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English → English (gcide) Definition: Dead point Point \Point\, n. [F. point, and probably also pointe, L. punctum, puncta, fr. pungere, punctum, to prick. See Pungent, and cf. Puncto, Puncture.] 1. That which pricks or pierces; the sharp end of anything, esp. the sharp end of a piercing instrument, as a needle or a pin. [1913 Webster] 2. An instrument which pricks or pierces, as a sort of needle used by engravers, etchers, lace workers, and others; also, a pointed cutting tool, as a stone cutter's point; -- called also pointer. [1913 Webster] 3. Anything which tapers to a sharp, well-defined termination. Specifically: A small promontory or cape; a tract of land extending into the water beyond the common shore line. [1913 Webster] 4. The mark made by the end of a sharp, piercing instrument, as a needle; a prick. [1913 Webster] 5. An indefinitely small space; a mere spot indicated or supposed. Specifically: (Geom.) That which has neither parts nor magnitude; that which has position, but has neither length, breadth, nor thickness, -- sometimes conceived of as the limit of a line; that by the motion of which a line is conceived to be produced. [1913 Webster] 6. An indivisible portion of time; a moment; an instant; hence, the verge. [1913 Webster] When time's first point begun Made he all souls. --Sir J. Davies. [1913 Webster] 7. A mark of punctuation; a character used to mark the divisions of a composition, or the pauses to be observed in reading, or to point off groups of figures, etc.; a stop, as a comma, a semicolon, and esp. a period; hence, figuratively, an end, or conclusion. [1913 Webster] And there a point, for ended is my tale. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Commas and points they set exactly right. --Pope. [1913 Webster] 8. Whatever serves to mark progress, rank, or relative position, or to indicate a transition from one state or position to another, degree; step; stage; hence, position or condition attained; as, a point of elevation, or of depression; the stock fell off five points; he won by tenpoints. “A point of precedence.” --Selden. “Creeping on from point to point.” --Tennyson. [1913 Webster] A lord full fat and in good point. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster] 9. That which arrests attention, or indicates qualities or character; a salient feature; a characteristic; a peculiarity; hence, a particular; an item; a detail; as, the good or bad points of a man, a horse, a book, a story, etc. [1913 Webster] He told him, point for point, in short and plain. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster] In point of religion and in point of honor. --Bacon. [1913 Webster] Shalt thou dispute With Him the points of liberty ? --Milton. [1913 Webster] 10. Hence, the most prominent or important feature, as of an argument, discourse, etc.; the essential matter; esp., the proposition to be established; as, the point of an anecdote. “Here lies the point.” --Shak. [1913 Webster] They will hardly prove his point. --Arbuthnot. [1913 Webster] 11. A small matter; a trifle; a least consideration; a punctilio. [1913 Webster] This fellow doth not stand upon points. --Shak. [1913 Webster] [He] cared not for God or man a point. --Spenser. [1913 Webster] 12. (Mus.) A dot or mark used to designate certain tones or time; as: (a) (Anc. Mus.) A dot or mark distinguishing or characterizing certain tones or styles; as, points of perfection, of augmentation, etc.; hence, a note; a tune. “Sound the trumpet -- not a levant, or a flourish, but a point of war.” --Sir W. Scott. (b) (Mod. Mus.) A dot placed at the right hand of a note, to raise its value, or prolong its time, by one half, as to make a whole note equal to three half notes, a half note equal to three quarter notes. [1913 Webster] 13. (Astron.) A fixed conventional place for reference, or zero of reckoning, in the heavens, usually the intersection of two or more great circles of the sphere, and named specifically in each case according to the position intended; as, the equinoctial points; the solstitial points; the nodal points; vertical points, etc. See Equinoctial Nodal. [1913 Webster] 14. (Her.) One of the several different parts of the escutcheon. See Escutcheon. [1913 Webster] 15. (Naut.) (a) One of the points of the compass (see Points of the compass , below); also, the difference between two points of the compass; as, to fall off a point. (b) A short piece of cordage used in reefing sails. See Reef point, under Reef. [1913 Webster] 16. (Anc. Costume) A