Found 1 items, similar to Quercus coccifera.
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Definition: Quercus coccifera
([=o]k), n. [OE. oke, ok, ak, AS. [=a]c; akin to D.
eik, G. eiche, OHG. eih, Icel. eik, Sw. ek, Dan. eeg.]
1. (Bot.) Any tree or shrub of the genus Quercus
. The oaks
have alternate leaves, often variously lobed, and
staminate flowers in catkins. The fruit is a smooth nut,
called an acorn
, which is more or less inclosed in a
scaly involucre called the cup or cupule. There are now
recognized about three hundred species, of which nearly
fifty occur in the United States, the rest in Europe,
Asia, and the other parts of North America, a very few
barely reaching the northern parts of South America and
Africa. Many of the oaks form forest trees of grand
proportions and live many centuries. The wood is usually
hard and tough, and provided with conspicuous medullary
rays, forming the silver grain.
2. The strong wood or timber of the oak.
Note: Among the true oaks in America are:
, Quercus nigra
, Quercus Michauxii
, Quercus tinctoria
; -- called also yellow oak
or quercitron oak
(see under Bur
.), Quercus macrocarpa
; -- called
or mossy-cup oak
, Quercus Prinus
and Quercus densiflora
(see under Chinquapin
), Quercus prinoides
Coast live oak
, Quercus agrifolia
, of California; -- also
(see under Live
), Quercus virens
, the best of
all for shipbuilding; also, Quercus Chrysolepis
. Same as Swamp oak
, Quercus obtusifolia
, Quercus rubra
, Quercus coccinea
, Quercus ilicifolia
, Quercus undulata
, Quercus imbricaria
, Quercus falcata
Swamp Spanish oak
, Quercus palustris
Swamp white oak
, Quercus bicolor
, Quercus aquatica
Water white oak
, Quercus lyrata
, Quercus Phellos
[1913 Webster] Among the true oaks in Europe are:
, Quercus Cerris
, Quercus Suber
English white oak
, Quercus Robur
, Quercus Ilex
, Quercus coccifera
, Quercus infectoria
Note: Among plants called oak, but not of the genus
, a valuable timber tree (Oldfieldia Africana
or She oak
, any tree of the genus
, the teak tree (see Teak
. See under Jerusalem
New Zealand oak
, a sapindaceous tree (Alectryon excelsum
, a shrub once not distinguished from poison ivy,
but now restricted to Rhus toxicodendron
or Rhus diversiloba
or Silk-bark oak
, an Australian tree
, oak wood colored green by the growth of the
mycelium of certain fungi.
, a large, smooth, round gall produced on the
leaves of the American red oak by a gallfly (Cynips confluens
). It is green and pulpy when young.
(Zo["o]l.), a British geometrid moth (Biston prodromaria
) whose larva feeds on the oak.
, a gall found on the oak. See 2d Gall
(Bot.), the mycelium of a fungus which forms
leatherlike patches in the fissures of oak wood.
. (Zo["o]l.) See Pruner
, the insect.
, a kind of gall produced on the oak by the
insect Diplolepis lenticularis
, a wartlike gall on the twigs of an oak.
, one of the three great annual English horse races
(the Derby and St. Leger being the others). It was
instituted in 1779 by the Earl of Derby, and so called
from his estate.
To sport one's oak
, to be “not at home to visitors,”
signified by closing the outer (oaken) door of one's
rooms. [Cant, Eng. Univ.]
, n. [Ar. & Per. girmiz. See Crimson
, and cf.
1. (Zo["o]l.) The dried bodies of the females of a scale
insect (Kermes ilices
formerly Coccus ilicis
to the cochineal insect, and found on several species of
oak near the Mediterranean; also, the dye obtained from
them. They are round, about the size of a pea, contain
coloring matter analogous to carmine, and are used in
dyeing. They were anciently thought to be of a vegetable
nature, and were used in medicine. [Written also
2. (Bot.) A small European evergreen oak (Quercus coccifera
) on which the kermes insect (Kermes ilices
formerly Coccus ilicis
) feeds. --J. Smith (Dict. Econ.
3. (Zo["o]l.) [NL.] A genus of scale insects including many
species that feed on oaks. The adult female resembles a
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
(a) (Old Chem.) An artificial amorphous trisulphide of
antimony; -- so called on account of its red color.
(b) (Med. Chem.) A compound of the trioxide and
trisulphide of antimony, used in medicine. This
substance occurs in nature as the mineral kermesite
(k[o^]ch"[i^]*n[=e]l; 277), [Sp.
cochinilla, dim. from L. coccineus, coccinus, scarlet, fr.
coccum the kermes berry, G. ko`kkos berry, especially the
kermes insect, used to dye scarlet, as the cochineal was
formerly supposed to be the grain or seed of a plant, and
this word was formerly defined to be the grain of the
; but cf. also Sp. cochinilla wood louse,
dim. of cochina sow, akin to F. cochon pig.]
A dyestuff consisting of the dried bodies of females of the
, an insect native in Mexico, Central America,
etc., and found on several species of cactus, esp. Opuntia cochinellifera
Note: These insects are gathered from the plant, killed by
the application of heat, and exposed to the sun to dry.
When dried they resemble small, rough berries or seeds,
of a brown or purple color, and form the cochineal of
the shops, which is used for making carmine, and also
as a red dye.
Note: Cochineal contains as its essential coloring matter
carminic acid, a purple red amorphous substance which
yields carmine red.