Found 2 items, similar to wire gauge.
English → English
Definition: wire gauge
n : gauge for measuring the diameter of wire [syn: wire gage
English → English
Definition: Wire gauge
, n. [Written also gage.]
1. A measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to
determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard.
This plate must be a gauge to file your worm and
groove to equal breadth by. --Moxon.
There is not in our hands any fixed gauge of minds.
2. Measure; dimensions; estimate.
The gauge and dimensions of misery, depression, and
3. (Mach. & Manuf.) Any instrument for ascertaining or
regulating the dimensions or forms of things; a templet or
template; as, a button maker's gauge.
4. (Physics) Any instrument or apparatus for measuring the
state of a phenomenon, or for ascertaining its numerical
elements at any moment; -- usually applied to some
particular instrument; as, a rain gauge; a steam gauge.
(a) Relative positions of two or more vessels with
reference to the wind; as, a vessel has the weather
gauge of another when on the windward side of it, and
the lee gauge when on the lee side of it.
(b) The depth to which a vessel sinks in the water.
6. The distance between the rails of a railway.
Note: The standard gauge of railroads in most countries is
four feet, eight and one half inches. Wide, or broad,
gauge, in the United States, is six feet; in England,
seven feet, and generally any gauge exceeding standard
gauge. Any gauge less than standard gauge is now called
narrow gauge. It varies from two feet to three feet six
7. (Plastering) The quantity of plaster of Paris used with
common plaster to accelerate its setting.
8. (Building) That part of a shingle, slate, or tile, which
is exposed to the weather, when laid; also, one course of
such shingles, slates, or tiles.
Gauge of a carriage
, etc., the distance between the
wheels; -- ordinarily called the track
, a stop cock used as a try cock for ascertaining
the height of the water level in a steam boiler.
(Railroads), the jar caused by a car-wheel
flange striking the edge of the rail.
, a glass tube for a water gauge.
, an automatic lathe for turning a round object
having an irregular profile, as a baluster or chair round,
to a templet or gauge.
, the diameter of a cylinder whose altitude is
one inch, and contents equal to that of a unit of a given
measure; -- a term used in gauging casks, etc.
, a graduated rod, for measuring the capacity of
barrels, casks, etc.
, a handsaw, with a gauge to regulate the depth of
, a stiff and compact plaster, used in making
cornices, moldings, etc., by means of a templet.
, a wheel at the forward end of a plow beam, to
determine the depth of the furrow.
, an instrument used to strike a line
parallel to the straight side of a board, etc.
, an instrument to regulate the length of
, an instrument for measuring the quantity of
rain at any given place.
, or Brine gauge
, an instrument or contrivance
for indicating the degree of saltness of water from its
specific gravity, as in the boilers of ocean steamers.
, an instrument for finding the depth of the sea.
, a glass siphon tube, partly filled with
mercury, -- used to indicate pressure, as of steam, or the
degree of rarefaction produced in the receiver of an air
pump or other vacuum; a manometer.
(a) A templet or pattern for gauging the commonly accepted
dimensions or shape of certain parts in general use,
as screws, railway-car axles, etc.
(b) A gauge used only for testing other similar gauges,
and preserved as a reference, to detect wear of the
(c) (Railroads) See Note under Gauge
, n., 5.
(Ordnance), an instrument for measuring the
diameter of the bore of a cannon at any point of its
, an instrument for measuring the pressure of
steam, as in a boiler.
, an instrument for determining the height of the
, a species of barometer for determining the
relative elasticities of the vapor in the condenser of a
steam engine and the air.
(a) A contrivance for indicating the height of a water
surface, as in a steam boiler; as by a gauge cock or
(b) The height of the water in the boiler.
, an instrument for measuring the force of the
wind on any given surface; an anemometer.
, a gauge for determining the diameter of wire or
the thickness of sheet metal; also, a standard of size.
See under Wire
(w[imac]r), n. [OE. wir, AS. wir; akin to Icel.
v[=i]rr, Dan. vire, LG. wir, wire; cf. OHG. wiara fine gold;
perhaps akin to E. withy. [root]141.]
1. A thread or slender rod of metal; a metallic substance
formed to an even thread by being passed between grooved
rollers, or drawn through holes in a plate of steel.
Note: Wire is made of any desired form, as round, square,
triangular, etc., by giving this shape to the hole in
the drawplate, or between the rollers.
2. A telegraph wire or cable; hence, an electric telegraph;
as, to send a message by wire. [Colloq.]
3. Chiefly in pl. The system of wires used to operate the
puppets in a puppet show; hence (Chiefly Political Slang),
the network of hidden influences controlling the action of
a person or organization; as, to pull the wires for
office; -- in this sense, synonymous with strings
[Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]
4. One who picks women's pockets. [Thieves' Slang]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
5. A knitting needle. [Scot.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
6. A wire stretching across over a race track at the judges'
stand, to mark the line at which the races end. [Racing
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
, Wire mattress
, an elastic bed bottom or
mattress made of wires interwoven or looped together in
, a bridge suspended from wires, or cables made
, a shot cartridge having the shot inclosed
in a wire cage.
, a coarse cloth made of woven metallic wire, --
used for strainers, and for various other purposes.
, the thin, wirelike thread of metal sometimes
formed on the edge of a tool by the stone in sharpening
, a fence consisting of posts with strained
horizontal wires, wire netting, or other wirework,
or Wire gage
(a) A gauge for measuring the diameter of wire, thickness
of sheet metal, etc., often consisting of a metal
plate with a series of notches of various widths in
(b) A standard series of sizes arbitrarily indicated, as
by numbers, to which the diameter of wire or the
thickness of sheet metal in usually made, and which is
used in describing the size or thickness. There are
many different standards for wire gauges, as in
different countries, or for different kinds of metal,
the Birmingham wire gauges and the American wire gauge
being often used and designated by the abbreviations
B. W. G. and A. W. G. respectively.
, a texture of finely interwoven wire, resembling
(Bot.), either of the two common grasses
, valuable for hay and pasture, and Poa compressa
, or blue grass. See Blue grass
(Zo["o]l.), a wireworm.
, wire rods of iron.
, wire cloth or wire netting applied in the
place of wooden lathing for holding plastering.
. See Wire bed
, a micrometer having spider lines, or fine
wires, across the field of the instrument.
, a nail formed of a piece of wire which is headed
, a texture of woven wire coarser than ordinary
, a metal rod from which wire is formed by drawing.
, a rope formed wholly, or in great part, of
down to the wire
, up to the last moment, as in a race or
competition; as, the two front runners were neck-and-neck
down to the wire. From wire
under the wire
, just in time; shortly before the deadline;
as, to file an application just under the wire.