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Definition: Stone plover
, n. [OF. plovier, F. pluvier, prop., the rain
bird, fr. LL. (assumed) pluviarius, fr. L. pluvia rain, from
pluere to rain; akin to E. float, G. fliessen to flow. See
1. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of numerous species of limicoline birds
belonging to the family Charadrid[ae]
, and especially
those belonging to the subfamily Charadrins[ae]
are prized as game birds.
2. (Zo["o]l.) Any grallatorial bird allied to, or resembling,
the true plovers, as the crab plover (Dromas ardeola
the American upland, plover (Bartramia longicauda
other species of sandpipers.
Note: Among the more important species are the blackbellied plover
or blackbreasted plover
) of America and Europe; -- called also
, bull-head plover
, Swiss plover
, sea plover
, and oxeye
; the golden plover
); the ring plover
or ringed plover
). See Ringneck
. The piping plover
); Wilson's plover
); the mountain plover
); and the semipalmated plover
), are all small American
(Zo["o]l.), the lapwing.
, or yellow-legged plover
, the dunlin. [Prov. Eng.]
, or Stone plover
, the black-bellied plover.
(a) The golden plover.
(b) The black-bellied plover.
, n. [OE. ston, stan, AS. st[=a]n; akin to OS. &
OFries. st[=e]n, D. steen, G. stein, Icel. steinn, Sw. sten,
Dan. steen, Goth. stains, Russ. stiena a wall, Gr. ?, ?, a
pebble. [root]167. Cf. Steen
1. Concreted earthy or mineral matter; also, any particular
mass of such matter; as, a house built of stone; the boy
threw a stone; pebbles are rounded stones. “Dumb as a
They had brick for stone, and slime . . . for
mortar. --Gen. xi. 3.
Note: In popular language, very large masses of stone are
called rocks; small masses are called stones; and the
finer kinds, gravel, or sand, or grains of sand. Stone
is much and widely used in the construction of
buildings of all kinds, for walls, fences, piers,
abutments, arches, monuments, sculpture, and the like.
2. A precious stone; a gem. “Many a rich stone.”
“Inestimable stones, unvalued jewels.”
3. Something made of stone. Specifically:
(a) The glass of a mirror; a mirror. [Obs.]
Lend me a looking-glass;
If that her breath will mist or stain the stone,
Why, then she lives. --Shak.
(b) A monument to the dead; a gravestone. --Gray.
Should some relenting eye
Glance on the where our cold relics lie. --Pope.
4. (Med.) A calculous concretion, especially one in the
kidneys or bladder; the disease arising from a calculus.
5. One of the testes; a testicle. --Shak.
6. (Bot.) The hard endocarp of drupes; as, the stone of a
cherry or peach. See Illust. of Endocarp
7. A weight which legally is fourteen pounds, but in practice
varies with the article weighed. [Eng.]
Note: The stone of butchers' meat or fish is reckoned at 8
lbs.; of cheese, 16 lbs.; of hemp, 32 lbs.; of glass, 5
8. Fig.: Symbol of hardness and insensibility; torpidness;
insensibility; as, a heart of stone.
I have not yet forgot myself to stone. --Pope.
9. (Print.) A stand or table with a smooth, flat top of
stone, commonly marble, on which to arrange the pages of a
book, newspaper, etc., before printing; -- called also
Note: Stone is used adjectively or in composition with other
words to denote made of stone, containing a stone or
stones, employed on stone, or, more generally, of or
pertaining to stone or stones; as, stone fruit, or
stone-fruit; stone-hammer, or stone hammer; stone
falcon, or stone-falcon. Compounded with some
adjectives it denotes a degree of the quality expressed
by the adjective equal to that possessed by a stone;
as, stone-dead, stone-blind, stone-cold, stone-still,
, ivory. [Obs.] “Citron tables, or Atlantic
. Same as Cromlech
. --Encyc. Brit.
, stones which fall from the atmosphere, as
after the explosion of a meteor.
