Found 4 items, similar to Iron.
English → Indonesian
English → Indonesian
English → English
adj : extremely robust; “an iron constitution”
v : press and smooth with a heated iron; “press your shirts”
[syn: iron out
n 1: a heavy ductile magnetic metallic element; is silver-white
in pure form but readily rusts; used in construction and
tools and armament; plays a role in the transport of
oxygen by the blood [syn: Fe
, atomic number 26
2: a golf club that has a relatively narrow metal head
3: metal shackles; for hands or legs [syn: irons
4: implement used to brand live stock [syn: branding iron
5: home appliance consisting of a flat metal base that is
heated and used to smooth cloth [syn: smoothing iron
English → English
([imac]"[u^]rn), n. [OE. iren, AS. [=i]ren,
[=i]sen, [=i]sern; akin to D. ijzer, OS. [=i]sarn, OHG.
[=i]sarn, [=i]san, G. eisen, Icel. [=i]sarn, j[=a]rn, Sw. &
Dan. jern, and perh. to E. ice; cf. Ir. iarann, W. haiarn,
1. (Chem.) The most common and most useful metallic element,
being of almost universal occurrence, usually in the form
of an oxide (as hematite, magnetite, etc.), or a hydrous
oxide (as limonite, turgite, etc.). It is reduced on an
enormous scale in three principal forms; viz., cast iron
, steel, and wrought iron
. Iron usually appears
dark brown, from oxidation or impurity, but when pure, or
on a fresh surface, is a gray or white metal. It is easily
oxidized (rusted) by moisture, and is attacked by many
corrosive agents. Symbol Fe (Latin Ferrum). Atomic number
26, atomic weight 55.847. Specific gravity, pure iron,
7.86; cast iron, 7.1. In magnetic properties, it is
superior to all other substances.
Note: The value of iron is largely due to the facility with
which it can be worked. Thus, when heated it is
malleable and ductile, and can be easily welded and
forged at a high temperature. As cast iron, it is
easily fusible; as steel, is very tough, and (when
tempered) very hard and elastic. Chemically, iron is
grouped with cobalt and nickel. Steel is a variety of
iron containing more carbon than wrought iron, but less
that cast iron. It is made either from wrought iron, by
roasting in a packing of carbon (cementation) or from
cast iron, by burning off the impurities in a Bessemer
converter (then called Bessemer steel), or directly
from the iron ore (as in the Siemens rotatory and
2. An instrument or utensil made of iron; -- chiefly in
composition; as, a flatiron, a smoothing iron, etc.
My young soldier, put up your iron. --Shak.
3. pl. Fetters; chains; handcuffs; manacles.
Four of the sufferers were left to rot in irons.
4. Strength; power; firmness; inflexibility; as, to rule with
a rod of iron.
5. (Golf) An iron-headed club with a deep face, chiefly used
in making approaches, lifting a ball over hazards, etc.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
. See Wrought iron
, bog ore; limonite. See Bog ore
, under Bog
(Metal.), an impure variety of iron, containing
from three to six percent of carbon, part of which is
united with a part of the iron, as a carbide, and the rest
is uncombined, as graphite. It there is little free
carbon, the product is white iron
; if much of the carbon
has separated as graphite, it is called gray iron
also Cast iron
, in the Vocabulary.
. See under Fire
. See under Fire
. See Cast iron
(Naut.), said of a sailing vessel, when, in
tacking, she comes up head to the wind and will not fill
away on either tack.
. See Magnetite
(Metal.), iron sufficiently pure or soft to
be capable of extension under the hammer; also, specif., a
kind of iron produced by removing a portion of the carbon
or other impurities from cast iron, rendering it less
brittle, and to some extent malleable.
(Chem.), iron forming a large, and often the
chief, ingredient of meteorites. It invariably contains a
small amount of nickel and cobalt. Cf. Meteorite
, the form in which cast iron is made at the blast
furnace, being run into molds, called pigs.
