Found 1 items, similar to Black grass.
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Definition: Black grass
, n. [OE. gras, gres, gers, AS, gr[ae]s, g[ae]rs;
akin to OFries. gres, gers, OS., D., G., Icel., & Goth. gras,
Dan. gr[ae]s, Sw. gr[aum]s, and prob. to E. green, grow. Cf.
1. Popularly: Herbage; the plants which constitute the food
of cattle and other beasts; pasture.
2. (Bot.) An endogenous plant having simple leaves, a stem
generally jointed and tubular, the husks or glumes in
pairs, and the seed single.
Note: This definition includes wheat, rye, oats, barley,
etc., and excludes clover and some other plants which
are commonly called by the name of grass. The grasses
form a numerous family of plants.
3. The season of fresh grass; spring. [Colloq.]
Two years old next grass. --Latham.
4. Metaphorically used for what is transitory.
Surely the people is grass. --Is. xl. 7.
Note: The following list includes most of the grasses of the
United States of special interest, except cereals. Many
of these terms will be found with definitions in the
Vocabulary. See Illustrations in Appendix. Barnyard
grass, for hay. South. Panicum Grus-galli
pasture and hay. Agrostis
, several species. Bermuda
grass, pasture. South. Cynodon Dactylon
. Black bent.
Same as Switch grass
(below). Blue bent, hay. North
and West. Andropogon provincialis
. Blue grass,
pasture. Poa compressa
. Blue joint, hay. Northwest.
. Buffalo grass, grazing. Rocky
(a) Buchlo["e] dectyloides
(b) Same as Grama grass
(below). Bunch grass, grazing.
Far West. Eriocoma
, etc. Chess,
or Cheat, a weed. Bromus secalinus
, etc. Couch
grass. Same as Quick grass
(below). Crab grass,
(a) Hay, in South. A weed, in North. Panicum sanguinale
(b) Pasture and hay. South. Eleusine Indica
(a) Bearded, a noxious weed. Lolium temulentum
(b) Common. Same as Rye grass
(below). Drop seed, fair
for forage and hay. Muhlenbergia
, several species.
English grass. Same as Redtop (below). Fowl meadow
(a) Pasture and hay. Poa serotina
(b) Hay, on moist land. Gryceria nervata
. Gama grass,
cut fodder. South. Tripsacum dactyloides
grass, grazing. West and Pacific slope. Bouteloua oligostachya
, etc. Great bunch grass, pasture and
hay. Far West. Festuca scabrella
. Guinea grass, hay.
South. Panicum jumentorum
. Herd's grass, in New
England Timothy, in Pennsylvania and South Redtop.
Indian grass. Same as Wood grass
rye grass, forage and hay. Lolium Italicum
grass, grazing and hay. South and Southwest. Sorghum Halepense
. Kentucky blue grass, pasture. Poa pratensis
. Lyme grass, coarse hay. South. Elymus
several species. Manna grass, pasture and hay.
, several species. Meadow fescue, pasture
and hay. Festuca elatior
. Meadow foxtail, pasture,
hay, lawn. North. Alopecurus pratensis
grass, pasture, hay, lawn. Poa
, several species.
Mesquite grass, or Muskit grass. Same as Grama grass
(above). Nimble Will, a kind of drop seed.
. Orchard grass, pasture and hay.
. Porcupine grass, troublesome to
sheep. Northwest. Stipa spartea
. Quaking grass,
ornamental. Briza media
. Quitch, or
Quick, grass, etc., a weed. Agropyrum repens
grass. Same as Rye grass
(below). Redtop, pasture
and hay. Agrostis vulgaris
. Red-topped buffalo
grass, forage. Northwest. Poa tenuifolia
canary grass, of slight value. Phalaris arundinacea
Reed meadow grass, hay. North. Glyceria aquatica
Ribbon grass, a striped leaved form of Reed canary grass
. Rye grass, pasture, hay. Lolium perenne
var. Seneca grass, fragrant basket work, etc. North.
. Sesame grass. Same as Gama grass
(above). Sheep's fescue, sheep pasture, native
in Northern Europe and Asia. Festuca ovina
reed grass, meadow pasture and hay. North. Deyeuxia Canadensis
. Spear grass, Same as Meadow grass
(above). Squirrel-tail grass, troublesome to animals.
