Found 1 items, similar to Covering scale.
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Definition: Covering scale
, n. [Cf. AS. scealu, scalu, a shell, parings; akin
to D. schaal, G. schale, OHG. scala, Dan. & Sw. skal a shell,
Dan. ski[ae]l a fish scale, Goth. skalja tile, and E. shale,
shell, and perhaps also to scale of a balance; but perhaps
rather fr. OF. escale, escaile, F. ['e]caille scale of a
fish, and ['e]cale shell of beans, pease, eggs, nuts, of
German origin, and akin to Goth. skalja, G. schale. See
1. (Anat.) One of the small, thin, membranous, bony or horny
pieces which form the covering of many fishes and
reptiles, and some mammals, belonging to the dermal part
of the skeleton, or dermoskeleton. See Cycloid
, and Ganoid
Fish that, with their fins and shining scales,
Glide under the green wave. --Milton.
2. Hence, any layer or leaf of metal or other material,
resembling in size and thinness the scale of a fish; as, a
scale of iron, of bone, etc.
3. (Zo["o]l.) One of the small scalelike structures covering
parts of some invertebrates, as those on the wings of
Lepidoptera and on the body of Thysanura; the elytra of
certain annelids. See Lepidoptera
4. (Zo["o]l.) A scale insect. (See below.)
5. (Bot.) A small appendage like a rudimentary leaf,
resembling the scales of a fish in form, and often in
arrangement; as, the scale of a bud, of a pine cone, and
the like. The name is also given to the chaff on the stems
6. The thin metallic side plate of the handle of a
pocketknife. See Illust. of Pocketknife
7. An incrustation deposit on the inside of a vessel in which
water is heated, as a steam boiler.
8. (Metal.) The thin oxide which forms on the surface of iron
forgings. It consists essentially of the magnetic oxide,
. Also, a similar coating upon other metals.
(Zo["o]l.), a hydrophyllium.
. (Zo["o]l.) See under Ganoid
(Mil.), armor made of small metallic scales
overlapping, and fastened upon leather or cloth.
(Zo["o]l.), the tiger beetle.
(Zo["o]l.), a carp having normal scales.
(Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of
small hemipterous insects belonging to the family
, in which the females, when adult, become
more or less scalelike in form. They are found upon the
leaves and twigs of various trees and shrubs, and often do
great damage to fruit trees. See Orange scale
(Bot.), any leafy-stemmed moss of the order
; -- so called from the small imbricated
scalelike leaves of most of the species. See Hepatica
2, and Jungermannia