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Definition: Ardea herodias
, n. [OE. heiroun, heroun, heron, hern, OF.
hairon, F. h['e]ron, OHG. heigir; cf. Icel. hegri, Dan.
heire, Sw. h["a]ger, and also G. h["a]her jay, jackdaw, OHG.
hehara, higere, woodpecker, magpie, D. reiger heron, G.
reiher, AS. hr[=a]gra. Cf. Aigret
Any wading bird of the genus Ardea
and allied genera, of
the family Ardeid[ae]
. The herons have a long, sharp bill,
and long legs and toes, with the claw of the middle toe
toothed. The common European heron (Ardea cinerea
remarkable for its directly ascending flight, and was
formerly hunted with the larger falcons.
Note: There are several common American species; as, the
great blue heron (Ardea herodias
); the little blue
); the green (Ardea virescens
the snowy (Ardea candidissima
); the night heron or
qua-bird (Nycticorax nycticorax
). The plumed herons
are called egrets
(Bot.), a plant of the genus Erodium
; -- so
called from the fancied resemblance of the fruit to the
head and beak of the heron.
(kr[=a]n), n. [AS. cran; akin to D. & LG. craan,
G. kranich, krahn (this in sense 2), Gr. ge`ranos, L. grus,
W. & Armor. garan, OSlav. zerav[i^], Lith. gerve, Icel.
trani, Sw. trana, Dan. trane. [root]24. Cf. Geranium
1. (Zo["o]l.) A wading bird of the genus Grus
, and allied
genera, of various species, having a long, straight bill,
and long legs and neck.
Note: The common European crane is Grus cinerea
sand-hill crane (Grus Mexicana
) and the whooping
crane (Grus Americana
) are large American species.
The Balearic or crowned crane is Balearica pavonina
The name is sometimes erroneously applied to the herons
2. Any arm which swings about a vertical axis at one end,
used for supporting a suspended weight.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
3. A machine for raising and lowering heavy weights, and,
while holding them suspended, transporting them through a
limited lateral distance. In one form it consists of a
projecting arm or jib of timber or iron, a rotating post
or base, and the necessary tackle, windlass, etc.; -- so
called from a fancied similarity between its arm and the
neck of a crane See Illust. of Derrick
4. An iron arm with horizontal motion, attached to the side
or back of a fireplace, for supporting kettles, etc., over
5. A siphon, or bent pipe, for drawing liquors out of a cask.
6. (Naut.) A forked post or projecting bracket to support
spars, etc., -- generally used in pairs. See Crotch
7. (Zo["o]l.) The American blue heron (Ardea herodias
[Local, U. S.]
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
(Zo["o]l.), a dipterous insect with long legs, of
the genus Tipula
. See Derrick
. (Zo["o]l.) See Adjutant
, n., 3.
, Traveler crane
, Traversing crane
(Mach.), a crane mounted on wheels; esp., an overhead
crane consisting of a crab or other hoisting apparatus
traveling on rails or beams fixed overhead, as in a
machine shop or foundry.
, a kind of hydrant with a long swinging spout,
for filling locomotive tenders, water carts, etc., with