Found 1 items, similar to Horse sponge.
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Definition: Horse sponge
(h[^o]rs), n. [AS. hors; akin to OS. hros, D. &
OHG. ros, G. ross, Icel. hross; and perh. to L. currere to
run, E. course, current Cf. Walrus
1. (Zo["o]l.) A hoofed quadruped of the genus Equus
especially, the domestic horse (Equus caballus
was domesticated in Egypt and Asia at a very early period.
It has six broad molars, on each side of each jaw, with
six incisors, and two canine teeth, both above and below.
The mares usually have the canine teeth rudimentary or
wanting. The horse differs from the true asses, in having
a long, flowing mane, and the tail bushy to the base.
Unlike the asses it has callosities, or chestnuts, on all
its legs. The horse excels in strength, speed, docility,
courage, and nobleness of character, and is used for
drawing, carrying, bearing a rider, and like purposes.
Note: Many varieties, differing in form, size, color, gait,
speed, etc., are known, but all are believed to have
been derived from the same original species. It is
supposed to have been a native of the plains of Central
Asia, but the wild species from which it was derived is
not certainly known. The feral horses of America are
domestic horses that have run wild; and it is probably
true that most of those of Asia have a similar origin.
Some of the true wild Asiatic horses do, however,
approach the domestic horse in several characteristics.
Several species of fossil (Equus
) are known from the
later Tertiary formations of Europe and America. The
fossil species of other genera of the family
are also often called horses, in general
2. The male of the genus Equus
, in distinction from the
female or male; usually, a castrated male.
3. Mounted soldiery; cavalry; -- used without the plural
termination; as, a regiment of horse; -- distinguished
The armies were appointed, consisting of twenty-five
thousand horse and foot. --Bacon.
4. A frame with legs, used to support something; as, a
clotheshorse, a sawhorse, etc.
5. A frame of timber, shaped like a horse, on which soldiers
were made to ride for punishment.
6. Anything, actual or figurative, on which one rides as on a
horse; a hobby.
7. (Mining) A mass of earthy matter, or rock of the same
character as the wall rock, occurring in the course of a
vein, as of coal or ore; hence, to take horse -- said of a
vein -- is to divide into branches for a distance.
(a) See Footrope
(b) A breastband for a leadsman.
(c) An iron bar for a sheet traveler to slide upon.
(d) A jackstay. --W. C. Russell. --Totten.
9. (Student Slang)
(a) A translation or other illegitimate aid in study or
examination; -- called also trot
(b) Horseplay; tomfoolery.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
. [Colloq. contraction]
Note: Horse is much used adjectively and in composition to
signify of, or having to do with, a horse or horses,
like a horse, etc.; as, horse collar, horse dealer or
horse?dealer, horsehoe, horse jockey; and hence, often
in the sense of strong, loud, coarse, etc.; as,
horselaugh, horse nettle or horse-nettle, horseplay,
horse ant, etc.
, Blood horse
, etc. See under Black
, caballine aloes.
(Zo["o]l.), a large ant (Formica rufa
called also horse emmet
, that portion of the artillery in which the
cannoneers are mounted, and which usually serves with the
cavalry; flying artillery.
(Bot.), a strong-scented labiate plant
), having large leaves and
(Bot.), a variety of the English or Windsor bean
), grown for feeding horses.
, a boat for conveying horses and cattle, or a
boat propelled by horses.
. (Zo["o]l.) See Botfly
, and Bots
, a railroad car for transporting valuable horses,
as hunters. [Eng.]
or Horse trainer
, one employed in subduing
or training horses for use.
(a) A railroad car drawn by horses. See under Car
(b) A car fitted for transporting horses.
(Bot.), a leguminous plant (Cassia Javanica
), bearing long pods, which contain a black,
catharic pulp, much used in the East Indies as a horse
, a cloth to cover a horse.
(Zo["o]l.), a large, spiral, marine shell of
the genus Triton. See Triton
(a) One that runs horses, or keeps horses for racing.
(b) A dealer in horses. [Obs.] --Wiseman.
(Zo["o]l.), the Limulus; -- called also
, horsehoe crab
, and king crab
(Zo["o]l.), the cavally.
(Zo["o]l.), the horse ant.
(Zo["o]l.), the chaffinch. [Prov. Eng.]
(Bot.), fever root.
(Naut.), a large calking iron.
, a space in the North Atlantic famous for
calms and baffling winds, being between the westerly winds
of higher latitudes and the trade winds. --Ham. Nav.
(a) The common tunny (Orcynus thunnus
), found on the
Atlantic coast of Europe and America, and in the
(b) The bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix
(c) The scad.
(d) The name is locally applied to various other fishes,
as the California hake, the black candlefish, the
jurel, the bluefish, etc.
