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Hasil cari dari kata atau frase: special homology (0.00821 detik)
Found 1 items, similar to special homology.
English → English (gcide) Definition: Special homology Special \Spe"cial\, a. [L. specialis, fr. species a particular sort, kind, or quality: cf. F. sp['e]cial. See Species, and cf. Especial.] 1. Of or pertaining to a species; constituting a species or sort. [1913 Webster] A special is called by the schools a “species”. --I. Watts. [1913 Webster] 2. Particular; peculiar; different from others; extraordinary; uncommon. [1913 Webster] Our Savior is represented everywhere in Scripture as the special patron of the poor and the afficted. --Atterbury. [1913 Webster] To this special evil an improvement of style would apply a special redress. --De Quincey. [1913 Webster] 3. Appropriate; designed for a particular purpose, occasion, or person; as, a special act of Parliament or of Congress; a special sermon. [1913 Webster] 4. Limited in range; confined to a definite field of action, investigation, or discussion; as, a special dictionary of commercial terms; a special branch of study. [1913 Webster] 5. Chief in excellence. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] The king hath drawn The special head of all the land together. --Shak. [1913 Webster] Special administration (Law), an administration limited to certain specified effects or acts, or one granted during a particular time or the existence of a special cause, as during a controversy respecting the probate of a will, or the right of administration, etc. Special agency, an agency confined to some particular matter. Special bail, Bail above, or Bail to the action (Law), sureties who undertake that, if the defendant is convicted, he shall satisfy the plaintiff, or surrender himself into custody. --Tomlins. --Wharton (Law Dict.). Special constable. See under Constable. --Bouvier. Special damage (Law), a damage resulting from the act complained of, as a natural, but not the necessary, consequence of it. Special demurrer (Law), a demurrer for some defect of form in the opposite party pleading, in which the cause of demurrer is particularly stated. Special deposit, a deposit made of a specific thing to be kept distinct from others. Special homology. (Biol.) See under Homology. Special injuction (Law), an injuction granted on special grounds, arising of the circumstances of the case. --Daniell. Special issue (Law), an issue produced upon a special plea. --Stephen. Special jury (Law), a jury consisting of persons of some particular calling, station, or qualification, which is called upon motion of either party when the cause is supposed to require it; a struck jury. Special orders (Mil.), orders which do not concern, and are not published to, the whole command, such as those relating to the movement of a particular corps, a detail, a temporary camp, etc. Special partner, a limited partner; a partner with a limited or restricted responsibility; -- unknown at common law. Special partnership, a limited or particular partnership; -- a term sometimes applied to a partnership in a particular business, operation, or adventure. Special plea in bar (Law), a plea setting forth particular and new matter, distinguished from the general issue. --Bouvier. Special pleader (Law), originally, a counsel who devoted himself to drawing special counts and pleas; in a wider sense, a lawyer who draws pleadings. Special pleading (Law), the allegation of special or new matter, as distingiushed from a direct denial of matter previously alleged on the side. --Bouvier. The popular denomination of the whole science of pleading. --Stephen. The phrase is sometimes popularly applied to the specious, but unsound, argumentation of one whose aim is victory, and not truth. --Burrill. Special property (Law), a qualified or limited ownership possession, as in wild animals, things found or bailed. Special session, an extraordinary session; a session at an unusual time or for an unusual purpose; as, a special session of Congress or of a legislature. Special statute, or Special law, an act of the legislature which has reference to a particular person, place, or interest; a private law; -- in distinction from a general law or public law. Special verdict (Law), a special finding of the facts of the case, leaving to the court the application of the law to them. --Wharton (Law Dict.). [1913 Webster] Syn: Peculiar; appropriate; specific; dictinctive; particular; exceptional; singular. See Peculiar. [1913 Webster] Homology \Ho*mol"o*gy\, n. [Gr. ? agreement. See Homologous.] 1. The quality of being homologous; correspondence; relation; as, the homologyof similar polygons. [1913 Webster] 2. (Biol.) Correspondence or relation in type of structure in contradistinction to similarity of function; as, the relation in structure between the leg and arm of a man; or that between the arm of a man, the fore leg of a horse, the wing of a bird, and the fin of a fish, all these organs being modifications of one type of structure. [1913 Webster] Note: Homology indicates genetic relationship, and according to Haeckel special homology should be defined in terms of identity of embryonic origin. See Homotypy, and Homogeny. [1913 Webster] 3. (Chem.) The correspondence or resemblance of substances belonging to the same type or series; a similarity of composition varying by a small, regular difference, and usually attended by a regular variation in physical properties; as, there is an homology between methane, CH4, ethane, C2H6, propane, C3H8, etc., all members of the paraffin series. In an extended sense, the term is applied to the relation between chemical elements of the same group; as, chlorine, bromine, and iodine are said to be in homology with each other. Cf. Heterology. [1913 Webster] General homology (Biol.), the higher relation which a series of parts, or a single part, bears to the fundamental or general type on which the group is constituted. --Owen. Serial homology (Biol.), representative or repetitive relation in the segments of the same organism, -- as in the lobster, where the parts follow each other in a straight line or series. --Owen. See Homotypy. Special homology (Biol.), the correspondence of a part or organ with those of a different animal, as determined by relative position and connection. --Owen. [1913 Webster]

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