Found 1 items, similar to Salmo purpuratus.
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Definition: Salmo purpuratus
(s[a^]m"[u^]n), n.; pl. Salmons
. [OE. saumoun, salmon, F. saumon, fr.
L. salmo, salmonis, perhaps from salire to leap. Cf. Sally
1. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of several species of fishes of the
and allied genera. The common salmon (Salmo salar
) of Northern Europe and Eastern North America, and
the California salmon, or quinnat, are the most important
species. They are extensively preserved for food. See
Note: The salmons ascend rivers and penetrate to their head
streams to spawn. They are remarkably strong fishes,
and will even leap over considerable falls which lie in
the way of their progress. The common salmon has been
known to grow to the weight of seventy-five pounds;
more generally it is from fifteen to twenty-five
pounds. Young salmon are called parr, peal, smolt, and
grilse. Among the true salmons are:
, or Lake salmon
, the namaycush.
, a salmon of Western North America
, a Pacific-coast salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha
, the quinnat.
, a variety of the common salmon (var.
), long confined in certain lakes in consequence
of obstructions that prevented it from returning to the
sea. This last is called also dwarf salmon
Note: Among fishes of other families which are locally and
erroneously called salmon are: the pike perch, called
; the spotted, or southern, squeteague;
the cabrilla, called kelp salmon
; young pollock,
called sea salmon
; and the California yellowtail.
2. A reddish yellow or orange color, like the flesh of the
(Bot.), a large red raspberry growing from
Alaska to California, the fruit of the Rubus Nutkanus
(Zo["o]l.), a stickleback (Gasterosteus cataphractus
) of Western North America and Northern Asia.
, Salmon stair
. See Fish ladder
, a young salmon.
, a certain device for catching salmon. --Crabb.
(a) The European sea trout (Salmo trutta
). It resembles
the salmon, but is smaller, and has smaller and more
(b) The American namaycush.
(c) A name that is also applied locally to the adult black
spotted trout (Salmo purpuratus
), and to the steel
head and other large trout of the Pacific coast.
, n. [Russ. muikize, prob. fr. a native name.]
A salmon (Salmo mykiss
, syn. Salmo purpuratus
with black spots and a red throat, found in most of the
rivers from Alaska to the Colorado River, and in Siberia; --
called also black-spotted trout
, cutthroat trout
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
(trout), n. [AS. truht, L. tructa, tructus; akin
to Gr. trw`kths a sea fish with sharp teeth, fr. trw`gein to
1. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of numerous species of fishes belonging
, and allied genera of the family
. They are highly esteemed as game fishes
and for the quality of their flesh. All the species breed
in fresh water, but after spawning many of them descend to
the sea if they have an opportunity.
Note: The most important European species are the river, or
brown, trout (Salmo fario
), the salmon trout, and the
sewen. The most important American species are the
brook, speckled, or red-spotted, trout (Salvelinus fontinalis
) of the Northern United States and Canada;
the red-spotted trout, or Dolly Varden (see Malma
the lake trout (see Namaycush
); the black-spotted,
mountain, or silver, trout (Salmo purpuratus
golden, or rainbow, trout (see under Rainbow
blueback trout (see Oquassa
); and the salmon trout
(see under Salmon
.) The European trout has been
introduced into America.
2. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of several species of marine fishes
more or less resembling a trout in appearance or habits,
but not belonging to the same family, especially the
California rock trouts, the common squeteague, and the
southern, or spotted, squeteague; -- called also
, sea trout
, shad trout
, and gray trout
. See Squeteague
, and Rock trout
(Zo["o]l.), a small fresh-water American fish
), allied to the trout, but
resembling a perch in its scales and mouth.