Found 1 items, similar to Grass sponge.
English → English
Definition: Grass sponge
, n. [OE. gras, gres, gers, AS, gr[ae]s, g[ae]rs;
akin to OFries. gres, gers, OS., D., G., Icel., & Goth. gras,
Dan. gr[ae]s, Sw. gr[aum]s, and prob. to E. green, grow. Cf.
1. Popularly: Herbage; the plants which constitute the food
of cattle and other beasts; pasture.
2. (Bot.) An endogenous plant having simple leaves, a stem
generally jointed and tubular, the husks or glumes in
pairs, and the seed single.
Note: This definition includes wheat, rye, oats, barley,
etc., and excludes clover and some other plants which
are commonly called by the name of grass. The grasses
form a numerous family of plants.
3. The season of fresh grass; spring. [Colloq.]
Two years old next grass. --Latham.
4. Metaphorically used for what is transitory.
Surely the people is grass. --Is. xl. 7.
Note: The following list includes most of the grasses of the
United States of special interest, except cereals. Many
of these terms will be found with definitions in the
Vocabulary. See Illustrations in Appendix. Barnyard
grass, for hay. South. Panicum Grus-galli
pasture and hay. Agrostis
, several species. Bermuda
grass, pasture. South. Cynodon Dactylon
. Black bent.
Same as Switch grass
(below). Blue bent, hay. North
and West. Andropogon provincialis
. Blue grass,
pasture. Poa compressa
. Blue joint, hay. Northwest.
. Buffalo grass, grazing. Rocky
(a) Buchlo["e] dectyloides
(b) Same as Grama grass
(below). Bunch grass, grazing.
Far West. Eriocoma
, etc. Chess,
or Cheat, a weed. Bromus secalinus
, etc. Couch
grass. Same as Quick grass
(below). Crab grass,
(a) Hay, in South. A weed, in North. Panicum sanguinale
(b) Pasture and hay. South. Eleusine Indica
(a) Bearded, a noxious weed. Lolium temulentum
(b) Common. Same as Rye grass
(below). Drop seed, fair
for forage and hay. Muhlenbergia
, several species.
English grass. Same as Redtop (below). Fowl meadow
(a) Pasture and hay. Poa serotina
(b) Hay, on moist land. Gryceria nervata
. Gama grass,
cut fodder. South. Tripsacum dactyloides
grass, grazing. West and Pacific slope. Bouteloua oligostachya
, etc. Great bunch grass, pasture and
hay. Far West. Festuca scabrella
. Guinea grass, hay.
South. Panicum jumentorum
. Herd's grass, in New
England Timothy, in Pennsylvania and South Redtop.
Indian grass. Same as Wood grass
rye grass, forage and hay. Lolium Italicum
grass, grazing and hay. South and Southwest. Sorghum Halepense
. Kentucky blue grass, pasture. Poa pratensis
. Lyme grass, coarse hay. South. Elymus
several species. Manna grass, pasture and hay.
, several species. Meadow fescue, pasture
and hay. Festuca elatior
. Meadow foxtail, pasture,
hay, lawn. North. Alopecurus pratensis
grass, pasture, hay, lawn. Poa
, several species.
Mesquite grass, or Muskit grass. Same as Grama grass
(above). Nimble Will, a kind of drop seed.
. Orchard grass, pasture and hay.
. Porcupine grass, troublesome to
sheep. Northwest. Stipa spartea
. Quaking grass,
ornamental. Briza media
. Quitch, or
Quick, grass, etc., a weed. Agropyrum repens
grass. Same as Rye grass
(below). Redtop, pasture
and hay. Agrostis vulgaris
. Red-topped buffalo
grass, forage. Northwest. Poa tenuifolia
canary grass, of slight value. Phalaris arundinacea
Reed meadow grass, hay. North. Glyceria aquatica
Ribbon grass, a striped leaved form of Reed canary grass
. Rye grass, pasture, hay. Lolium perenne
var. Seneca grass, fragrant basket work, etc. North.
. Sesame grass. Same as Gama grass
(above). Sheep's fescue, sheep pasture, native
in Northern Europe and Asia. Festuca ovina
reed grass, meadow pasture and hay. North. Deyeuxia Canadensis
. Spear grass, Same as Meadow grass
(above). Squirrel-tail grass, troublesome to animals.
Seacoast and Northwest. Hordeum jubatum
grass, hay, cut young. Panicum virgatum
cut young, the best of hay. North. Phleum pratense
Velvet grass, hay on poor soil. South. Holcus lanatus
. Vernal grass, pasture, hay, lawn.
. Wire grass, valuable in
pastures. Poa compressa
. Wood grass, Indian grass,
hay. Chrysopogon nutans
Note: Many plants are popularly called grasses which are not
true grasses botanically considered, such as black
grass, goose grass, star grass, etc.
, a kind of small rush (Juncus Gerardi
growing in salt marshes, used for making salt hay.
Grass of the Andes
, an oat grass, the Arrhenatherum avenaceum
Grass of Parnassus
, a plant of the genus Parnassia
growing in wet ground. The European species is Parnassia palustris
; in the United States there are several
(Zo["o]l.), the calico bass.
, the dunlin.
, a cloth woven from the tough fibers of the
, a perennial herb of the Nettle family
syn. Urtica nivea
), which grows in
Sumatra, China, and Assam, whose inner bark has fine and
strong fibers suited for textile purposes.
