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Definition: Cassia Chamaecrista
(p[aum]r"tr[i^]j), n. [OE. partriche,
pertriche, OF. pertris, perdriz, F. perdrix, L. perdix,
-icis, fr. Gr. pe`rdix.] (Zo["o]l.)
1. Any one of numerous species of small gallinaceous birds of
the genus Perdix
and several related genera of the
, of the Old World. The partridge is
noted as a game bird.
Full many a fat partrich had he in mew. --Chaucer.
Note: The common European, or gray, partridge (Perdix cinerea
) and the red-legged partridge (Caccabis rubra
) of Southern Europe and Asia are well-known
2. Any one of several species of quail-like birds belonging
, and allied genera. [U.S.]
Note: Among them are the bobwhite (Colinus Virginianus
the Eastern States; the plumed, or mountain, partridge
) of California; the Massena
partridge (Cyrtonyx Montezum[ae]
); and the California
partridge (Callipepla Californica
3. The ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus
). [New Eng.]
(Zo["o]l.), a spurred partridge of the
. Several species are found in China
and the East Indies.
(Zo["o]l.), the woodcock. [Local, U.S.]
(Zo["o]l.), a francolin of South Africa
(a) The scarlet berry of a trailing american plant
) of the order Rubiace[ae]
having roundish evergreen leaves, and white fragrant
flowers sometimes tinged with purple, growing in pairs
with the ovaries united, and producing the berries
which remain over winter; also, the plant itself.
(b) The fruit of the creeping wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens
); also, the plant itself.
(Zo["o]l.) Same as Mountain witch
(Bot.), a yellow-flowered leguminous herb
), common in sandy fields in the
Eastern United States.
(Zo["o]l.), a large marine univalve shell
), having colors variegated like those of
(a) A variegated wood, much esteemed for cabinetwork. It
is obtained from tropical America, and one source of
it is said to be the leguminous tree Andira inermis
Called also pheasant wood
(b) A name sometimes given to the dark-colored and
striated wood of some kind of palm, which is used for
walking sticks and umbrella handles.
(Zo["o]l.), an Asiatic sand partridge
); -- so called from its note.
(Zo["o]l.), a large spurred partridge
) which inhabits the high mountains of
Asia; called also jermoonal
. See under Spruce
, or Hill partridge
(Zo["o]l.), any small
Asiatic partridge of the genus Arboricola
, a. [Compar. Wilder
; superl. Wildest
wilde, AS. wilde; akin to OFries. wilde, D. wild, OS. & OHG.
wildi, G. wild, Sw. & Dan. vild, Icel. villr wild,
bewildered, astray, Goth. wilpeis wild, and G. & OHG. wild
game, deer; of uncertain origin.]
1. Living in a state of nature; inhabiting natural haunts, as
the forest or open field; not familiar with, or not easily
approached by, man; not tamed or domesticated; as, a wild
boar; a wild ox; a wild cat.
Winter's not gone yet, if the wild geese fly that
2. Growing or produced without culture; growing or prepared
without the aid and care of man; native; not cultivated;
brought forth by unassisted nature or by animals not
domesticated; as, wild parsnip, wild camomile, wild
strawberry, wild honey.
The woods and desert caves,
With wild thyme and gadding vine o'ergrown.
3. Desert; not inhabited or cultivated; as, wild land. “To
trace the forests wild.”
4. Savage; uncivilized; not refined by culture; ferocious;
rude; as, wild natives of Africa or America.
5. Not submitted to restraint, training, or regulation;
turbulent; tempestuous; violent; ungoverned; licentious;
inordinate; disorderly; irregular; fanciful; imaginary;
visionary; crazy. “Valor grown wild by pride.”
“A wild, speculative project.”
What are these
So withered and so wild in their attire ? --Shak.
With mountains, as with weapons, armed; which makes
Wild work in heaven. --Milton.
The wild winds howl. --Addison.
Search then the ruling passion, there, alone
The wild are constant, and the cunning known.
6. Exposed to the wind and sea; unsheltered; as, a wild
7. Indicating strong emotion, intense excitement, or
?ewilderment; as, a wild look.
8. (Naut.) Hard to steer; -- said of a vessel.
Note: Many plants are named by prefixing wild to the names of
other better known or cultivated plants to which they a
bear a real or fancied resemblance; as, wild allspice,
wild pink, etc. See the Phrases below.