a string or lace used to tie together certain parts of the dress. --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster] 17. Lace wrought the needle; as, point de Venise; Brussels point. See Point lace, below. [1913 Webster] 18. pl. (Railways) A switch. [Eng.] [1913 Webster] 19. An item of private information; a hint; a tip; a pointer. [Cant, U. S.] [1913 Webster] 20. (Cricket) A fielder who is stationed on the off side, about twelve or fifteen yards from, and a little in advance of, the batsman. [1913 Webster] 21. The attitude assumed by a pointer dog when he finds game; as, the dog came to a point. See Pointer. [1913 Webster] 22. (Type Making) A standard unit of measure for the size of type bodies, being one twelfth of the thickness of pica type. See Point system of type, under Type. [1913 Webster] 23. A tyne or snag of an antler. [1913 Webster] 24. One of the spaces on a backgammon board. [1913 Webster] 25. (Fencing) A movement executed with the saber or foil; as, tierce point. [1913 Webster] 26. (Med.) A pointed piece of quill or bone covered at one end with vaccine matter; -- called also vaccine point. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 27. One of the raised dots used in certain systems of printing and writing for the blind. The first practical system was that devised by Louis Braille in 1829, and still used in Europe (see Braille). Two modifications of this are current in the United States: New York point founded on three bases of equidistant points arranged in two lines (viz., : :: :::), and a later improvement, American Braille, embodying the Braille base (:::) and the New-York-point principle of using the characters of few points for the commonest letters. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 28. In technical senses: (a) In various games, a position of a certain player, or, by extension, the player himself; as: (1) (Lacrosse & Ice Hockey) The position of the player of each side who stands a short distance in front of the goal keeper; also, the player himself. (2) (Baseball) (pl.) The position of the pitcher and catcher. (b) (Hunting) A spot to which a straight run is made; hence, a straight run from point to point; a cross-country run. [Colloq. Oxf. E. D.] (c) (Falconry) The perpendicular rising of a hawk over the place where its prey has gone into cover. (d) Act of pointing, as of the foot downward in certain dance positions. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] Note: The word point is a general term, much used in the sciences, particularly in mathematics, mechanics, perspective, and physics, but generally either in the geometrical sense, or in that of degree, or condition of change, and with some accompanying descriptive or qualifying term, under which, in the vocabulary, the specific uses are explained; as, boiling point, carbon point, dry point, freezing point, melting point, vanishing point, etc. [1913 Webster] At all points, in every particular, completely; perfectly. --Shak. At point, In point, At the point, In the point, or On the point, as near as can be; on the verge; about (see About, prep., 6); as, at the point of death; he was on the point of speaking. “In point to fall down.” --Chaucer. “Caius Sidius Geta, at point to have been taken, recovered himself so valiantly as brought day on his side.” --Milton. Dead point. (Mach.) Same as Dead center, under Dead. Far point (Med.), in ophthalmology, the farthest point at which objects are seen distinctly. In normal eyes the nearest point at which objects are seen distinctly; either with the two eyes together (binocular near point), or with each eye separately (monocular near point). Nine points of the law, all but the tenth point; the greater weight of authority. On the point. See At point, above. Point lace, lace wrought with the needle, as distinguished from that made on the pillow. Point net, a machine-made lace imitating a kind of Brussels lace (Brussels ground). Point of concurrence (Geom.), a point common to two lines, but not a point of tangency or of intersection, as, for instance, that in which a cycloid meets its base. Point of contrary flexure, a point at which a curve changes its direction of curvature, or at which its convexity and concavity change sides. Point of order, in parliamentary practice, a question of order or propriety under the rules. Point of sight (Persp.), in a perspective drawing, the point assumed as that occupied by the eye of the spectator. Point of view, the relative position from which anything is seen or any subject is considered. Points