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Definition: Jamaica pepper
One of the West Indian islands.
, a variety of ginger, called also white ginger
, prepared in Jamaica from the best roots, which
are deprived of their epidermis and dried separately.
(Bot.), a West Indian melastomaceous shrub
), with showy pink flowers.
, n. [OE. peper, AS. pipor, L. piper, fr. Gr. ?,
?, akin to Skr. pippala, pippali.]
1. A well-known, pungently aromatic condiment, the dried
berry, either whole or powdered, of the Piper nigrum
Note: Common, or black, pepper is made from the whole berry,
dried just before maturity; white pepper is made from
the ripe berry after the outer skin has been removed by
maceration and friction. It has less of the peculiar
properties of the plant than the black pepper. Pepper
is used in medicine as a carminative stimulant.
2. (Bot.) The plant which yields pepper, an East Indian woody
climber (Piper nigrum
), with ovate leaves and apetalous
flowers in spikes opposite the leaves. The berries are red
when ripe. Also, by extension, any one of the several
hundred species of the genus Piper
, widely dispersed
throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the
3. Any plant of the genus Capsicum, and its fruit; red
pepper; as, the bell pepper.
Note: The term pepper has been extended to various other
fruits and plants, more or less closely resembling the
true pepper, esp. to the common varieties of
. See Capsicum
, and the Phrases, below.
, the Guinea pepper. See under Guinea
. See under Cayenne
, the spicy berries of the Xanthoxylum piperitum
, a species of prickly ash found in China and
. See under Guinea
, and Capsicum
. See Allspice
(a) The spike of berries of Piper longum
, an East Indian
(b) The root of Piper methysticum
(syn. Macropiper methysticum
) of the family Piperaceae
. See Kava
, or Meleguetta pepper
, the aromatic
seeds of the Amomum Melegueta
, an African plant of the
Ginger family. They are sometimes used to flavor beer,
etc., under the name of grains of Paradise
. See Capsicum
Sweet pepper bush
(Bot.), an American shrub (Clethra alnifolia
), with racemes of fragrant white flowers; --
called also white alder
or Pepper caster
, a small box or bottle, with
a perforated lid, used for sprinkling ground pepper on
. See in the Vocabulary.
(Bot.), a West Indian name of several plants
of the Pepper family, species of Piper
(Zo["o]l.), a European moth (Biston betularia
) having white wings covered with small black
, a mucilaginous soup or stew of vegetables and
cassareep, much esteemed in the West Indies.
. (Bot.). See Coralwort
, a condiment for the table, made of small red
peppers steeped in vinegar.
(Bot.), an aromatic tree (Drimys axillaris
of the Magnolia family, common in New Zealand. See
Peruvian mastic tree
, under Mastic