Found 2 items, similar to Scale moss.
English → English
Definition: scale moss
n : mosslike liverwort with tiny scalelike leaves; usually
epiphytic [syn: leafy liverwort
English → English
Definition: Scale moss
, n. [Cf. AS. scealu, scalu, a shell, parings; akin
to D. schaal, G. schale, OHG. scala, Dan. & Sw. skal a shell,
Dan. ski[ae]l a fish scale, Goth. skalja tile, and E. shale,
shell, and perhaps also to scale of a balance; but perhaps
rather fr. OF. escale, escaile, F. ['e]caille scale of a
fish, and ['e]cale shell of beans, pease, eggs, nuts, of
German origin, and akin to Goth. skalja, G. schale. See
1. (Anat.) One of the small, thin, membranous, bony or horny
pieces which form the covering of many fishes and
reptiles, and some mammals, belonging to the dermal part
of the skeleton, or dermoskeleton. See Cycloid
, and Ganoid
Fish that, with their fins and shining scales,
Glide under the green wave. --Milton.
2. Hence, any layer or leaf of metal or other material,
resembling in size and thinness the scale of a fish; as, a
scale of iron, of bone, etc.
3. (Zo["o]l.) One of the small scalelike structures covering
parts of some invertebrates, as those on the wings of
Lepidoptera and on the body of Thysanura; the elytra of
certain annelids. See Lepidoptera
4. (Zo["o]l.) A scale insect. (See below.)
5. (Bot.) A small appendage like a rudimentary leaf,
resembling the scales of a fish in form, and often in
arrangement; as, the scale of a bud, of a pine cone, and
the like. The name is also given to the chaff on the stems
6. The thin metallic side plate of the handle of a
pocketknife. See Illust. of Pocketknife
7. An incrustation deposit on the inside of a vessel in which
water is heated, as a steam boiler.
8. (Metal.) The thin oxide which forms on the surface of iron
forgings. It consists essentially of the magnetic oxide,
. Also, a similar coating upon other metals.
(Zo["o]l.), a hydrophyllium.
. (Zo["o]l.) See under Ganoid
(Mil.), armor made of small metallic scales
overlapping, and fastened upon leather or cloth.
(Zo["o]l.), the tiger beetle.
(Zo["o]l.), a carp having normal scales.
(Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of
small hemipterous insects belonging to the family
, in which the females, when adult, become
more or less scalelike in form. They are found upon the
leaves and twigs of various trees and shrubs, and often do
great damage to fruit trees. See Orange scale
(Bot.), any leafy-stemmed moss of the order
; -- so called from the small imbricated
scalelike leaves of most of the species. See Hepatica
2, and Jungermannia
(m[o^]s; 115), n. [OE. mos; akin to AS. me['o]s, D.
mos, G. moos, OHG. mos, mios, Icel. mosi, Dan. mos, Sw.
mossa, Russ. mokh', L. muscus. Cf. Muscoid
1. (Bot.) A cryptogamous plant of a cellular structure, with
distinct stem and simple leaves. The fruit is a small
capsule usually opening by an apical lid, and so
discharging the spores. There are many species,
collectively termed Musci, growing on the earth, on rocks,
and trunks of trees, etc., and a few in running water.
Note: The term moss is also popularly applied to many other
small cryptogamic plants, particularly lichens, species
of which are called tree moss, rock moss, coral moss,
etc. Fir moss and club moss are of the genus
. See Club moss
, under Club
2. A bog; a morass; a place containing peat; as, the mosses
of the Scottish border.
Note: Moss is used with participles in the composition of
words which need no special explanation; as,
moss-capped, moss-clad, moss-covered, moss-grown, etc.
. See under Black
, and Tillandsia
. See Sphagnum
, any moss branched in a feathery manner, esp.
several species of the genus Hypnum
, Long moss
, or Spanish moss
, a lichen. See Iceland Moss
, a seaweed. See Carrageen
(Min.), a variety of agate, containing brown,
black, or green mosslike or dendritic markings, due in
part to oxide of manganese. Called also Mocha stone
(Zo["o]l.), a bryozoan.
(Bot.), the small cranberry (Vaccinium Oxycoccus
(Bot.), a kind of mosslike catchfly (Silene acaulis
), with mostly purplish flowers, found on the
highest mountains of Europe and America, and within the
, land produced accumulation of aquatic plants,
forming peat bogs of more or less consistency, as the
water is grained off or retained in its pores.
(Bot.), a plant of the genus Phlox
), growing in patches on dry rocky hills in the
Middle United States, and often cultivated for its
handsome flowers. --Gray.
(Bot.), a variety of rose having a mosslike
growth on the stalk and calyx. It is said to be derived
from the Provence rose.
(Bot.), a rush of the genus Juncus
. See Hepatica