Found 2 items, similar to Harmonic motion.
English → English
Definition: harmonic motion
n : a periodic motion in which the displacement is either
symmetrical about a point or is the sum of such motions
English → English
Definition: Harmonic motion
(-[i^]*kal), a. [L. harmonicus, Gr. "armoniko`s;
cf. F. harmonique. See Harmony
1. Concordant; musical; consonant; as, harmonic sounds.
Harmonic twang! of leather, horn, and brass. --Pope.
2. (Mus.) Relating to harmony, -- as melodic relates to
melody; harmonious; esp., relating to the accessory sounds
or overtones which accompany the predominant and apparent
single tone of any string or sonorous body.
3. (Math.) Having relations or properties bearing some
resemblance to those of musical consonances; -- said of
certain numbers, ratios, proportions, points, lines,
motions, and the like.
(Mus.), the distance between two notes of
a chord, or two consonant notes.
(Arith. & Alg.), certain relations of
numbers and quantities, which bear an analogy to musical
, the motion of the point A, of the foot of
the perpendicular PA, when P moves uniformly in the
circumference of a circle, and PA is drawn perpendicularly
upon a fixed diameter of the circle. This is simple
harmonic motion. The combinations, in any way, of two or
more simple harmonic motions, make other kinds of harmonic
motion. The motion of the pendulum bob of a clock is
approximately simple harmonic motion.
. See under Proportion
or Harmonic progression
. See under
Spherical harmonic analysis
, a mathematical method,
sometimes referred to as that of Laplace's Coefficients
which has for its object the expression of an arbitrary,
periodic function of two independent variables, in the
proper form for a large class of physical problems,
involving arbitrary data, over a spherical surface, and
the deduction of solutions for every point of space. The
functions employed in this method are called spherical
harmonic functions. --Thomson & Tait.
(Anat.), an articulation by simple
apposition of comparatively smooth surfaces or edges, as
between the two superior maxillary bones in man; -- called
, and harmony
(Mus.), the chord of a note with its third
and fifth; the common chord.
, n. [F., fr. L. motio, fr. movere, motum, to
move. See Move
1. The act, process, or state of changing place or position;
movement; the passing of a body from one place or position
to another, whether voluntary or involuntary; -- opposed
Speaking or mute, all comeliness and grace
attends thee, and each word, each motion, forms.
2. Power of, or capacity for, motion.
Devoid of sense and motion. --Milton.
3. Direction of movement; course; tendency; as, the motion of
the planets is from west to east.
In our proper motion we ascend. --Milton.
4. Change in the relative position of the parts of anything;
action of a machine with respect to the relative movement
of its parts.
This is the great wheel to which the clock owes its
motion. --Dr. H. More.
5. Movement of the mind, desires, or passions; mental act, or
impulse to any action; internal activity.
Let a good man obey every good motion rising in his
heart, knowing that every such motion proceeds from
6. A proposal or suggestion looking to action or progress;
esp., a formal proposal made in a deliberative assembly;
as, a motion to adjourn.
Yes, I agree, and thank you for your motion. --Shak.
7. (Law) An application made to a court or judge orally in
open court. Its object is to obtain an order or rule
directing some act to be done in favor of the applicant.
--Mozley & W.
8. (Mus.) Change of pitch in successive sounds, whether in
the same part or in groups of parts.
The independent motions of different parts sounding
together constitute counterpoint. --Grove.
Note: Conjunct motion is that by single degrees of the scale.
Contrary motion is that when parts move in opposite
directions. Disjunct motion is motion by skips. Oblique
motion is that when one part is stationary while
another moves. Similar or direct motion is that when
parts move in the same direction.
9. A puppet show or puppet. [Obs.]
What motion's this? the model of Nineveh? --Beau. &
Note: Motion, in mechanics, may be simple or compound.
) straight translation, which, if
of indefinite duration, must be reciprocating. (b
Simple rotation, which may be either continuous or
reciprocating, and when reciprocating is called
) Helical, which, if of indefinite
duration, must be reciprocating.
consists of combinations of any of the
Center of motion
, Harmonic motion
, etc. See under
(Steam Engine), a crosshead.
(Mech.), an incessant motion conceived to
be attainable by a machine supplying its own motive forces
independently of any action from without. According to the
law of conservation of energy, such perpetual motion is
impossible, and no device has yet been built that is
capable of perpetual motion.
[1913 Webster +PJC]
Syn: See Movement