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Definition: Canon of the Mass
(m[.a]s), n. [OE. masse, messe, AS. m[ae]sse. LL.
missa, from L. mittere, missum, to send, dismiss: cf. F.
messe. In the ancient churches, the public services at which
the catechumens were permitted to be present were called
missa catechumenorum, ending with the reading of the Gospel.
Then they were dismissed with these words : “Ite, missa
[sc. ecclesia], the congregation is dismissed. After
that the sacrifice proper began. At its close the same words
were said to those who remained. So the word gave the name of
Mass to the sacrifice in the Catholic Church. See Missile
and cf. Christmas
a dish, Missal
1. (R. C. Ch.) The sacrifice in the sacrament of the
Eucharist, or the consecration and oblation of the host.
2. (Mus.) The portions of the Mass usually set to music,
considered as a musical composition; -- namely, the Kyrie,
the Gloria, the Credo, the Sanctus, and the Agnus Dei,
besides sometimes an Offertory and the Benedictus.
Canon of the Mass
. See Canon
, Mass with incense, music, the assistance of a
deacon, subdeacon, etc.
, Mass which is said by the priest throughout,
, the sanctus bell. See Sanctus
, the missal or Roman Catholic service book.
(k[a^]n"[u^]n), n. [OE. canon, canoun, AS. canon
rule (cf. F. canon, LL. canon, and, for sense 7, F. chanoine,
LL. canonicus), fr. L. canon a measuring line, rule, model,
fr. Gr. kanw`n rule, rod, fr. ka`nh, ka`nnh, reed. See
, and cf. Canonical
1. A law or rule.
Or that the Everlasting had not fixed
His canon 'gainst self-slaughter. --Shak.
2. (Eccl.) A law, or rule of doctrine or discipline, enacted
by a council and confirmed by the pope or the sovereign; a
decision, regulation, code, or constitution made by
Various canons which were made in councils held in
the second centry. --Hook.
3. The collection of books received as genuine Holy
Scriptures, called the sacred canon
, or general rule of
moral and religious duty, given by inspiration; the Bible;
also, any one of the canonical Scriptures. See Canonical books
, under Canonical
4. In monasteries, a book containing the rules of a religious
5. A catalogue of saints acknowledged and canonized in the
Roman Catholic Church.
6. A member of a cathedral chapter; a person who possesses a
prebend in a cathedral or collegiate church.
7. (Mus.) A musical composition in which the voices begin one
after another, at regular intervals, successively taking
up the same subject. It either winds up with a coda
(tailpiece), or, as each voice finishes, commences anew,
thus forming a perpetual fugue or round. It is the
strictest form of imitation. See Imitation
8. (Print.) The largest size of type having a specific name;
-- so called from having been used for printing the canons
of the church.
9. The part of a bell by which it is suspended; -- called
Note: [See Illust. of Bell
10. (Billiards) See Carom
. See under Apostolical
, Black canons
. See under
, Canon residentiary
, a resident member of
a cathedral chapter (during a part or the whole of the
. See under Law
Canon of the Mass
(R. C. Ch.), that part of the mass,
following the Sanctus, which never changes.
, a canon who neither lived in a
monastery, nor kept the canonical hours.
(Ch. of Eng.), one who has been admitted to a
chapter, but has not yet received a prebend.
(R. C. Ch.), one who lived in a conventual
community and followed the rule of St. Austin; a Black
(R. C. Ch.), one who did not live in a
monastery, but kept the hours.
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