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Hasil cari dari kata atau frase: Neronian (0.00779 detik)
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(n[=e]"r[-o]), prop. n.
A Roman emperor notorious for debauchery and barbarous
cruelty; hence, any profligate and cruel ruler or merciless
tyrant. -- Ne*ro"ni*an
[1913 Webster] Nero (originally Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus,
later Nero Claudius C[ae]sar Drusus Germanicus). Born at
Antium, Italy, Dec. 15, 37 a. d.: committed suicide near
Rome, June 9, 68. Roman emperor 54-68, son of Domitius
Ahenobarbus and Agrippina (daughter of Germanicus).
He was adopted by his stepfather, the emperor Claudius, in
50, and in 53 married Octavia, the daughter of Claudius by
Messalina. In 54 Claudius was poisoned by Agrippina, who
caused her son to be proclaimed to the exclusion of
Britannicus, the son of Claudius. His former tutors, the
philosopher Seneca and Burrus, commander of the pretorian
guards, were placed at the head of the government, and the
early years of his reign were marked, on the whole, by
clemency and justice. He caused his rival Britannicus to be
removed by poison in 55. In 59 he procured the assassination
of his mother, of whose control he had become impatient.
Burrus died in 62, whereupon Seneca retired from public life.
Freed from the restraint of his former advisers, he gave free
rein to a naturally tyrannical and cruel disposition. He
divorced Octavia in order to marry Popp[ae]a, and shortly
afterward put Octavia to death (62). Popp[ae]a ultimately
died from the effects of a kick administered by her brutal
husband. Having been accused of kindling the fire which in 64
destroyed a large part of Rome, he sought to divert attention
from himself by ordering a persecution of the Christians,
whom he accused of having caused the Conflagration. He put
Seneca to death in 65, and 66-68 visited Greece, where he
competed for the prizes as a musician and charioteer in the
religious festivals. He was overthrown by a revolt under
Galba, and stabbed himself to death with the assistance of
But the imperial Reign of Terror was limited to a
comparatively small number of families in Rome. The provinces
ware undoubtedly better governed than in the later days of
the Republic, and even in Rome itself the common people
strewed flowers on the grave of Nero.
--Hodgkin, Italy and her Invaders, I. 6.
[Century Dict. 1906]