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Definition: Ruby silver
(s[i^]l"v[~e]r), n. [OE. silver, selver,
seolver, AS. seolfor, siolfur, siolufr, silofr, sylofr; akin
to OS. silubar, OFries. selover, D. zilver, LG. sulver, OHG.
silabar, silbar, G. silber, Icel. silfr, Sw. silfver, Dan.
s["o]lv, Goth. silubr, Russ. serebro, Lith. sidabras; of
1. (Chem.) A soft white metallic element, sonorous, ductile,
very malleable, and capable of a high degree of polish. It
is found native, and also combined with sulphur, arsenic,
antimony, chlorine, etc., in the minerals argentite,
proustite, pyrargyrite, ceragyrite, etc. Silver is one of
metals, so-called, not being easily
oxidized, and is used for coin, jewelry, plate, and a
great variety of articles. Symbol Ag (Argentum). Atomic
weight 107.7. Specific gravity 10.5.
Note: Silver was known under the name of luna to the ancients
and also to the alchemists. Some of its compounds, as
the halogen salts, are remarkable for the effect of
light upon them, and are used in photography.
2. Coin made of silver; silver money.
3. Anything having the luster or appearance of silver.
4. The color of silver.
Note: Silver is used in the formation of many compounds of
obvious meaning; as, silver-armed, silver-bright,
silver-buskined, silver-coated, silver-footed,
silver-haired, silver-headed, silver-mantled,
silver-plated, silver-slippered, silver-sounding,
silver-studded, silver-tongued, silver-white. See
(Min.), stephanite; -- called also brittle silver ore
, or brittle silver glance
(a) A black crystalline substance, Ag2O.(NH3)2
by dissolving silver oxide in aqua ammonia. When dry
it explodes violently on the slightest percussion.
(b) Silver fulminate, a white crystalline substance,
, obtained by adding alcohol to a solution
of silver nitrate; -- also called fulminate of silver
. When dry it is violently explosive.
. (Chem.) See under German
. (Min.) See Freieslebenite
. (Min.) See Cerargyrite
. (O. Eng. Law) See Postfine
, or Ruby silver
. (Min.) See Proustite
, one who beats silver into silver leaf or
, or Vitreous silver
. (Min.) See
, n.; pl. Rubies
. [F. rubis (cf. Pr. robi), LL.
rubinus, robinus, fr. L. rubeus red, reddish, akin to ruber.
1. (Min.) A precious stone of a carmine red color, sometimes
verging to violet, or intermediate between carmine and
hyacinth red. It is a red crystallized variety of
Note: Besides the true or Oriental ruby above defined, there
are the balas ruby, or ruby spinel, a red variety of
spinel, and the rock ruby, a red variety of garnet.
Of rubies, sapphires, and pearles white.
2. The color of a ruby; carmine red; a red tint.
The natural ruby of your cheeks. --Shak.
3. That which has the color of the ruby, as red wine. Hence,
a red blain or carbuncle.
4. (Print.) See Agate
, n., 2. [Eng.]
5. (Zo["o]l.) Any species of South American humming birds of
the genus Clytol[ae]ma
. The males have a ruby-colored
throat or breast.
Ruby of arsenic
, Ruby of sulphur
(Chem.), a glassy
substance of a red color and a variable composition, but
always consisting chiefly of the disulphide of arsenic; --
called also ruby sulphur
Ruby of zinc
(Min.), zinc sulphide; the mineral zinc blende
(Min.), red silver. See under Red