Found 2 items, similar to Caustic soda.
English → English
Definition: caustic soda
n : a strongly alkaline caustic used in manufacturing soap and
paper and aluminum and various sodium compounds [syn: sodium hydroxide
English → English
Definition: Caustic soda
, n. [It., soda, in OIt., ashes used in making
glass, fr. L. solida, fem. of solidus solid; solida having
probably been a name of glasswort. See Solid
(a) Sodium oxide or hydroxide.
(b) Popularly, sodium carbonate or bicarbonate. Sodium
bicarbonate is also called baking soda
2. same as sodium
, used in terms such as bicarbonate of soda
3. same as soda water
4. a non-alcoholic beverage, sweetened by various means,
containing flavoring and supersaturated with carbon
dioxide, so as to be effervescent when the container is
opened; -- in different localities it is variously called
also soda pop
, mineral water
, and minerals
It has many variants. The sweetening agent may be natural,
such as cane sugar or corn syrup, or artificial, such as
saccharin or aspartame. The flavoring varies widely,
popular variants being fruit or cola flavoring.
, sodium hydroxide.
, sodium bicarbonate. [Colloq.]
. See Sodium carbonate
, under Sodium
(Min.), a mineral consisting of the hydrous
sulphate of alumina and soda.
, crude sodium carbonate; -- so called because
formerly obtained from the ashes of sea plants and certain
other plants, as saltwort (Salsola
). See under Sodium
, an apparatus for drawing soda water, fitted
with delivery tube, faucets, etc.
, a lye consisting essentially of a solution of
sodium hydroxide, used in soap making.
. See Nitratine
, salts having sodium for the base; specifically,
sodium sulphate or Glauber's salts.
, the waste material, consisting chiefly of
calcium hydroxide and sulphide, which accumulates as a
useless residue or side product in the ordinary Leblanc
process of soda manufacture; -- called also alkali waste
, sodium carbonate. [Colloq.]
, Caustical \Caus"tic*al\
, a. [L. caustucs,
Ge. ?, fr. ? to burn. Cf. Calm
1. Capable of destroying the texture of anything or eating
away its substance by chemical action; burning; corrosive;
2. Severe; satirical; sharp; as, a caustic remark.
(Optics), a curve to which the ray of light,
reflected or refracted by another curve, are tangents, the
reflecting or refracting curve and the luminous point
being in one plane.
. See under Lime
, Caustic soda
(Chem.), the solid
hydroxides potash, KOH
, and soda, NaOH
, or solutions
of the same.
, nitrate of silver, lunar caustic.
(Optics), a surface to which rays reflected
or refracted by another surface are tangents. Caustic
curves and surfaces are called catacaustic when formed by
reflection, and diacaustic when formed by refraction.
Syn: Stinging; cutting; pungent; searching.