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Definition: Pinus Lambertiana
, n. [AS. p[=i]n, L. pinus.]
1. (Bot.) Any tree of the coniferous genus Pinus
Note: There are about twenty-eight species in the United
States, of which the white pine
the Georgia pine
), the red pine
), and the great West Coast sugar pine
) are among the most
valuable. The Scotch pine
, also called
or Riga pine
), is the
only British species. The nut pine
is any pine tree,
or species of pine, which bears large edible seeds. See
[1913 Webster] The spruces, firs, larches, and true
cedars, though formerly considered pines, are now
commonly assigned to other genera.
2. The wood of the pine tree.
3. A pineapple.
. (Bot.) See under Ground
Norfolk Island pine
(Bot.), a beautiful coniferous tree,
the Araucaria excelsa
, a tract of infertile land which is covered
with pines. [Southern U.S.]
(Zo["o]l.), any beetle whose larv[ae] bore into
. (Zo["o]l.) See Pinefinch
, in the Vocabulary.
(Zo["o]l.), a large grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator
), which inhabits the northern parts of both
hemispheres. The adult male is more or less tinged with
(Zo["o]l.), a small, very active, mottled gray
lizard (Sceloporus undulatus
), native of the Middle
States; -- called also swift
, brown scorpion
(a) A European weasel (Mustela martes
), called also
, and yellow-breasted marten
(b) The American sable. See Sable
(Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of small
tortricid moths of the genus Retinia
, whose larv[ae]
burrow in the ends of the branchlets of pine trees, often
doing great damage.
(Zo["o]l.), an American wild mouse (Arvicola pinetorum
), native of the Middle States. It lives in pine
(Bot.), one of the slender needle-shaped leaves
of a pine tree. See Pinus
. See Pine wool
, an oil resembling turpentine, obtained from fir
and pine trees, and used in making varnishes and colors.
(Zo["o]l.), a large harmless North American
snake (Pituophis melanoleucus
). It is whitish, covered
with brown blotches having black margins. Called also
. The Western pine snake (Pituophis Sayi
chestnut-brown, mottled with black and orange.
(Bot.), a tree of the genus Pinus
, money coined in Massachusetts in the
seventeenth century, and so called from its bearing a
figure of a pine tree. The most noted variety is the pine tree shilling
(Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of
weevils whose larv[ae] bore in the wood of pine trees.
Several species are known in both Europe and America,
belonging to the genera Pissodes
, a fiber obtained from pine needles by steaming
them. It is prepared on a large scale in some of the
Southern United States, and has many uses in the economic
arts; -- called also pine-needle wool
, and pine-wood wool
Lambert pine \Lam"bert pine`\
n. [So called from Lambert, an
English botanist.] (Bot.)
The gigantic sugar pine of California and Oregon (Pinus Lambertiana
). It has the leaves in fives, and cones a foot
long. The timber is soft, and like that of the white pine of
the Eastern States.
, n. [OE. sugre, F. sucre (cf. It. zucchero, Sp.
az['u]car), fr. Ar. sukkar, assukkar, fr. Skr. [,c]arkar[=a]
sugar, gravel; cf. Per. shakar. Cf. Saccharine
1. A sweet white (or brownish yellow) crystalline substance,
of a sandy or granular consistency, obtained by
crystallizing the evaporated juice of certain plants, as
the sugar cane, sorghum, beet root, sugar maple, etc. It
is used for seasoning and preserving many kinds of food
and drink. Ordinary sugar is essentially sucrose. See the
Note: The term sugar includes several commercial grades, as
the white or refined, granulated, loaf or lump, and the
raw brown or muscovado. In a more general sense, it
includes several distinct chemical compounds, as the
glucoses, or grape sugars (including glucose proper,
dextrose, and levulose), and the sucroses, or true
sugars (as cane sugar). All sugars are carbohydrates.