of the compass (Naut.), the thirty-two points of division of the compass card in the mariner's compass; the corresponding points by which the circle of the horizon is supposed to be divided, of which the four marking the directions of east, west, north, and south, are called cardinal points, and the rest are named from their respective directions, as N. by E., N. N. E., N. E. by N., N. E., etc. See Illust. under Compass. Point paper, paper pricked through so as to form a stencil for transferring a design. Point system of type. See under Type. Singular point (Geom.), a point of a curve which possesses some property not possessed by points in general on the curve, as a cusp, a point of inflection, a node, etc. To carry one's point, to accomplish one's object, as in a controversy. To make a point of, to attach special importance to. To make a point, or To gain a point, accomplish that which was proposed; also, to make advance by a step, grade, or position. To mark a point, or To score a point, as in billiards, cricket, etc., to note down, or to make, a successful hit, run, etc. To strain a point, to go beyond the proper limit or rule; to stretch one's authority or conscience. Vowel point, in Arabic, Hebrew, and certain other Eastern and ancient languages, a mark placed above or below the consonant, or attached to it, representing the vowel, or vocal sound, which precedes or follows the consonant. [1913 Webster] Dead \Dead\ (d[e^]d), a. [OE. ded, dead, deed, AS. de['a]d; akin to OS. d[=o]d, D. dood, G. todt, tot, Icel. dau[eth]r, Sw. & Dan. d["o]d, Goth. daubs; prop. p. p. of an old verb meaning to die. See Die, and cf. Death.] 1. Deprived of life; -- opposed to alive and living; reduced to that state of a being in which the organs of motion and life have irrevocably ceased to perform their functions; as, a dead tree; a dead man. “The queen, my lord, is dead.” --Shak. [1913 Webster] The crew, all except himself, were dead of hunger. --Arbuthnot. [1913 Webster] Seek him with candle, bring him dead or living. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. Destitute of life; inanimate; as, dead matter. [1913 Webster] 3. Resembling death in appearance or quality; without show of life; deathlike; as, a dead sleep. [1913 Webster] 4. Still as death; motionless; inactive; useless; as, dead calm; a dead load or weight. [1913 Webster] 5. So constructed as not to transmit sound; soundless; as, a dead floor. [1913 Webster] 6. Unproductive; bringing no gain; unprofitable; as, dead capital; dead stock in trade. [1913 Webster] 7. Lacking spirit; dull; lusterless; cheerless; as, dead eye; dead fire; dead color, etc. [1913 Webster] 8. Monotonous or unvaried; as, a dead level or pain; a dead wall. “The ground is a dead flat.” --C. Reade. [1913 Webster] 9. Sure as death; unerring; fixed; complete; as, a dead shot; a dead certainty. [1913 Webster] I had them a dead bargain. --Goldsmith. [1913 Webster] 10. Bringing death; deadly. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 11. Wanting in religious spirit and vitality; as, dead faith; dead works. “Dead in trespasses.” --Eph. ii. 1. [1913 Webster] 12. (Paint.) (a) Flat; without gloss; -- said of painting which has been applied purposely to have this effect. (b) Not brilliant; not rich; thus, brown is a dead color, as compared with crimson. [1913 Webster] 13. (Law) Cut off from the rights of a citizen; deprived of the power of enjoying the rights of property; as, one banished or becoming a monk is civilly dead. [1913 Webster] 14. (Mach.) Not imparting motion or power; as, the dead spindle of a lathe, etc. See Spindle. [1913 Webster] 15. (Elec.) Carrying no current, or producing no useful effect; -- said of a conductor in a dynamo or motor, also of a telegraph wire which has no instrument attached and, therefore, is not in use. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 16. Out of play; regarded as out of the game; -- said of a ball, a piece, or a player under certain conditions in cricket, baseball, checkers, and some other games. [In golf], a ball is said to lie dead when it lies so near the hole that the player is certain to hole it in the next stroke. --Encyc. of Sport. