Found 1 items, similar to Compound ether.
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Definition: Compound ether
, a. [OE. compouned, p. p. of compounen. See
, v. t.]
Composed of two or more elements, ingredients, parts;
produced by the union of several ingredients, parts, or
things; composite; as, a compound word.
Compound substances are made up of two or more simple
substances. --I. Watts.
(Arith.), the addition, subtraction, etc., of
(Crystallog.), a twin crystal, or one
seeming to be made up of two or more crystals combined
according to regular laws of composition.
(Mech.), a form of steam engine in which
the steam that has been used in a high-pressure cylinder
is made to do further service in a larger low-pressure
cylinder, sometimes in several larger cylinders,
. (Chem.) See under Ether
(Bot.), a flower head resembling a single
flower, but really composed of several florets inclosed in
a common calyxlike involucre, as the sunflower or
. (Math.) See Fraction
. See Fracture
, a householder who compounds or
arranges with his landlord that his rates shall be
included in his rents. [Eng.]
. See Interest
. (Law) See Larceny
(Bot.), a leaf having two or more separate
blades or leaflets on a common leafstalk.
. See Microscope
. See Motion
(Math.), one constructed according to a
varying scale of denomination; as, 3 cwt., 1 qr., 5 lb.;
-- called also denominate number
(Arch.), a clustered column.
(Alg.), a quantity composed of two or
more simple quantities or terms, connected by the sign +
(plus) or - (minus). Thus, a + b - c, and bb - b, are
. (Chem.) See Radical
(Math.), the product of two or more ratios;
thus ab:cd is a ratio compounded of the simple ratios a:c
(Mech.), the tool carriage of an engine
(Mech.), a screw having on the same axis two
or more screws with different pitch (a differential
screw), or running in different directions (a right and
(Mus.), that in which two or more simple
measures are combined in one; as, 6-8 time is the joining
of two measures of 3-8 time.
, a word composed of two or more words;
specifically, two or more words joined together by a
([=e]"th[~e]r), n. [L. aether, Gr. a'iqh`r, fr.
a'i`qein to light up, kindle, burn, blaze; akin to Skr. idh,
indh, and prob. to E. idle: cf. F. ['e]ther.] [Written also
1. (Physics) A medium of great elasticity and extreme
tenuity, once supposed to pervade all space, the interior
of solid bodies not excepted, and to be the medium of
transmission of light and heat; hence often called
. It is no longer believed that such a
medium is required for the transmission of electromagnetic
waves; the modern use of the term is mostly a figurative
term for empty space
, or for literary effect, and not
intended to imply the actual existence of a physical
medium. However. modern cosmological theories based on
quantum field theory do not rule out the possibility that
the inherent energy of the vacuum is greater than zero, in
which case the concept of an ether pervading the vacuum
may have more than metaphoric meaning.
[1913 Webster +PJC]
2. Supposed matter above the air; the air itself.
(a) A light, volatile, mobile, inflammable liquid,
, of a characteristic aromatic odor,
obtained by the distillation of alcohol with sulphuric
acid, and hence called also sulphuric ether
. It is a
powerful solvent of fats, resins, and pyroxylin, but
finds its chief use as an an[ae]sthetic. Commonly
called ethyl ether
to distinguish it from other
ethers, and also ethyl oxide
(b) Any similar compound in which an oxygen atom is bound
to two different carbon atoms, each of which is part
of an organic radical; as, amyl ether; valeric ether;
methyl ethyl ether. The general formular for an ether
, in which R and R' are organic radicals
which may be of similar or different structure. If R
and R' are different parts of the same organic
radical, the structure forms a cyclic ether.
[1913 Webster +PJC]
, Mixed ether
(Chem.), an ether in which the
ether oxygen is attached to two radicals having different
structures; as, ethyl methyl ether, C2H5.O.CH3
(Chem.), an ethereal salt or a salt of some
hydrocarbon as the base; an ester.
(Mach.), a condensing engine like a steam
engine, but operated by the vapor of ether instead of by