail were in sight.
6. A passage by a sailing vessel; a journey or excursion upon
Note: Sails are of two general kinds, fore-and-aft sails
and square sails
. Square sails are always bent to
yards, with their foot lying across the line of the
vessel. Fore-and-aft sails are set upon stays or gaffs
with their foot in line with the keel. A fore-and-aft
sail is triangular, or quadrilateral with the after
leech longer than the fore leech. Square sails are
quadrilateral, but not necessarily square. See Phrases
, a., and Square
, a.; also, Bark
(Naut.), a purchase for hoisting sails aloft
(Zo["o]l.), the whiff.
, a small hook used in making sails, to hold the
, a loft or room where sails are cut out and made.
(Naut.), a room in a vessel where sails are
stowed when not in use.
(Naut.), the yard or spar on which a sail is
(Naut.), a triangular sail of
peculiar form. It is chiefly used to set on a boat's mast.
To crowd sail
. (Naut.) See under Crowd
To loose sails
(Naut.), to unfurl or spread sails.
To make sail
(Naut.), to extend an additional quantity of
To set a sail
(Naut.), to extend or spread a sail to the
To set sail
(Naut.), to unfurl or spread the sails; hence,
to begin a voyage.
To shorten sail
(Naut.), to reduce the extent of sail, or
take in a part.
To strike sail
(Naut.), to lower the sails suddenly, as in
saluting, or in sudden gusts of wind; hence, to
acknowledge inferiority; to abate pretension.
, having the sails spread.