(Naut.), an awkward, lubbery person; one of a
mythical body of marine cavalry. [Slang]
(Zo["o]l.), a large, marine mussel (Modiola modiolus
), found on the northern shores of Europe and
(Bot.), a coarse, prickly, American herb, the
. (Bot.) See Alexanders
(Bot.), a coarse fleshy weed of tropical
America (Trianthema monogymnum
, a race by horses; a match of horses in running
, the practice of racing with horses.
, a railroad on which the cars are drawn by
horses; -- in England, and sometimes in the United States,
called a tramway
(Civil Engin.), a device for drawing loaded
wheelbarrows up an inclined plane by horse power.
, strong common sense. [Colloq. U.S.]
, a cavalryman.
(Zo["o]l.), a large, coarse, commercial sponge
(Zo["o]l.), a large dragon fly. [Prov. Eng.]
(Bot.), a shrub of the southern part of the
United States (Symplocos tinctoria
), whose leaves are
sweet, and good for fodder.
(Zo["o]l.), a winged, dipterous insect
), which troubles horses by biting
them, and sucking their blood; -- called also horsefly
, and forest fly
(Bot.), a plant of the genus Hippocrepis
), cultivated for the beauty of its
flowers; -- called also horsehoe vetch
, from the
peculiar shape of its pods.
, a locomotive. [Colloq.]
, the sailor's name for salt beef.
To look a gift horse in the mouth
, to examine the mouth of
a horse which has been received as a gift, in order to
ascertain his age; -- hence, to accept favors in a
critical and thankless spirit. --Lowell.
To take horse
(a) To set out on horseback. --Macaulay.
(b) To be covered, as a mare.
(c) See definition 7 (above).
(sp[u^]nj), n. [OF. esponge, F. ['e]ponge, L.
spongia, Gr. spoggia`, spo`ggos. Cf. Fungus
[Formerly written also spunge
1. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of numerous species of Spongi[ae], or
Porifera. See Illust. and Note under Spongi[ae]
2. The elastic fibrous skeleton of many species of horny
Spongi[ae] (Keratosa), used for many purposes, especially
the varieties of the genus Spongia
. The most valuable
sponges are found in the Mediterranean and the Red Sea,
and on the coasts of Florida and the West Indies.
3. Fig.: One who lives upon others; a pertinacious and
indolent dependent; a parasite; a sponger.
4. Any spongelike substance. Specifically:
(a) Dough before it is kneaded and formed into loaves, and
after it is converted into a light, spongy mass by the
agency of the yeast or leaven.
(b) Iron from the puddling furnace, in a pasty condition.
(c) Iron ore, in masses, reduced but not melted or worked.
5. (Gun.) A mop for cleaning the bore of a cannon after a
discharge. It consists of a cylinder of wood, covered with
sheepskin with the wool on, or cloth with a heavy looped
nap, and having a handle, or staff.
6. (Far.) The extremity, or point, of a horseshoe, answering
to the heel.
, any one of several varieties of coarse
commercial sponges, especially Spongia equina
, a toilet sponge growing in a cup-shaped form.
. See Glass-sponge
, in the Vocabulary.
, a variety of commercial sponge (Spongia officinalis
, variety tubulifera), having very fine
fibers, native of Florida, and the West Indies.
, any one of several varieties of coarse
commercial sponges having the surface irregularly tufted,
as Spongia graminea
, and S. equina
, of Florida and the West Indies.
, a coarse commercial sponge, especially
. (Chem.) See under Platinum
, a substance made of mushrooms or
fungi, which are boiled in water, dried, and beaten, then
put in a strong lye prepared with saltpeter, and again
dried in an oven. This makes the black match, or tinder,
brought from Germany.
, a fine and durable commercial sponge
, variety gossypina
) found in Florida
and the West Indies. The surface is covered with larger
and smaller tufts, having the oscula between them.
, a kind of sweet cake which is light and
, or Spongy lead
(Chem.), metallic lead
brought to a spongy form by reduction of lead salts, or by
compressing finely divided lead; -- used in secondary
batteries and otherwise.
(Bot.), a tropical leguminous tree (Acacia Farnesiana
), with deliciously fragrant flowers, which are
used in perfumery.
, a very fine and superior variety of
Mediterranean sponge (Spongia officinalis
Mediterranea); -- called also Turkish sponge
To set a sponge
(Cookery), to leaven a small mass of flour,
to be used in leavening a larger quantity.
To throw up the sponge
, to give up a contest; to
acknowledge defeat; -- from a custom of the prize ring,
the person employed to sponge a pugilist between rounds
throwing his sponge in the air in token of defeat; -- now,
throw in the towel
is more common, and has the same
origin and meaning. [Cant or Slang] “He was too brave a
man to throw up the sponge to fate.”
. (Bot.) See Loof
, a fine, soft commercial sponge (Spongia equina
, variety meandriniformis) found in Florida and the
. See Glass-sponge
, a common and valuable commercial sponge
, variety corlosia) found in Florida
and the West Indies.