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Definition: Guinea plum
1. A district on the west coast of Africa (formerly noted for
its export of gold and slaves) after which the Guinea
fowl, Guinea grass, Guinea peach, etc., are named.
2. A gold coin of England current for twenty-one shillings
sterling, or about five dollars, but not coined since the
issue of sovereigns in 1817.
The guinea, so called from the Guinea gold out of
was first struck, was proclaimed in 1663, and to go
for twenty shillings; but it never went for less
than twenty-one shillings. --Pinkerton.
. (Bot.) See Durra
(Geog.), a current in the Atlantic Ocean
setting southwardly into the Bay of Benin on the coast of
one who cheats by dropping counterfeit
guineas. [Obs.] --Gay.
, Guinea hen
(Zo["o]l.), an African
gallinaceous bird, of the genus Numida
, allied to the
pheasants. The common domesticated species (Numida meleagris
), has a colored fleshy horn on each aide of the
head, and is of a dark gray color, variegated with small
white spots. The crested Guinea fowl (Numida cristata
is a finer species.
(Bot.), grains of Paradise, or amomum. See
(Bot.), a tall strong forage grass (Panicum jumentorum
) introduced. from Africa into the West Indies
and Southern United States.
(Bot.), a liliaceous flower (Fritillaria Meleagris
) with petals spotted like the feathers of the
. See under Peach
(Bot.), the pods of the Xylopia aromatica
a tree of the order Anonace[ae]
, found in tropical West
Africa. They are also sold under the name of Piper [AE]thiopicum
(Bot.), the fruit of Parinarium excelsum
large West African tree of the order Chrysobalane[ae]
having a scarcely edible fruit somewhat resembling a plum,
which is also called gray plum
and rough-skin plum
(Zo["o]l.), a long and slender African nematoid
worm (Filaria Medinensis
) of a white color. It lives in
the cellular tissue of man, beneath the skin, and produces
, n. [AS. pl[=u]me, fr. L. prunum; akin to Gr. ?, ?.
a dried plum.]
1. (Bot.) The edible drupaceous fruit of the Prunus domestica
, and of several other species of Prunus
also, the tree itself, usually called plum tree
The bullace, the damson, and the numerous varieties
of plum, of our gardens, although growing into
thornless trees, are believed to be varieties of the
blackthorn, produced by long cultivation. --G.
Note: Two or three hundred varieties of plums derived from
the Prunus domestica
are described; among them the
, the Orleans
, the purple gage
Reine Claude Violette
, and the German prune
some of the best known.
Note: Among the true plums are;
, the Prunus maritima
, and its crimson or
purple globular drupes,
. See Bullace
, the American Prunus Chicasa
, and its
round red drupes.
, a dark reddish purple plum of medium size,
much grown in England for sale in the markets.
Wild plum of America
, Prunus Americana
, with red or
yellow fruit, the original of the Iowa plum
[1913 Webster] Among plants called plum, but of other
genera than Prunus
, Cargillia arborea
and Cargillia australis
, of the same family with the persimmon.
, the West African H[ae]matostaphes Barteri
, the Spanish nectarine. See under Nectarine
. See under Date
, the West African Parinarium macrophyllum
, the Ogeechee lime.
, Guinea plum
. See under Guinea
, several species of Flacourtia
2. A grape dried in the sun; a raisin.
3. A handsome fortune or property; formerly, in cant
language, the sum of [pounds]100,000 sterling; also, the
person possessing it.
4. Something likened to a plum in desirableness; a good or
choice thing of its kind, as among appointments,
positions, parts of a book, etc.; as, the mayor rewarded
his cronies with cushy plums, requiring little work for
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]
5. A color resembling that of a plum; a slightly grayish deep
purple, varying somewhat in its red or blue tint.
, Plum budder
(Zo["o]l.), the European
(Zo["o]l.), a weevil, or curculio (Coccotorus scutellaris
), which destroys plums. It makes round holes
in the pulp, for the reception of its eggs. The larva
bores into the stone and eats the kernel.
(Zo["o]l.), an American weevil which is very
destructive to plums, nectarines, cherries, and many other
stone fruits. It lays its eggs in crescent-shaped
incisions made with its jaws. The larva lives upon the
pulp around the stone. Called also turk
, and plum curculio
. See Illust. under Curculio