. See under Reduced
. See Hematite
Too many irons in the fire
, too many objects or tasks
requiring the attention at once.
. See Cast iron
(Metal.), the purest form of iron commonly
known in the arts, containing only about half of one per
cent of carbon. It is made either directly from the ore,
as in the Catalan forge or bloomery, or by purifying
(puddling) cast iron in a reverberatory furnace or
refinery. It is tough, malleable, and ductile. When formed
into bars, it is called bar iron
([imac]"[u^]rn), a. [AS. [=i]ren, [=i]sen. See
1. Of, or made of iron; consisting of iron; as, an iron bar,
2. Resembling iron in color; as, iron blackness.
3. Like iron in hardness, strength, impenetrability, power of
endurance, insensibility, etc.; as:
(a) Rude; hard; harsh; severe.
Iron years of wars and dangers. --Rowe.
Jove crushed the nations with an iron rod.
(b) Firm; robust; enduring; as, an iron constitution.
(c) Inflexible; unrelenting; as, an iron will.
(d) Not to be broken; holding or binding fast; tenacious.
“Him death's iron sleep oppressed.”
Note: Iron is often used in composition, denoting made of
iron, relating to iron, of or with iron; producing
iron, etc.; resembling iron, literally or figuratively,
in some of its properties or characteristics; as,
iron-shod, iron-sheathed, iron-fisted, iron-framed,
iron-handed, iron-hearted, iron foundry or
(a) (Myth.) The age following the golden, silver, and
bronze ages, and characterized by a general
degeneration of talent and virtue, and of literary
excellence. In Roman literature the Iron Age is
commonly regarded as beginning after the taking of
Rome by the Goths, A. D. 410.
(b) (Arch[ae]ol.) That stage in the development of any
people characterized by the use of iron implements in
the place of the more cumbrous stone and bronze.
, a cement for joints, composed of cast-iron
borings or filings, sal ammoniac, etc.
(Min.), a yellowish clay containing a large
proportion of an ore of iron.
, a German, and before that Prussian, order of
military merit; also, the decoration of the order.
, a golden crown set with jewels, belonging
originally to the Lombard kings, and indicating the
dominion of Italy. It was so called from containing a
circle said to have been forged from one of the nails in
the cross of Christ.
(Min.), an opaque, flintlike, ferruginous
variety of quartz.
, a maker of iron castings.
, the place where iron castings are made.
, a furnace for reducing iron from the ore, or
for melting iron for castings, etc.; a forge; a
reverberatory; a bloomery.
, a headpiece of iron or steel, shaped like a hat
with a broad brim, and used as armor during the Middle
, a locomotive engine. [Colloq.]
, a solution of an iron salt, used as a mordant
(Cotton Manuf.), a name for the self-acting
or Iron mould
, a yellow spot on cloth stained
by rusty iron.
(Min.), any native compound of iron from which the
metal may be profitably extracted. The principal ores are
magnetite, hematite, siderite, limonite, G["o]thite,
turgite, and the bog and clay iron ores.
(Min.), common pyrites, or pyrite. See
, an iron ore in grains, usually the magnetic iron
ore, formerly used to sand paper after writing.
, the thin film which forms on the surface of
wrought iron in the process of forging. It consists
essentially of the magnetic oxide of iron, Fe3O4
, a furnace where iron is smelted, or a forge,
rolling mill, or foundry, where it is made into heavy
work, such as shafting, rails, cannon, merchant bar, etc.
, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Ironed
; p. pr. & vb. n.
1. To smooth with an instrument of iron; especially, to
smooth, as cloth, with a heated flatiron; -- sometimes
used with out.
2. To shackle with irons; to fetter or handcuff. “Ironed
like a malefactor.”
--Sir W. Scott.
3. To furnish or arm with iron; as, to iron a wagon.
iron out differences
resolve differences; settle a dispute.