. The glucoses, or grape sugars, are
ketone alcohols of the formula C6H12O6
, and they turn
the plane of polarization to the right or the left.
They are produced from the amyloses and sucroses, as by
the action of heat and acids of ferments, and are
themselves decomposed by fermentation into alcohol and
carbon dioxide. The only sugar (called acrose) as yet
produced artificially belongs to this class. The
sucroses, or cane sugars, are doubled glucose
anhydrides of the formula C12H22O11
. They are usually
not fermentable as such (cf. Sucrose
), and they act
on polarized light.
2. By extension, anything resembling sugar in taste or
appearance; as, sugar of lead (lead acetate), a poisonous
white crystalline substance having a sweet taste.
3. Compliment or flattery used to disguise or render
acceptable something obnoxious; honeyed or soothing words.
. See Quercite
, sugar made from the sugar cane; sucrose, or an
isomeric sugar. See Sucrose
, or Diabetic sugar
(Med. Chem.), a variety
of sugar (grape sugar or dextrose) excreted in the urine
in diabetes mellitus; -- the presence of such a sugar in
the urine is used to diagnose the illness.
. See under Fruit
, and Fructose
, a sirupy or white crystalline sugar (dextrose
or glucose) found as a characteristic ingredient of ripe
grapes, and also produced from many other sources. See
, and Glucose
. See under Invert
, a variety of sugar isomeric with sucrose, found
in malt. See Maltose
, a substance found in manna, resembling, but
distinct from, the sugars. See Mannite
, a variety of sugar characteristic of fresh
milk, and isomeric with sucrose. See Lactose
, a sweet white crystalline substance isomeric
with, and formerly regarded to, the glucoses. It is found
in the tissue of muscle, the heart, liver, etc. Called
also heart sugar
. See Inosite
. See Pinite
(Com. Chem.), a variety of dextrose made by
the action of heat and acids on starch from corn,
potatoes, etc.; -- called also potato sugar
, corn sugar
, and, inaccurately, invert sugar
. See Dextrose
, one who refines sugar.
(Bot.), a variety of beet (Beta vulgaris
very large white roots, extensively grown, esp. in Europe,
for the sugar obtained from them.
(Bot.), the hackberry.
(Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of small
South American singing birds of the genera C[oe]reba
, and allied genera belonging to the family
. They are allied to the honey eaters.
. See Sugar orchard
, a place in or near a sugar orchard, where maple
sugar is made.
, sugar candy. [Obs.]
, sugar clarified and concreted or crystallized;
candy made from sugar.
(Bot.), a tall perennial grass (Saccharum officinarium
), with thick short-jointed stems. It has
been cultivated for ages as the principal source of sugar.
(a) A loaf or mass of refined sugar, usually in the form
of a truncated cone.
(b) A hat shaped like a sugar loaf.
Why, do not or know you, grannam, and that sugar
loaf? --J. Webster.
(Bot.), the rock maple (Acer saccharinum
, a machine for pressing out the juice of the
sugar cane, usually consisting of three or more rollers,
between which the cane is passed.
(a) A small mite (Tyroglyphus sacchari
), often found in
great numbers in unrefined sugar.
(b) The lepisma.
Sugar of lead
. See Sugar
, 2, above.
Sugar of milk
. See under Milk
, a collection of maple trees selected and
preserved for purpose of obtaining sugar from them; --
called also, sometimes, sugar bush
. [U.S.] --Bartlett.
(Bot.), an immense coniferous tree (Pinus Lambertiana
) of California and Oregon, furnishing a soft
and easily worked timber. The resinous exudation from the
stumps, etc., has a sweetish taste, and has been used as a
substitute for sugar.
(Zo["o]l.), an Australian flying phalanger
), having a long bushy tail and a
large parachute. It resembles a flying squirrel. See
Illust. under Phlanger
, small tongs, as of silver, used at table for
taking lumps of sugar from a sugar bowl.
. (Bot.) See Sugar maple