. See under Philosopher
. See Rocking-stone
, a supposed prehistoric age of the world when
stone and bone were habitually used as the materials for
weapons and tools; -- called also flint age
. The bronze age
succeeded to this.
(Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of marine
food fishes of the genus Serranus
and allied genera, as
, and Polyprion cernium
of Europe; --
called also sea perch
(Zo["o]l.), the wolf fish.
, a method of boiling water or milk by
dropping hot stones into it, -- in use among savages.
(Zo["o]l.), any animal that bores stones;
especially, one of certain bivalve mollusks which burrow
in limestone. See Lithodomus
, and Saxicava
(Bot.), a European trailing species of
bramble (Rubus saxatilis
. [Cf. G. steinbrech.] (Bot.) Any plant of the
, a sore spot on the bottom of the foot, from a
bruise by a stone.
. (Zo["o]l.) Same as Sand canal
, under Sand
(Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of small
fresh-water North American catfishes of the genus
. They have sharp pectoral spines with which they
inflict painful wounds.
, hard coal; mineral coal; anthracite coal.
(Zo["o]l.), any hard calcareous coral.
(a) A large crab (Menippe mercenaria
) found on the
southern coast of the United States and much used as
(b) A European spider crab (Lithodes maia
(Zo["o]l.), a European crawfish (Astacus torrentium
), by many writers considered only a variety of
the common species (A. fluviatilis
(a) A large plover found in Europe (Edicnemus crepitans
). It frequents stony places. Called also
, and thick-knee
(b) The whimbrel. [Prov. Eng.]
(c) The willet. [Local, U.S.]
. Same as Stone bruise
. (Zo["o]l.) Same as Stone borer
(Zo["o]l.), the merlin.
(Bot.), a European fern (Asplenium Ceterach
which grows on rocks and walls.
(Zo["o]l.), any one of many species of
pseudoneuropterous insects of the genus Perla
genera; a perlid. They are often used by anglers for bait.
The larv[ae] are aquatic.
(Bot.), any fruit with a stony endocarp; a
drupe, as a peach, plum, or cherry.
(Zo["o]l.), the mud lamprey, or pride.
, a hammer formed with a face at one end, and a
thick, blunt edge, parallel with the handle, at the other,
-- used for breaking stone.
(Zo["o]l.), the merlin; -- so called from its
habit of sitting on bare stones.
, a jar made of stoneware.
(Paleon.), a fossil crinoid.
. (Zo["o]l.) See Stone roller
(Zo["o]l.), a European marten (Mustela foina
) allied to the pine marten, but having a white
throat; -- called also beech marten
, a mason who works or builds in stone.
(Mil.), a kind of large mortar formerly used
in sieges for throwing a mass of small stones short
, rock oil, petroleum.
(Bot.), an umbelliferous plant (Seseli Labanotis
). See under Parsley
. (Bot.) A nut pine. See the Note under Pine
, a quarry where stones are dug.
, hard, inspissated pitch.
(a) The European stone curlew.
(b) Any one of several species of Asiatic plovers of the
; as, the large stone plover (E. recurvirostris
(c) The gray or black-bellied plover. [Prov. Eng.]
(d) The ringed plover.
(e) The bar-tailed godwit. [Prov. Eng.] Also applied to
other species of limicoline birds.
(a) An American fresh-water fish (Catostomus nigricans
of the Sucker family. Its color is yellowish olive,
often with dark blotches. Called also stone lugger
, hog sucker
, hog mullet
(b) A common American cyprinoid fish (Campostoma anomalum
); -- called also stone lugger
, or Stone's throw
, the distance to which a
stone may be thrown by the hand; as, they live a stone's
throw from each other.
(Zo["o]l.), the greater yellowlegs, or tattler.
(a) See Stone roller
(b) A cyprinoid fish (Exoglossum maxillingua
) found in
the rivers from Virginia to New York
. It has a
three-lobed lower lip; -- called also cutlips
To leave no stone unturned
, to do everything that can be
done; to use all practicable means to effect an object.