To run wild
, to go unrestrained or untamed; to live or
untamed; to live or grow without culture or training.
To sow one's wild oats
. See under Oat
. (Bot.), spicewood.
Wild balsam apple
(Bot.), an American climbing
cucurbitaceous plant (Echinocystis lobata
(Bot.), a fragrant labiate herb (Calamintha Clinopodium
) common in Europe and America.
(Bot.), a name of several leguminous plants,
mostly species of Phaseolus
(Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of
undomesticated social bees, especially the domestic bee
when it has escaped from domestication and built its nest
in a hollow tree or among rocks.
. (Bot.) See under Bergamot
(Zo["o]l.), the European wild hog (Sus scrofa
from which the common domesticated swine is descended.
(Bot.), any uncultivated species of brier. See
(Bot.), an annual rough-leaved plant
) with small blue flowers.
(Bot.), one or more plants of the composite
, much resembling camomile.
(a) A European carnivore (Felis catus
resembling the domestic cat, but larger stronger, and
having a short tail. It is destructive to the smaller
domestic animals, such as lambs, kids, poultry, and
(b) The common American lynx, or bay lynx.
(c) (Naut.) A wheel which can be adjusted so as to revolve
either with, or on, the shaft of a capstan. --Luce.
. (Bot.) See Tape grass
, under Tape
(a) Any uncultivated tree which bears cherries. The wild
red cherry is Prunus Pennsylvanica
. The wild black
cherry is Prunus serotina
, the wood of which is much
used for cabinetwork, being of a light red color and a
(b) The fruit of various species of Prunus
. See the Note under Canella
(Bot.), an American plant (Cynoglossum Virginicum
) of the Borage family. It has large bristly
leaves and small blue flowers.
(Bot.), an annual umbelliferous plant
) native in the countries about
(Zo["o]l.) the mallard.
(Bot.), an American plant (Aralia hispida
the Ginseng family.
(Zo["o]l.) any wild bird, especially any of those
considered as game birds.
(Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of
undomesticated geese, especially the Canada goose (Branta Canadensis
), the European bean goose, and the graylag.
, and Bean goose
, under Bean
Wild goose chase
, the pursuit of something unattainable, or
of something as unlikely to be caught as the wild goose.
, honey made by wild bees, and deposited in
trees, rocks, the like.
. (Bot.) See Hyacinth
(Bot.), a thorny bush (Discaria Toumatou
of the Buckthorn family, found in New Zealand, where the
natives use the spines in tattooing.
(a) Land not cultivated, or in a state that renders it
unfit for cultivation.
(b) Land which is not settled and cultivated.
. (Bot.) See under Licorice
(Bot.), the oblong, yellowish, acid fruit of a
tropical American tree (Rheedia lateriflora
); -- so
called in the West Indies.
(Bot.), a labiate plant (Origanum vulgare
much like the sweet marjoram, but less aromatic.
(a) A tall, oatlike kind of soft grass (Arrhenatherum avenaceum
(b) See Wild oats
, under Oat
(Bot.), a species of dock (Rumex hymenosepalus
) found from Texas to California. Its acid,
juicy stems are used as a substitute for the garden
(a) The rock dove.
(b) The passenger pigeon.
(Bot.), an American plant (Silene Pennsylvanica
) with pale, pinkish flowers; a kind of
(Bot.), an arborescent endogenous herb
), much resembling the banana. Its
leaves and leaf sheaths are much used in the West Indies
as coverings for packages of merchandise.
(a) Any kind of plum growing without cultivation.
(b) The South African prune. See under Prune
. (Bot.) See Indian rice
, under Rice
(Bot.), the evergreen shrub Andromeda polifolia
. See Marsh rosemary
, under Rosemary
. (Bot.) See Sagebrush
(Bot.), a species of ginseng (Aralia nudicaulis
) bearing a single long-stalked leaf.
Wild sensitive plant
(Bot.), either one of two annual
leguminous herbs (Cassia Cham[ae]crista
, and Cassia nictitans
), in both of which the leaflets close quickly
when the plant is disturbed.
.(Bot.) See Sorb
(Bot.), any one of several umbelliferous
plants of the genus Aciphylla
, natives of New Zealand.
The leaves bear numerous bayonetlike spines, and the
plants form an impenetrable thicket.
. (Zo["o]l.) See 2d Turkey