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Hasil cari dari kata atau frase: Opuntia cochinellifera(0.00969 detik)
Found 1 items, similar to Opuntia cochinellifera.
English → English (gcide)
Definition: Opuntia cochinellifera
Cochineal \Coch"i*neal\ (k[o^]ch"[i^]*n[=e]l; 277), [Sp.
cochinilla, dim. from L. coccineus, coccinus, scarlet, fr.
coccum the kermes berry, G. ko`kkos berry, especially the
kermes insect, used to dye scarlet, as the cochineal was
formerly supposed to be the grain or seed of a plant, and
this word was formerly defined to be the grain of the
Quercus coccifera; but cf. also Sp. cochinilla wood louse,
dim. of cochina sow, akin to F. cochon pig.]
A dyestuff consisting of the dried bodies of females of the
Coccus cacti, an insect native in Mexico, Central America,
etc., and found on several species of cactus, esp. Opuntia cochinellifera
Note: These insects are gathered from the plant, killed by
the application of heat, and exposed to the sun to dry.
When dried they resemble small, rough berries or seeds,
of a brown or purple color, and form the cochineal of
the shops, which is used for making carmine, and also
as a red dye.
Note: Cochineal contains as its essential coloring matter
carminic acid, a purple red amorphous substance which
yields carmine red.