(a) A common American sparrow (Po["o]c[ae]tes gramineus
); -- called also vesper sparrow
(b) Any Australian finch, of the genus Po["e]phila
which several species are known.
, a lamb suckled by a dam running on pasture land
and giving rich milk.
, land kept in grass and not tilled.
(Zo["o]l.), one of many small moths of the genus
, found in grass.
, a fragrant essential volatile oil, obtained in
India from grasses of the genus Andropogon
, etc.; --
used in perfumery under the name of citronella
, ginger grass oil
, lemon grass oil
, essence of verbena
(Zo["o]l.), a South African owl (Strix Capensis
(Zo["o]l.), any of several species of
Australian parrots, of the genus Euphemia
; -- also
applied to the zebra parrakeet.
(Zo["o]l.), the upland or field plover.
(Bot.), a species of willowwort (Lythrum Hyssopifolia
(Zo["o]l.), one of several tropical American
finches of the genus Euetheia
. The males have most of
the head and chest black and often marked with yellow.
(a) The common English, or ringed, snake (Tropidonotus natrix
(b) The common green snake of the Northern United States.
See Green snake
, under Green
(Zo["o]l.), the pectoral sandpiper (Tringa maculata
); -- called also jacksnipe
(Zo["o]l.), a common spider (Agelena n[ae]via
), which spins flat webs on grass, conspicuous
when covered with dew.
(Zo["o]l.), an inferior kind of commercial
sponge from Florida and the Bahamas.
. (Arch.) See Earth table
, under Earth
(Bot.), a vetch (Lathyrus Nissolia
narrow grasslike leaves.
. [Cf. Prov. R. an unmarried mother, G.
strohwittwe a mock widow, Sw. gr["a]senka a grass widow.]
(a) An unmarried woman who is a mother. [Obs.]
(b) A woman separated from her husband by abandonment or
prolonged absence; a woman living apart from her
To bring to grass
(Mining.), to raise, as ore, to the
surface of the ground.
To put to grass
, To put out to grass
, to put out to graze
a season, as cattle.
(sp[u^]nj), n. [OF. esponge, F. ['e]ponge, L.
spongia, Gr. spoggia`, spo`ggos. Cf. Fungus
[Formerly written also spunge
1. (Zo["o]l.) Any one of numerous species of Spongi[ae], or
Porifera. See Illust. and Note under Spongi[ae]
2. The elastic fibrous skeleton of many species of horny
Spongi[ae] (Keratosa), used for many purposes, especially
the varieties of the genus Spongia
. The most valuable
sponges are found in the Mediterranean and the Red Sea,
and on the coasts of Florida and the West Indies.
3. Fig.: One who lives upon others; a pertinacious and
indolent dependent; a parasite; a sponger.
4. Any spongelike substance. Specifically:
(a) Dough before it is kneaded and formed into loaves, and
after it is converted into a light, spongy mass by the
agency of the yeast or leaven.
(b) Iron from the puddling furnace, in a pasty condition.
(c) Iron ore, in masses, reduced but not melted or worked.
5. (Gun.) A mop for cleaning the bore of a cannon after a
discharge. It consists of a cylinder of wood, covered with
sheepskin with the wool on, or cloth with a heavy looped
nap, and having a handle, or staff.
6. (Far.) The extremity, or point, of a horseshoe, answering
to the heel.
, any one of several varieties of coarse
commercial sponges, especially Spongia equina
, a toilet sponge growing in a cup-shaped form.
. See Glass-sponge
, in the Vocabulary.
, a variety of commercial sponge (Spongia officinalis
, variety tubulifera), having very fine
fibers, native of Florida, and the West Indies.
, any one of several varieties of coarse
commercial sponges having the surface irregularly tufted,
as Spongia graminea
, and S. equina
, of Florida and the West Indies.
, a coarse commercial sponge, especially
. (Chem.) See under Platinum
, a substance made of mushrooms or
fungi, which are boiled in water, dried, and beaten, then
put in a strong lye prepared with saltpeter, and again
dried in an oven. This makes the black match, or tinder,
brought from Germany.
, a fine and durable commercial sponge
, variety gossypina
) found in Florida
and the West Indies. The surface is covered with larger
and smaller tufts, having the oscula between them.
, a kind of sweet cake which is light and
, or Spongy lead
(Chem.), metallic lead
brought to a spongy form by reduction of lead salts, or by
compressing finely divided lead; -- used in secondary
batteries and otherwise.
(Bot.), a tropical leguminous tree (Acacia Farnesiana
), with deliciously fragrant flowers, which are
used in perfumery.
, a very fine and superior variety of
Mediterranean sponge (Spongia officinalis
Mediterranea); -- called also Turkish sponge
To set a sponge
(Cookery), to leaven a small mass of flour,
to be used in leavening a larger quantity.
To throw up the sponge
, to give up a contest; to
acknowledge defeat; -- from a custom of the prize ring,
the person employed to sponge a pugilist between rounds
throwing his sponge in the air in token of defeat; -- now,
throw in the towel
is more common, and has the same
origin and meaning. [Cant or Slang] “He was too brave a
man to throw up the sponge to fate.”
. (Bot.) See Loof
, a fine, soft commercial sponge (Spongia equina
, variety meandriniformis) found in Florida and the
. See Glass-sponge
, a common and valuable commercial sponge
, variety corlosia) found in Florida
and the West Indies.