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] Dead ahead (Naut.), directly ahead; -- said of a ship or any object, esp. of the wind when blowing from that point toward which a vessel would go. Dead angle (Mil.), an angle or space which can not be seen or defended from behind the parapet. Dead block, either of two wooden or iron blocks intended to serve instead of buffers at the end of a freight car. Dead calm (Naut.), no wind at all. Dead center, or Dead point (Mach.), either of two points in the orbit of a crank, at which the crank and connecting rod lie a straight line. It corresponds to the end of a stroke; as, A and B are dead centers of the crank mechanism in which the crank C drives, or is driven by, the lever L. Dead color (Paint.), a color which has no gloss upon it. Dead coloring (Oil paint.), the layer of colors, the preparation for what is to follow. In modern painting this is usually in monochrome. Dead door (Shipbuilding), a storm shutter fitted to the outside of the quarter-gallery door. Dead flat (Naut.), the widest or midship frame. Dead freight (Mar. Law), a sum of money paid by a person who charters a whole vessel but fails to make out a full cargo. The payment is made for the unoccupied capacity. --Abbott. Dead ground (Mining), the portion of a vein in which there is no ore. Dead hand, a hand that can not alienate, as of a person civilly dead. “Serfs held in dead hand.” --Morley. See Mortmain. Dead head (Naut.), a rough block of wood used as an anchor buoy. Dead heat, a heat or course between two or more race horses, boats, etc., in which they come out exactly equal, so that neither wins. Dead horse, an expression applied to a debt for wages paid in advance. [Law] Dead language, a language which is no longer spoken or in common use by a people, and is known only in writings, as the Hebrew, Greek, and Latin. Dead plate (Mach.), a solid covering over a part of a fire grate, to prevent the entrance of air through that part. Dead pledge, a mortgage. See Mortgage. Dead point. (Mach.) See Dead center. Dead reckoning (Naut.), the method of determining the place of a ship from a record kept of the courses sailed as given by compass, and the distance made on each course as found by log, with allowance for leeway, etc., without the aid of celestial observations. Dead rise, the transverse upward curvature of a vessel's floor. Dead rising, an elliptical line drawn on the sheer plan to determine the sweep of the floorheads throughout the ship's length. Dead-Sea apple. See under Apple. Dead set. See under Set. Dead shot. (a) An unerring marksman. (b) A shot certain to be made. Dead smooth, the finest cut made; -- said of files. Dead wall (Arch.), a blank wall unbroken by windows or other openings. Dead water (Naut.), the eddy water closing in under a ship's stern when sailing. Dead weight. (a) A heavy or oppressive burden. --Dryden. (b) (Shipping) A ship's lading, when it consists of heavy goods; or, the heaviest part of a ship's cargo. (c) (Railroad) The weight of rolling stock, the live weight being the load. --Knight. Dead wind (Naut.), a wind directly ahead, or opposed to the ship's course. To be dead, to die. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] I deme thee, thou must algate be dead. --Chaucer. Syn: Inanimate; deceased; extinct. See Lifeless. [1913 Webster] Dead \Dead\ (d[e^]d), a. [OE. ded, dead, deed, AS. de['a]d; akin to OS. d[=o]d, D. dood, G. todt, tot, Icel. dau[eth]r, Sw. & Dan. d["o]d, Goth. daubs; prop. p. p. of an old verb meaning to die. See Die, and cf. Death.] 1. Deprived of life; -- opposed to alive and living; reduced to that state of a being in which the organs of motion and life have irrevocably ceased to perform their functions; as, a dead tree; a dead man. “The queen, my lord, is dead.” --Shak. [1913 Webster] The crew, all except himself, were dead of hunger. --Arbuthnot. [1913 Webster] Seek him with candle, bring him dead or living. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. Destitute of life; inanimate; as, dead matter. [1913 Webster] 3. Resembling death in appearance or quality; without show of life; deathlike; as, a dead sleep. [1913 Webster] 4. Still as death; motionless; inactive; useless; as, dead calm; a dead load or weight. [1913 Webster] 5. So constructed as not to transmit sound; soundless; as, a dead floor. [1913 Webster] 6. Unproductive; bringing no gain; unprofitable; as, dead capital; dead stock in trade. [1913 Webster] 7. Lacking spirit; dull; lusterless; cheerless; as, dead eye; dead fire; dead color, etc. [1913 Webster] 8. Monotonous or unvaried; as, a dead level or pain; a dead wall. “The ground is a dead flat.” --C. Reade. [1913 Webster] 9. Sure as death; unerring; fixed; complete; as, a dead shot; a dead certainty. [1913 Webster] I had them a dead bargain. --Goldsmith. [1913 Webster] 10. Bringing death; deadly. