Found 2 items, similar to Civil war.
English → English
Definition: civil war
n : a war between factions in the same country
English → English
Definition: Civil war
, n. [OE. & AS. werre; akin to OHG. werra scandal,
quarrel, sedition, werran to confound, mix, D. warren, G.
wirren, verwirren, to embroil, confound, disturb, and perhaps
to E. worse; cf. OF. werre war, F. querre, of Teutonic
origin. Cf. Guerrilla
1. A contest between nations or states, carried on by force,
whether for defence, for revenging insults and redressing
wrongs, for the extension of commerce, for the acquisition
of territory, for obtaining and establishing the
superiority and dominion of one over the other, or for any
other purpose; armed conflict of sovereign powers;
declared and open hostilities.
Men will ever distinguish war from mere bloodshed.
Note: As war is the contest of nations or states, it always
implies that such contest is authorized by the monarch
or the sovereign power of the nation. A war begun by
attacking another nation, is called an offensive war,
and such attack is aggressive. War undertaken to repel
invasion, or the attacks of an enemy, is called
2. (Law) A condition of belligerency to be maintained by
physical force. In this sense, levying war against the
sovereign authority is treason.
3. Instruments of war. [Poetic]
His complement of stores, and total war. --Prior.
4. Forces; army. [Poetic]
On their embattled ranks the waves return,
And overwhelm their war. --Milton.
5. The profession of arms; the art of war.
Thou art but a youth, and he is a man of war from
his youth. --1 Sam. xvii.
6. a state of opposition or contest; an act of opposition; an
inimical contest, act, or action; enmity; hostility.
“Raised impious war in heaven.”
The words of his mouth were smoother than butter,
but war was in his heart. --Ps. lv. 21.
, a war between different sections or parties of
the same country or nation.
. See under Holy
Man of war
. (Naut.) See in the Vocabulary.
, a war between independent sovereign states.
, a cry or signal used in war; as, the Indian war
, a dance among savages preliminary to going to
war. Among the North American Indians, it is begun by some
distinguished chief, and whoever joins in it thereby
enlists as one of the party engaged in a warlike
, a field of war or battle.
, a horse used in war; the horse of a cavalry
soldier; especially, a strong, powerful, spirited horse
for military service; a charger.
, paint put on the face and other parts of the
body by savages, as a token of going to war. “Wash the
war paint from your faces.”
, a song of or pertaining to war; especially, among
the American Indians, a song at the war dance, full of
incitements to military ardor.
, a war cry, especially that uttered by the
, a. [L. civilis, fr. civis citizen: cf. F. civil.
1. Pertaining to a city or state, or to a citizen in his
relations to his fellow citizens or to the state; within
the city or state.
2. Subject to government; reduced to order; civilized; not
barbarous; -- said of the community.
England was very rude and barbarous; for it is but
even the other day since England grew civil.
3. Performing the duties of a citizen; obedient to
government; -- said of an individual.
Civil men come nearer the saints of God than others;
they come within a step or two of heaven. --Preston
4. Having the manners of one dwelling in a city, as opposed
to those of savages or rustics; polite; courteous;
Note: “A civil man now is one observant of slight external
courtesies in the mutual intercourse between man and
man; a civil man once was one who fulfilled all the
duties and obligations flowing from his position as a
'civis' and his relations to the other members of that
5. Pertaining to civic life and affairs, in distinction from
military, ecclesiastical, or official state.
6. Relating to rights and remedies sought by action or suit
distinct from criminal proceedings.
, an action to enforce the rights or redress
the wrongs of an individual, not involving a criminal
, the architecture which is employed in
constructing buildings for the purposes of civil life, in
distinction from military and naval architecture, as
private houses, palaces, churches, etc.
. (Law.) See under Death
. See under Engineering
. See under Law
. See under List
(Law), that given to a person injured, by
action, as opposed to a criminal prosecution.
, all service rendered to and paid for by the
state or nation other than that pertaining to naval or
Civil service reform
, the substitution of business
principles and methods for the spoils system in the
conduct of the civil service, esp. in the matter of
appointments to office.
, the whole body of the laity or citizens not
included under the military, maritime, and ecclesiastical
. Same as Civil action
. See under War
. See under Year