Found 2 items, similar to High German.
English → English
Definition: High German
n : the standard German language; developed historically from
West Germanic [syn: German
, German language
English → English
Definition: High German
, n.; pl. Germans
[L. Germanus, prob. of Celtis
1. A native or one of the people of Germany.
2. The German language.
(a) A round dance, often with a waltz movement, abounding
in capriciosly involved figures.
(b) A social party at which the german is danced.
, the Teutonic dialect of Upper or Southern
Germany, -- comprising Old High German, used from the 8th
to the 11th century; Middle H. G., from the 12th to the
15th century; and Modern or New H. G., the language of
Luther's Bible version and of modern German literature.
The dialects of Central Germany, the basis of the modern
literary language, are often called Middle German, and the
Southern German dialects Upper German; but High German is
also used to cover both groups.
, the language of Northern Germany and the
Netherlands, -- including Friesic
; Old Saxon
or Low Dutch
, with its
; and Plattdeutsch
(called also Low German
), spoken in many dialects.
, a. [Compar. Higher
; superl. Highest
high, hegh, hey, heh, AS. he['a]h, h?h; akin to OS. h?h,
OFries. hag, hach, D. hoog, OHG. h?h, G. hoch, Icel. h?r, Sw.
h["o]g, Dan. h["o]i, Goth. hauhs, and to Icel. haugr mound,
G. h["u]gel hill, Lith. kaukaras.]
1. Elevated above any starting point of measurement, as a
line, or surface; having altitude; lifted up; raised or
extended in the direction of the zenith; lofty; tall; as,
a high mountain, tower, tree; the sun is high.
2. Regarded as raised up or elevated; distinguished;
remarkable; conspicuous; superior; -- used indefinitely or
relatively, and often in figurative senses, which are
understood from the connection; as
(a) Elevated in character or quality, whether moral or
intellectual; pre["e]minent; honorable; as, high aims,
or motives. “The highest faculty of the soul.”
(b) Exalted in social standing or general estimation, or
in rank, reputation, office, and the like; dignified;
as, she was welcomed in the highest circles.
He was a wight of high renown. --Shak.
(c) Of noble birth; illustrious; as, of high family.
(d) Of great strength, force, importance, and the like;
strong; mighty; powerful; violent; sometimes,
triumphant; victorious; majestic, etc.; as, a high
wind; high passions. “With rather a high manner.”
Strong is thy hand, and high is thy right hand.
Can heavenly minds such high resentment show?
(e) Very abstract; difficult to comprehend or surmount;
Both meet to hear and answer such high things.
Plain living and high thinking are no more.
(f) Costly; dear in price; extravagant; as, to hold goods
at a high price.
If they must be good at so high a rate, they
know they may be safe at a cheaper. --South.
(g) Arrogant; lofty; boastful; proud; ostentatious; --
used in a bad sense.
An high look and a proud heart . . . is sin.
His forces, after all the high discourses,
amounted really but to eighteen hundred foot.
3. Possessing a characteristic quality in a supreme or
superior degree; as, high (i. e., intense) heat; high (i.
e., full or quite) noon; high (i. e., rich or spicy)
seasoning; high (i. e., complete) pleasure; high (i. e.,
deep or vivid) color; high (i. e., extensive, thorough)
High time it is this war now ended were. --Spenser.
High sauces and spices are fetched from the Indies.
4. (Cookery) Strong-scented; slightly tainted; as, epicures
do not cook game before it is high.
5. (Mus.) Acute or sharp; -- opposed to grave
a high note.
6. (Phon.) Made with a high position of some part of the
tongue in relation to the palate, as [=e] ([=e]ve), [=oo]
(f[=oo]d). See Guide to Pronunciation, [sect][sect] 10,
, the chief admiral.
, the principal altar in a church.
High and dry
, out of water; out of reach of the current or
tide; -- said of a vessel, aground or beached.
High and mighty
arrogant; overbearing. [Colloq.]
, art which deals with lofty and dignified subjects
and is characterized by an elevated style avoiding all
, the chief bailiff.
, and Low Church
, two ecclesiastical parties
in the Church of England and the Protestant Episcopal
Church. The high-churchmen emphasize the doctrine of the
apostolic succession, and hold, in general, to a
sacramental presence in the Eucharist, to baptismal
regeneration, and to the sole validity of Episcopal
ordination. They attach much importance to ceremonies and
symbols in worship. Low-churchmen lay less stress on these
points, and, in many instances, reject altogether the
peculiar tenets of the high-church school. See Broad Church
(Law), a chief of constabulary. See
, n., 2.
High commission court
, a court of ecclesiastical
jurisdiction in England erected and united to the regal
power by Queen Elizabeth in 1559. On account of the abuse
of its powers it was abolished in 1641.
(Script.), a holy or feast day. --John xix. 31.
(Eccl.), a festival to be observed with full
, or High Dutch
. See under German
, an old Scottish pastime; hence, noisy revelry;
wild sport. [Colloq.] “All the high jinks of the county,
when the lad comes of age.”
(Geog.), one designated by the higher
figures; consequently, a latitude remote from the equator.
, life among the aristocracy or the rich.
, one who indulges in a rich diet.
, a feeding upon rich, pampering food.
. (R. C. Ch.) See under Mass
, a process of making flour from grain by
several successive grindings and intermediate sorting,
instead of by a single grinding.
, the time when the sun is in the meridian.
(Script.), an eminence or mound on which
sacrifices were offered.
. See in the Vocabulary.
. (Fine Arts) See Alto-rilievo
. See under School
(Law), the open sea; the part of the ocean not in
the territorial waters of any particular sovereignty,
usually distant three miles or more from the coast line.
, steam having a high pressure.
, the chief steward.
, tea with meats and extra relishes.
, the greatest flow of the tide; high water.
(a) Quite time; full time for the occasion.
(b) A time of great excitement or enjoyment; a carousal.
, treason against the sovereign or the state,
the highest civil offense. See Treason
Note: It is now sufficient to speak of high treason as
treason simply, seeing that petty treason, as a
distinct offense, has been abolished. --Mozley & W.
, the utmost flow or greatest elevation of the
tide; also, the time of such elevation.
(a) That line of the seashore to which the waters
ordinarily reach at high water.
(b) A mark showing the highest level reached by water in a
river or other body of fresh water, as in time of
(Bot.), a composite shrub (Iva frutescens
), growing in salt marshes along the Atlantic
coast of the United States.
, distilled spirits containing a high percentage
of alcohol; -- usually in the plural.
To be on a high horse
, to be on one's dignity; to bear
one's self loftily. [Colloq.]
With a high hand
(a) With power; in force; triumphantly. “The children of
Israel went out with a high hand.”
--Ex. xiv. 8.
(b) In an overbearing manner, arbitrarily. “They governed
the city with a high hand.”
--Jowett (Thucyd. ).
Syn: Tall; lofty; elevated; noble; exalted; supercilious;
proud; violent; full; dear. See Tall