Found 1 items, similar to Close borough.
English → English
Definition: Close borough
, n. [OE. burgh, burw, boru, port, town,
burrow, AS. burh, burg; akin to Icel., Sw., & Dan. borg, OS.
& D. burg, OHG. puruc, purc, MHG. burc, G. burg, Goth.
ba['u]rgs; and from the root of AS. beorgan to hide, save,
defend, G. bergen; or perh. from that of AS. beorg hill,
mountain. [root]95. See Bury
, v. t., and cf. Burrow
, n., Burgess
1. In England, an incorporated town that is not a city; also,
a town that sends members to parliament; in Scotland, a
body corporate, consisting of the inhabitants of a certain
district, erected by the sovereign, with a certain
jurisdiction; in America, an incorporated town or village,
as in Pennsylvania and Connecticut. --Burrill. Erskine.
2. The collective body of citizens or inhabitants of a
borough; as, the borough voted to lay a tax.
, or Pocket borough
, a borough having the
right of sending a member to Parliament, whose nomination
is in the hands of a single person.
, a name given to any borough which, at the
time of the passage of the Reform Bill of 1832, contained
but few voters, yet retained the privilege of sending a
member to Parliament.
(kl[=o]s), a. [Compar. Closer
.] [Of. & F. clos, p. p. of clore. See
, v. t.]
1. Shut fast; closed; tight; as, a close box.
From a close bower this dainty music flowed.
2. Narrow; confined; as, a close alley; close quarters. “A
3. Oppressive; without motion or ventilation; causing a
feeling of lassitude; -- said of the air, weather, etc.
If the rooms be low-roofed, or full of windows and
doors, the one maketh the air close, . . . and the
other maketh it exceeding unequal. --Bacon.
4. Strictly confined; carefully quarded; as, a close
5. Out of the way observation; secluded; secret; hidden. “He
yet kept himself close because of Saul.”
--1 Chron. xii.
“Her close intent.”
6. Disposed to keep secrets; secretive; reticent. “For
secrecy, no lady closer.”
7. Having the parts near each other; dense; solid; compact;
as applied to bodies; viscous; tenacious; not volatile, as
applied to liquids.
The golden globe being put into a press, . . . the
water made itself way through the pores of that very
close metal. --Locke.
8. Concise; to the point; as, close reasoning. “Where the
original is close no version can reach it in the same
9. Adjoining; near; either in space; time, or thought; --
often followed by to.
Plant the spring crocuses close to a wall.
The thought of the Man of sorrows seemed a very
close thing -- not a faint hearsay. --G. Eliot.
10. Short; as, to cut grass or hair close.
11. Intimate; familiar; confidential.
League with you I seek
And mutual amity, so strait, so close,
That I with you must dwell, or you with me.
12. Nearly equal; almost evenly balanced; as, a close vote.
“A close contest.”
13. Difficult to obtain; as, money is close. --Bartlett.
14. Parsimonious; stingy. “A crusty old fellow, as close as
15. Adhering strictly to a standard or original; exact;
strict; as, a close translation. --Locke.
16. Accurate; careful; precise; also, attentive; undeviating;
strict; not wandering; as, a close observer.
17. (Phon.) Uttered with a relatively contracted opening of
the mouth, as certain sounds of e and o in French,
Italian, and German; -- opposed to open.
. See under Borough
. See under Breeding
, communion in the Lord's supper, restricted
to those who have received baptism by immersion.
, a body or corporation which fills its
. (Bot.) See Fertilization
(Mus.), compact harmony, in which the tones
composing each chord are not widely distributed over
, a fixed period during which killing game or
catching certain fish is prohibited by law.
(Pron.), a vowel which is pronounced with a
diminished aperture of the lips, or with contraction of
the cavity of the mouth.
Close to the wind
(Naut.), directed as nearly to the point
from which the wind blows as it is possible to sail;
closehauled; -- said of a vessel.