Found 1 items, similar to Organ of Corti.
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Definition: Organ of Corti
, n. [L. organum, Gr. ?; akin to ? work, and E.
work: cf. F. organe. See Work
, and cf. Orgue
1. An instrument or medium by which some important action is
performed, or an important end accomplished; as,
legislatures, courts, armies, taxgatherers, etc., are
organs of government.
2. (Biol.) A natural part or structure in an animal or a
plant, capable of performing some special action (termed
its function), which is essential to the life or
well-being of the whole; as, the heart, lungs, etc., are
organs of animals; the root, stem, foliage, etc., are
organs of plants.
Note: In animals the organs are generally made up of several
tissues, one of which usually predominates, and
determines the principal function of the organ. Groups
of organs constitute a system. See System
3. A component part performing an essential office in the
working of any complex machine; as, the cylinder, valves,
crank, etc., are organs of the steam engine.
4. A medium of communication between one person or body and
another; as, the secretary of state is the organ of
communication between the government and a foreign power;
a newspaper is the organ of its editor, or of a party,
sect, etc. A newsletter distributed within an organization
is often called its house organ
[1913 Webster +PJC]
5. [Cf. AS. organ, fr. L. organum.] (Mus.) A wind instrument
containing numerous pipes of various dimensions and kinds,
which are filled with wind from a bellows, and played upon
by means of keys similar to those of a piano, and
sometimes by foot keys or pedals; -- formerly used in the
plural, each pipe being considered an organ.
The deep, majestic, solemn organs blow. --Pope.
Note: Chaucer used the form orgon as a plural.
The merry orgon . . . that in the church goon
, Choir organ
, Great organ
, etc. See under
(Mus.), an organ of small size, as for a
chapel or for domestic use; a reed organ.
(Zo["o]l.), a Tasmanian crow shrike (Gymnorhina organicum
). It utters discordant notes like those of a
hand organ out of tune.
(Zo["o]l.), the drumfish.
. (Mil.) Same as Orgue
(Mus.), an harmonium of large capacity and
Organ of Corti
(Anat.), a complicated structure in the
cochlea of the ear, including the auditory hair cells, the
rods or fibers of Corti, the membrane of Corti, etc. See
Note under Ear
. See Pipe
, n., 1.
. (Zo["o]l.) See Tubipora
(Mus.), a passage in which the tonic or
dominant is sustained continuously by one part, while the
other parts move.