Seacoast and Northwest. Hordeum jubatum
grass, hay, cut young. Panicum virgatum
cut young, the best of hay. North. Phleum pratense
Velvet grass, hay on poor soil. South. Holcus lanatus
. Vernal grass, pasture, hay, lawn.
. Wire grass, valuable in
pastures. Poa compressa
. Wood grass, Indian grass,
hay. Chrysopogon nutans
Note: Many plants are popularly called grasses which are not
true grasses botanically considered, such as black
grass, goose grass, star grass, etc.
, a kind of small rush (Juncus Gerardi
growing in salt marshes, used for making salt hay.
Grass of the Andes
, an oat grass, the Arrhenatherum avenaceum
Grass of Parnassus
, a plant of the genus Parnassia
growing in wet ground. The European species is Parnassia palustris
; in the United States there are several
(Zo["o]l.), the calico bass.
, the dunlin.
, a cloth woven from the tough fibers of the
, a perennial herb of the Nettle family
syn. Urtica nivea
), which grows in
Sumatra, China, and Assam, whose inner bark has fine and
strong fibers suited for textile purposes.
(a) A common American sparrow (Po["o]c[ae]tes gramineus
); -- called also vesper sparrow
(b) Any Australian finch, of the genus Po["e]phila
which several species are known.
, a lamb suckled by a dam running on pasture land
and giving rich milk.
, land kept in grass and not tilled.
(Zo["o]l.), one of many small moths of the genus
, found in grass.
, a fragrant essential volatile oil, obtained in
India from grasses of the genus Andropogon
, etc.; --
used in perfumery under the name of citronella
, ginger grass oil
, lemon grass oil
, essence of verbena
(Zo["o]l.), a South African owl (Strix Capensis
(Zo["o]l.), any of several species of
Australian parrots, of the genus Euphemia
; -- also
applied to the zebra parrakeet.
(Zo["o]l.), the upland or field plover.
(Bot.), a species of willowwort (Lythrum Hyssopifolia
(Zo["o]l.), one of several tropical American
finches of the genus Euetheia
. The males have most of
the head and chest black and often marked with yellow.
(a) The common English, or ringed, snake (Tropidonotus natrix
(b) The common green snake of the Northern United States.
See Green snake
, under Green
(Zo["o]l.), the pectoral sandpiper (Tringa maculata
); -- called also jacksnipe
(Zo["o]l.), a common spider (Agelena n[ae]via
), which spins flat webs on grass, conspicuous
when covered with dew.
(Zo["o]l.), an inferior kind of commercial
sponge from Florida and the Bahamas.
. (Arch.) See Earth table
, under Earth
(Bot.), a vetch (Lathyrus Nissolia
narrow grasslike leaves.
. [Cf. Prov. R. an unmarried mother, G.
strohwittwe a mock widow, Sw. gr["a]senka a grass widow.]
(a) An unmarried woman who is a mother. [Obs.]
(b) A woman separated from her husband by abandonment or
prolonged absence; a woman living apart from her
To bring to grass
(Mining.), to raise, as ore, to the
surface of the ground.
To put to grass
, To put out to grass
, to put out to graze
a season, as cattle.
(bl[a^]k), a. [OE. blak, AS. bl[ae]c; akin to
Icel. blakkr dark, swarthy, Sw. bl["a]ck ink, Dan. bl[ae]k,
OHG. blach, LG. & D. blaken to burn with a black smoke. Not
akin to AS. bl[=a]c, E. bleak pallid. [root]98.]
1. Destitute of light, or incapable of reflecting it; of the
color of soot or coal; of the darkest or a very dark
color, the opposite of white
; characterized by such a
color; as, black cloth; black hair or eyes.
O night, with hue so black! --Shak.
2. In a less literal sense: Enveloped or shrouded in
darkness; very dark or gloomy; as, a black night; the
heavens black with clouds.
I spy a black, suspicious, threatening cloud.
3. Fig.: Dismal, gloomy, or forbidding, like darkness;
destitute of moral light or goodness; atrociously wicked;
cruel; mournful; calamitous; horrible. “This day's black
fate.” “Black villainy.” “Arise, black vengeance.”
