Found 1 items, similar to Great organ.
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Definition: Great organ
(gr[=a]t), a. [Compar. Greater
.] [OE. gret, great, AS. gre['a]t; akin to OS. &
LG. gr[=o]t, D. groot, OHG. gr[=o]z, G. gross. Cf. Groat
1. Large in space; of much size; big; immense; enormous;
expanded; -- opposed to small
; as, a great
house, ship, farm, plain, distance, length.
2. Large in number; numerous; as, a great company, multitude,
3. Long continued; lengthened in duration; prolonged in time;
as, a great while; a great interval.
4. Superior; admirable; commanding; -- applied to thoughts,
actions, and feelings.
5. Endowed with extraordinary powers; uncommonly gifted; able
to accomplish vast results; strong; powerful; mighty;
noble; as, a great hero, scholar, genius, philosopher,
6. Holding a chief position; elevated: lofty: eminent;
distinguished; foremost; principal; as, great men; the
great seal; the great marshal, etc.
He doth object I am too great of birth. --Shak.
7. Entitled to earnest consideration; weighty; important; as,
a great argument, truth, or principle.
8. Pregnant; big (with young).
The ewes great with young. --Ps. lxxviii.
9. More than ordinary in degree; very considerable in degree;
as, to use great caution; to be in great pain.
We have all
Great cause to give great thanks. --Shak.
10. (Genealogy) Older, younger, or more remote, by single
generation; -- often used before grand to indicate one
degree more remote in the direct line of descent; as,
great-grandfather (a grandfather's or a grandmother's
father), great-grandson, etc.
(Astron.), the constellation Ursa Major.
(Law), all manner of cattle except sheep and
(Eng. Hist.), Magna Charta.
Great circle of a sphere
, a circle the plane of which
passes through the center of the sphere.
Great circle sailing
, the process or art of conducting a
ship on a great circle of the globe or on the shortest arc
between two places.
, the final examination for a degree at the
University of Oxford, England; -- called also greats
. (Naut.) See under Gun.
The Great Lakes
the large fresh-water lakes (Lakes
Superior, Michigan, Huron, Erie, and Ontario) which lie on
the northern borders of the United States.
. Same as Grand master
, under Grand
(Mus.), the largest and loudest of the three
parts of a grand organ (the others being the choir organ
and the swell, and sometimes the pedal organ or foot
keys), It is played upon by a separate keyboard, which has
the middle position.
The great powers
(of Europe), in modern diplomacy, Great
Britain, France, Germany, Austria, Russia, and Italy.
. See under Type
(Mus.), the complete scale; -- employed to
designate the entire series of musical sounds from lowest
, the Mediterranean sea. In Chaucer both the Black
and the Mediterranean seas are so called.
(a) The principal seal of a kingdom or state.
(b) In Great Britain, the lord chancellor (who is
custodian of this seal); also, his office.
. See under Tithes.
, the eminent, distinguished, or powerful.
The Great Spirit
, among the North American Indians, their
chief or principal deity.
To be great
(with one), to be intimate or familiar (with
, n. [L. organum, Gr. ?; akin to ? work, and E.
work: cf. F. organe. See Work
, and cf. Orgue
1. An instrument or medium by which some important action is
performed, or an important end accomplished; as,
legislatures, courts, armies, taxgatherers, etc., are
organs of government.
2. (Biol.) A natural part or structure in an animal or a
plant, capable of performing some special action (termed
its function), which is essential to the life or
well-being of the whole; as, the heart, lungs, etc., are
organs of animals; the root, stem, foliage, etc., are
organs of plants.
Note: In animals the organs are generally made up of several
tissues, one of which usually predominates, and
determines the principal function of the organ. Groups
of organs constitute a system. See System
3. A component part performing an essential office in the
working of any complex machine; as, the cylinder, valves,
crank, etc., are organs of the steam engine.
4. A medium of communication between one person or body and
another; as, the secretary of state is the organ of
communication between the government and a foreign power;
a newspaper is the organ of its editor, or of a party,
sect, etc. A newsletter distributed within an organization
is often called its house organ
[1913 Webster +PJC]
5. [Cf. AS. organ, fr. L. organum.] (Mus.) A wind instrument
containing numerous pipes of various dimensions and kinds,
which are filled with wind from a bellows, and played upon
by means of keys similar to those of a piano, and
sometimes by foot keys or pedals; -- formerly used in the
plural, each pipe being considered an organ.
The deep, majestic, solemn organs blow. --Pope.
Note: Chaucer used the form orgon as a plural.
The merry orgon . . . that in the church goon
, Choir organ
, Great organ
, etc. See under
(Mus.), an organ of small size, as for a
chapel or for domestic use; a reed organ.
(Zo["o]l.), a Tasmanian crow shrike (Gymnorhina organicum
). It utters discordant notes like those of a
hand organ out of tune.
(Zo["o]l.), the drumfish.
. (Mil.) Same as Orgue
(Mus.), an harmonium of large capacity and
Organ of Corti
(Anat.), a complicated structure in the
cochlea of the ear, including the auditory hair cells, the
rods or fibers of Corti, the membrane of Corti, etc. See
Note under Ear
. See Pipe
, n., 1.
. (Zo["o]l.) See Tubipora
(Mus.), a passage in which the tonic or
dominant is sustained continuously by one part, while the
other parts move.