Found 1 items, similar to Artificial sines.
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Definition: Artificial sines
, n. [LL. sinus a sine, L. sinus bosom, used in
translating the Ar. jaib, properly, bosom, but probably read
by mistake (the consonants being the same) for an original
j[=i]ba sine, from Skr. j[=i]va bowstring, chord of an arc,
(a) The length of a perpendicular drawn from one extremity
of an arc of a circle to the diameter drawn through
the other extremity.
(b) The perpendicular itself. See Sine of angle
, logarithms of the natural sines, or
Curve of sines
. See Sinusoid
, the decimals expressing the values of the
sines, the radius being unity.
Sine of an angle
, in a circle whose radius is unity, the
sine of the arc that measures the angle; in a right-angled
triangle, the side opposite the given angle divided by the
hypotenuse. See Trigonometrical function
, that part of the diameter between the sine and
, a. [L. artificialis, fr. artificium:
cf. F. artificiel. See Artifice
1. Made or contrived by art; produced or modified by human
skill and labor, in opposition to natural; as, artificial
heat or light, gems, salts, minerals, fountains, flowers.
Lives in these touches, livelier than life. --Shak.
2. Feigned; fictitious; assumed; affected; not genuine.
3. Artful; cunning; crafty. [Obs.] --Shak.
4. Cultivated; not indigenous; not of spontaneous growth; as,
artificial grasses. --Gibbon.
(Rhet.), arguments invented by the
speaker, in distinction from laws, authorities, and the
like, which are called inartificial arguments or proofs.
(Science), an arrangement based
on superficial characters, and not expressing the true
natural relations species; as, “the artificial system”
in botany, which is the same as the Linn[ae]an system.
. See under Horizon
, any light other than that which proceeds
from the heavenly bodies.
, lines on a sector or scale, so contrived
as to represent the logarithmic sines and tangents, which,
by the help of the line of numbers, solve, with tolerable
exactness, questions in trigonometry, navigation, etc.
(Law). See under Person
, etc., the same as logarithms
of the natural sines, tangents, etc. --Hutton.