“Black day.” “Black despair.”
4. Expressing menace, or discontent; threatening; sullen;
foreboding; as, to regard one with black looks.
Note: Black is often used in self-explaining compound words;
as, black-eyed, black-faced, black-haired,
, the English statute 9 George I, which makes it a
felony to appear armed in any park or warren, etc., or to
hunt or steal deer, etc., with the face blackened or
disguised. Subsequent acts inflicting heavy penalties for
malicious injuries to cattle and machinery have been
called black acts.
(Zo["o]l.), a fish of the West Indies and
Florida (Holacanthus tricolor
), with the head and tail
yellow, and the middle of the body black.
(Chem.), the black sulphide of antimony,
, used in pyrotechnics, etc.
(Zo["o]l.), the common American bear (Ursus Americanus
. See B[^e]te noire
(Zo["o]l.), the common large cockroach
(Zo["o]l.), the black-headed bunting (Embriza Sch[oe]niclus
) of Europe.
, a disease in turnips and other crops,
produced by a species of caterpillar.
(Zo["o]l.), the fisher, a quadruped of North
America allied to the sable, but larger. See Fisher
, any bovine cattle reared for slaughter, in
distinction from dairy cattle. [Eng.]
. See under Cherry
(Zo["o]l.), the palm cockatoo. See
. Same as Melaconite
. (Bot.) See Currant
. (Min.) See Carbonado
(Med.), a cathartic medicine, composed of
senna and magnesia.
(Med.), vinegar of opium; a narcotic preparation
consisting essentially of a solution of opium in vinegar.
, mold; earth of a dark color. --Woodward.
, the flag of a pirate, often bearing in white a
skull and crossbones; a signal of defiance.
(Zo["o]l.), a flea beetle (Haltica nemorum
injurious to turnips.
, a mixture of carbonate of potash and charcoal,
obtained by deflagrating tartar with half its weight of
niter. --Brande & C.
[a translation of G. Schwarzwald], a forest in
Baden and W["u]rtemburg, in Germany; a part of the ancient
, or Black grouse
. (Zo["o]l.) See Blackcock
, and Heath grouse
(Bot.), a grasslike rush of the species Juncus Gerardi
, growing on salt marshes, and making good hay.
(Bot.), an American tree, the tupelo or
pepperidge. See Tupelo
Black Hamburg (grape)
(Bot.), a sweet and juicy variety of
dark purple or “black”
(Zo["o]l.), a fish of the Mississippi valley
), of the sucker family; the
(Zo["o]l.), the Lemurniger
of Madagascar; the
of the natives.
, a list of persons who are for some reason
thought deserving of censure or punishment; -- esp. a list
of persons stigmatized as insolvent or untrustworthy, made
for the protection of tradesmen or employers. See
, v. t.
(Chem.), the black oxide of manganese,
, the close wagon in which prisoners are carried
to or from jail.
(Zo["o]l.), the chimney swift. See Swift
(Bot.), the common so-called long moss of the
southern United States. See Tillandsia
. See under Oak
. See Wad
, a very fine, light carbonaceous substance,
or lampblack, prepared chiefly for the manufacture of
printers' ink. It is obtained by burning common coal tar.
, sheet iron before it is tinned. --Knight.
, malignant anthrax with engorgement of a
shoulder or quarter, etc., as of an ox.
(Zo["o]l.), one of the species of rats (Mus rattus
), commonly infesting houses.
. See Blackmail
, n., 3.
, a disease of wheat, in which a black, moist
matter is deposited in the fissures of the grain.
, one in a family or company who is unlike the
rest, and makes trouble.
. (Min.) See under Silver
Black and tan
, black mixed or spotted with tan color or
reddish brown; -- used in describing certain breeds of
. See under Tea
(Mining), tin ore (cassiterite), when dressed,
stamped and washed, ready for smelting. It is in the form
of a black powder, like fine sand. --Knight.
. See under Walnut
(Zo["o]l.), an American hawk (Buteo Harlani
Syn: Dark; murky; pitchy; inky; somber; dusky; gloomy; swart;
Cimmerian; ebon; atrocious.