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 11. Wanting in religious spirit and vitality; as, dead faith; dead works. “Dead in trespasses.” --Eph. ii. 1. [1913 Webster] 12. (Paint.) (a) Flat; without gloss; -- said of painting which has been applied purposely to have this effect. (b) Not brilliant; not rich; thus, brown is a dead color, as compared with crimson. [1913 Webster] 13. (Law) Cut off from the rights of a citizen; deprived of the power of enjoying the rights of property; as, one banished or becoming a monk is civilly dead. [1913 Webster] 14. (Mach.) Not imparting motion or power; as, the dead spindle of a lathe, etc. See Spindle. [1913 Webster] 15. (Elec.) Carrying no current, or producing no useful effect; -- said of a conductor in a dynamo or motor, also of a telegraph wire which has no instrument attached and, therefore, is not in use. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] 16. Out of play; regarded as out of the game; -- said of a ball, a piece, or a player under certain conditions in cricket, baseball, checkers, and some other games. [In golf], a ball is said to lie dead when it lies so near the hole that the player is certain to hole it in the next stroke. --Encyc. of Sport. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] Dead ahead (Naut.), directly ahead; -- said of a ship or any object, esp. of the wind when blowing from that point toward which a vessel would go. Dead angle (Mil.), an angle or space which can not be seen or defended from behind the parapet. Dead block, either of two wooden or iron blocks intended to serve instead of buffers at the end of a freight car. Dead calm (Naut.), no wind at all. Dead center, or Dead point (Mach.), either of two points in the orbit of a crank, at which the crank and connecting rod lie a straight line. It corresponds to the end of a stroke; as, A and B are dead centers of the crank mechanism in which the crank C drives, or is driven by, the lever L. Dead color (Paint.), a color which has no gloss upon it. Dead coloring (Oil paint.), the layer of colors, the preparation for what is to follow. In modern painting this is usually in monochrome. Dead door (Shipbuilding), a storm shutter fitted to the outside of the quarter-gallery door. Dead flat (Naut.), the widest or midship frame. Dead freight (Mar. Law), a sum of money paid by a person who charters a whole vessel but fails to make out a full cargo. The payment is made for the unoccupied capacity. --Abbott. Dead ground (Mining), the portion of a vein in which there is no ore. Dead hand, a hand that can not alienate, as of a person civilly dead. “Serfs held in dead hand.” --Morley. See Mortmain. Dead head (Naut.), a rough block of wood used as an anchor buoy. Dead heat, a heat or course between two or more race horses, boats, etc., in which they come out exactly equal, so that neither wins. Dead horse, an expression applied to a debt for wages paid in advance. [Law] Dead language, a language which is no longer spoken or in common use by a people, and is known only in writings, as the Hebrew, Greek, and Latin. Dead plate (Mach.), a solid covering over a part of a fire grate, to prevent the entrance of air through that part. Dead pledge, a mortgage. See Mortgage. Dead point. (Mach.) See Dead center. Dead reckoning (Naut.), the method of determining the place of a ship from a record kept of the courses sailed as given by compass, and the distance made on each course as found by log, with allowance for leeway, etc., without the aid of celestial observations. Dead rise, the transverse upward curvature of a vessel's floor. Dead rising, an elliptical line drawn on the sheer plan to determine the sweep of the floorheads throughout the ship's length. Dead-Sea apple. See under Apple. Dead set. See under Set. Dead shot. (a) An unerring marksman. (b) A shot certain to be made. Dead smooth, the finest cut made; -- said of files. Dead wall (Arch.), a blank wall unbroken by windows or other openings. Dead water (Naut.), the eddy water closing in under a ship's stern when sailing. Dead weight. (a) A heavy or oppressive burden. --Dryden. (b) (Shipping) A ship's lading, when it consists of heavy goods; or, the heaviest part of a ship's cargo. (c) (Railroad) The weight of rolling stock, the live weight being the load. --Knight. Dead wind (Naut.), a wind directly ahead, or opposed to the ship's course. To be dead, to die. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] I deme thee, thou must algate be dead. --Chaucer. Syn: Inanimate; deceased; extinct. See Lifeless. [1913 Webster]

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